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What is Obsessive Compulsive Disorder?

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) is a disorder that affects the mental health of a person. This disorder can occur in children and adults as well. A person suffering from this disorder gets caught in a cycle of unreasonable obsessions and compulsions. The person also has images, urges, and intrusive thoughts that generate feelings of distress in the person’s mind.

What are its main signs and symptoms?

The main signs and symptoms of OCD are:

  • Mental images urges, and repeated thoughts that cause anxiety
  • Excessive taboo thoughts including religion and sex
  • Checking on things repeatedly, for example, to see if the gas is off or to see if the door is locked, hundreds of times in a day
  • Having things set in perfect order, in a symmetrical pattern or in a very particular and precise way
  • Compulsive counting
  • Tic disorder: sudden, repetitive motor movements like shoulder shrugging, eye blinking, shoulder jerking and facial frowning. Vocal tics like making grunting sounds, throat clearing and sniffing repetitively.
  • Aggressive thoughts towards self or others
  • Fear of contamination or germs leading to excessive handwashing or cleaning

What are the main causes?

The main causes of OCD are:

  • Abnormalities in the brain
  • Environment
  • Communication failures between different parts of the brain
  • Genetic factors
  • Abnormally low levels of serotonin

How is it diagnosed and treated?

OCD is diagnosed by conducting a psychiatric and a physical examination. The doctor will ask how much of the following symptoms of obsession and compulsion interfere with daily life, take up at least an hour of the day or become distressing.

Following methods are used to treat OCD:

  • Medications: Antidepressant medications are usually prescribed to help restore the balance of chemicals in the brain. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are prescribed to increase serotonin levels in the brain that help control OCD symptoms
  • Psychological therapy: This therapy helps control obsessive thoughts and fears
  • Deep brain stimulation (DBS): This treatment is used to treat patients who have had OCD for at least five years where the brain is stimulated with mild electric currents using electrodes
  1. Medicines for Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
  2. Doctors for Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
Dr. Saurabh Mehrotra

Dr. Saurabh Mehrotra

मनोचिकित्सा

Dr. Om Prakash L

Dr. Om Prakash L

मनोचिकित्सा

Dr. Anil Kumar

Dr. Anil Kumar

मनोचिकित्सा

Medicines for Obsessive Compulsive Disorder

Medicines listed below are available for Obsessive Compulsive Disorder. Please note that you should not take any medicines without doctor consultation. Taking any medicine without doctor's consultation can cause serious problems.

Medicine NamePack SizePrice (Rs.)
Pari TabletPari 10 Mg Tablet108
FludacFludac 10 Mg Capsule24
Oleanz PlusOleanz Plus 20 Mg/5 Mg Tablet72
FloxinFloxin 40 Mg Tablet0
Olipar PlusOlipar Plus 20 Mg/5 Mg Tablet60
FloxiwaveFLOXIWAVE 20MG CAPSULE 10S28
Oltha PlusOltha Plus Tablet53
Fludep (Cipla)Fludep 20 Mg Capsule28
Flugen (La Pharma)Flugen 20 Mg Capsule32
Flumusa ForteFlumusa Forte 0.25 Mg Tablet33
FlunamFlunam 20 Mg Capsule0
FlunatFlunat 10 Mg Capsule26
FluonFluon Cream28
Fluon (Parry)Fluon Lotion32
FluoxFluox 20 Mg Capsule4
FluoxetFluoxet 10 Mg Tablet14
FlutinFlutin 20 Mg Capsule0
FlutineFlutine 10 Mg Capsule28
FlutopFlutop 10 Mg Capsule25
Flux (Aarpik)Flux 20 Mg Capsule27
FluxaterFluxater 20 Mg Capsule20
Olanex PlusOLANEX PLUS 10MG TABLET96
FluzeFluze 20 Mg Capsule30
F TinF Tin 10 Mg Tablet23
HidacHidac 20 Mg Capsule111

Do you or anyone in your family have this disease? Please do a survey and help others

References

  1. University of Rochester Medical Center Rochester, NY. [Internet] Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
  2. National Health Service [Internet]. UK; Obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD).
  3. National Institute of Mental Health [Internet] Bethesda, MD; Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder. National Institutes of Health; Bethesda, Maryland, United States
  4. Mental Health. Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder. U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, Washington, D.C. [Internet]
  5. Office on Women's Health [Internet] U.S. Department of Health and Human Services; Obsessive-compulsive disorder.
  6. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia: US National Library of Medicine; Obsessive-compulsive disorder
  7. Better health channel. Department of Health and Human Services [internet]. State government of Victoria; Obsessive compulsive disorder
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