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What is peripheral neuropathy?

The peripheral nervous system is a communication system within the body which involves the exchange of signals between the central nervous system, viz. brain and spinal cord, and other parts of the body. These signals may include sensory messages like cold hands, signals for muscle contraction which help in body movement, and others. Damage to the peripheral nervous system is called peripheral neuropathy.

What are its main signs and symptoms?

The signs and symptoms may vary based on which nerve is damaged.

  • Damage to the motor nerve
    It causes muscle cramps, muscle weakness, twitching and shrinking of the muscle.
  • Damage to the sensory nerve
    It causes an inability to feel sensations like touch, pain and temperature changes, and difficulty in motor coordination like walking, fastening buttons, etc.
  • Damage to the autonomic nerve
    It causes altered sweating, heat intolerance, and other problems related to internal organs.

What are the main causes?

The most prevalent cause of peripheral neuropathy is diabetes. Other causes include health conditions listed below:

How is it diagnosed and treated?

The diagnosis of peripheral neuropathy involves the following:

  • Blood test to detect diabetes or vitamin deficiency.
  • Nerve conduction tests.
  • Imaging techniques like X-ray, CT scan and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) test.
  • Electromyography.
  • Nerve biopsy.

Treatment of peripheral neuropathy is done by treating the cause as well as managing the symptoms. The following are the commonly used methods of treatment:

  • Treating and managing diabetes.
  • Injections or oral supplements of vitamins.
  • Stopping the intake of a medicine, if it is the cause.
  • Corticosteroids.
  • Immunoglobulin injections.
  • Immunosuppressants.
  • Medications like painkillers to treat the nerve pain.
  • Wearing socks and shoes at all times helps prevent injuries to the foot due to reduced sensations.
  1. Medicines for Peripheral Neuropathy
  2. Doctors for Peripheral Neuropathy
Dr. Virender K Sheorain

Dr. Virender K Sheorain

न्यूरोलॉजी

Dr. Vipul Rastogi

Dr. Vipul Rastogi

न्यूरोलॉजी

Dr. Sushil Razdan

Dr. Sushil Razdan

न्यूरोलॉजी

Medicines for Peripheral Neuropathy

Medicines listed below are available for Peripheral Neuropathy. Please note that you should not take any medicines without doctor consultation. Taking any medicine without doctor's consultation can cause serious problems.

Medicine NamePack SizePrice (Rs.)
G NeuroG Neuro 75 Mg/750 Mcg Capsule83
Pregeb MPregeb M 150 Capsule200
MethycobalMethycobal Tablet96
Pregalin MPregalin M 1500 Mcg/150 Mg Tablet200
Milcy ForteMilcy Forte Tablet0
NeuroxetinNeuroxetin 20 Mg/0.5 Mg Capsule37
GabaGaba 300 Mg Tablet75
Mecobion PMecobion P 750 Mcg/150 Mg Tablet68
Rejunuron DlRejunuron Dl 30 Mg/750 Mg Capsule52
GabacapGABACAP 100MG CAPSULE 10S0
Mecoblend PMecoblend P Tablet72
Dulane MDulane M 20 Mg/1.5 Mg Tablet81
GabacentGabacent 100 Mg Tablet0
Neurodin GNeurodin G 300 Mg/1500 Mcg Tablet72
Mecofort PgMecofort Pg Capsule0
Dumore MDumore M Capsule103
GabacipGabacip 300 Mg Capsule0
Neuro GmNeuro Gm 300 Mg/500 Mcg Tablet79
DuotopDuotop 20 Mg/1.5 Mg Tablet46
GabajetGabajet 300 Mcg Tablet72
Duvanta ForteDuvanta Forte Capsule66
GabaleptGabalept 300 Mg Capsule129
Mecorik PgMecorik Pg Capsule108
Duvanta NpDuvanta Np 20 Mg/500 Mcg Tablet38
GabapaxGabapax 100 Mg Tablet40

Do you or anyone in your family have this disease? Please do a survey and help others

References

  1. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke [internet]. US Department of Health and Human Services; Peripheral Neuropathy Fact Sheet.
  2. National Health Service [Internet]. UK; Peripheral neuropathy.
  3. The Foundation for Peripheral Neuropathy [Internet]: Buffalo Grove, IL; What Is Peripheral Neuropathy?
  4. National Health Service [Internet]. UK; Causes.
  5. National Health Service [Internet]. UK; Diagnosis.
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