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What are scars?

Scars are permanent patches that appear on the skin after healing of a wound. They are formed after the body heals a cut, scrape, or burn; apart from these, even skin diseases, such as chickenpox and acne leave behind some scars upon healing. Scars appear pinkish or reddish and shiny and are raised over the normal skin.

What are its main signs and symptoms?

Depending on the type, impact, and extent of injuries, these scars have different shapes, sizes, and appearance.

  • Hypertrophic Scars

    • Raised from the skin
    • Red or pinkish in colour
    • Within the boundary of the injury
  • Keloids

    • Raised from the skin
    • Reddish brownish in colour
    • Spread over the normal skin
  • Acne Scars

    • Appear or remain after severe acne

  • Contracture Scars

    • Appear over burn injuries
    • Skin becomes tight and contracted
    • Reduced movement over the affected area and may affect muscles and nerves

What are the main causes?

Whenever there is an injury to the skin and the tissue breaks open, the collagen protein is released and aggregates at the site of injury. It starts healing the wound and strengthens the clots. If the injury is relatively large, formation and deposition of this collagen fibres may continue for several days, and it appears to be thick, raised, reddish, and lumpy.

There are no specific causes for these scars, but they are more likely to occur over large injuries, cuts, burns, and sometimes after surgeries. People who are old or have darker skin are more prone to developing scars.

How is it diagnosed and treated?

Usually, a proper medical history and thorough clinical examination help in the diagnosis. It also hints towards what type of scar it is. Nevertheless, a skin biopsy (biopsy of the scar tissue) is performed sometimes to confirm the diagnosis.

It is difficult to remove these scars completely, but a majority of them fade away on their own over a couple of years. Certain treatment modalities help in removing these scars earlier or make them look less visible:

  • Applying silicone gels locally over the scar
  • Injecting steroids over and around the scar tissue to reduce the size of the scars
  • Performing surgeries, such as excision of the scar or skin grafting
  • Receiving laser therapy (vascular laser) to flatten the raised scar and sometimes ablative laser therapy to remove them.

 

  1. How to remove scars
  2. Medicines for Scars

Medicines for Scars

Medicines listed below are available for Scars. Please note that you should not take any medicines without doctor consultation. Taking any medicine without doctor's consultation can cause serious problems.

Medicine NamePack SizePrice (Rs.)
ADEL 56 Habifac DropADEL 56 Habifac Drop200
ADEL Graphites DilutionADEL Graphites Dilution 1000 CH144
Dr. Reckeweg Graphites DilutionDr. Reckeweg Graphites Dilution 1000 CH170
Schwabe Graphites PentarkanSchwabe Graphites Pentarkan 128
SBL Graphites OintmentSBL Graphites Gel 44
ADEL 9 Co-Hypert DropADEL 9 Cri-Regen Drop200
Bjain Graphites TabletBjain Graphites Tablet 3X679
Schwabe Topi Graphites CreamSchwabe Topi Graphites Cream 52
Schwabe Graphites LMSchwabe Graphites 0/1 LM80
SBL Tamus communis DilutionSBL Tamus communis Dilution 1000 CH86
Omeo Slim DropsOmeo Slim Drops 111
SBL Graphites DilutionSBL Graphites Dilution 1000 CH86
Bjain Tamus communis DilutionBjain Tamus communis Dilution 1000 CH63
Omeo Graphites OintmentOmeo Graphites Ointment 47
Schwabe Tamus communis CHSchwabe Tamus communis 1000 CH96
SBL Graphites Trituration TabletSBL Graphites Trituration Tablet 3X 120
Bjain Graphites DilutionBjain Graphites Dilution 1000 CH63
Dr. Reckeweg R13Dr. Reckeweg R13 176
Schwabe Graphites CHSchwabe Graphites 1000 CH96
Schwabe Graphites LATTSchwabe Graphites Trituration Tablet 3X88
Dr. Reckeweg R56Dr. Reckeweg R56 176
Dr. Reckeweg R59Dr. Reckeweg R59 176
Dr. Reckeweg R65Dr. Reckeweg R65 199
SBL Graphites LMSBL Graphites 0/1 LM64
Schwabe Graphites GlobulesSchwabe Graphites Globules 200 CH20

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References

  1. National Health Service [Internet]. UK; Scars.
  2. Moetaz El-Domyati et al. Microneedling Therapy for Atrophic Acne Scars An Objective Evaluation . J Clin Aesthet Dermatol. 2015 Jul; 8(7): 36–42. PMID: 26203319
  3. American Academy of Dermatology. Rosemont (IL), US; Scars
  4. A Bayat et al. Skin scarring . BMJ. 2003 Jan 11; 326(7380): 88–92. PMID: 12521975
  5. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia: US National Library of Medicine; Scars
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