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Wrinkles are natural signs of skin ageing. While for most people, wrinkles start to show up between 40 years and 50 years of age, genes make some of us prone to premature wrinkles. Add to this the stress of modern life, and it’s not unusual to find 20-somethings worrying about fine lines on the forehead, deepening laugh lines and crow's feet around their eyes.

Unless you want to go under the knife or opt for botox injection or chemical peeling, it is hard to get rid of wrinkles completely. You can, however, slow down their progression and delay these ageing signs a bit. Read on to know how.

  1. What are wrinkles and how are they formed?
  2. What causes wrinkles?
  3. Home remedies for wrinkles
  4. Egg membrane face mask for wrinkles
  5. Aloe vera for wrinkles
  6. How to lighten wrinkles with coconut oil
  7. Lemon and honey face mask for wrinkles
  8. Vitamin E and almond and milk face pack for wrinkles
  9. Banana mask to reduce wrinkles
  10. Face massage for wrinkles - Egg white for wrinkles in Hindi
  11. Argan oil for wrinkle control

Wrinkles are ridges or folds of skin that form as the skin loses moisture with age. Human skin has three distinct layers: the outermost layer is called the epidermis; the middle layer, dermis; and the innermost subcutaneous layer. Every time you form a facial expression and move your facial muscles, it leaves a crinkle in your skin.

Now young people have enough moisture in their skin along with two proteins called collagen (maintains the structure of the skin) and elastin (maintains skin elasticity) that quickly heal the crinkle and make your skin look smooth again. However, with age, your skin starts to lose its natural reserves of these proteins and as a result, is unable to smoothen its lines. As you use more of the same muscle, these lines gradually deepen and show up as wrinkles.

Additionally, your subcutaneous layer (just below the skin surface) has fat deposits, which keep your skin plump. These deposits too diminish with age and your skin starts to sag under the effect of gravity.

Read more: Home remedies to prevent sagging

Now that we know the internal causes of wrinkles, aka ageing, let us consider some extrinsic factors that can make you prone to wrinkles:

  • Prolonged exposure to sunlight: Ever wondered why the first wrinkles show up on the exposed parts of the body - the face and neck? UV rays damage the elastin fibre in your skin and promote the formation of free radicles in the body. Together, these factors lead to skin wrinkles. Those who have a lighter skin tone are more prone to UV damage than those with a dark skin tone.
  • Unhealthy diet and smoking: Apart from sunlight, an unhealthy diet and smoking also make your skin to crease at a younger age.
  • Frowning and scowling: If you tend to frown or scowl a lot, it may be the reason behind your wrinkles.
  • Heavy air pollution: Exposure to pollutants like ground-level ozone (O3) and fine particulate matter can cause oxidative stress. According to research published in Frontiers in Pharmacology, a peer-reviewed journal, in July 2019, "O3 (also) depletes the reserves of both enzymatic and non-enzymatic antioxidants in the skin and decreases vitamin C and E levels." The same research goes on to say that exposure to O3 decreases the level of sirtuin 3 protein in the body which helps to eliminate free radicals. Free radicals can cause damage to the cells and hasten ageing.

So you've tried everything and you still have those pesky fine lines. No worries. Here are some simple recipes you can whip up and try at home to keep wrinkles from getting worse and give your skin a youthful glow:

Egg membrane, the thin transparent layer that separates the egg from its shell, has been proven to be effective in filling up stubborn wrinkles. This happens because of the antioxidant properties of egg membrane, which protects the skin from free radical damage and keeps it young. 

Free radicals are unstable oxygen atoms, which are formed in our body as a by-product of metabolism. With age, the number of these free radicals keeps on increasing and the accumulation of these radicals causes oxidative damage, which is what leads to ageing. Antioxidants neutralise the free radicals and hence slow down the ageing process.

Here is how you can use egg membrane:

Ingredients:

  • 2 eggs

How to use:

  • Crack the eggs carefully in a bowl to expose the thin membrane.
  • Gently, peel the membrane off.
  • Put the membrane as tiny patches on wrinkled skin.
  • Let it sit for 15-20 minutes.
  • Remove and wash with lukewarm water.

If you are feeling lazy and want to separate the membrane on your own, just buy a cream that contains egg membranes and you are good to go.

Aloe vera gel is an excellent emollient - it softens the skin. It helps restore and retain skin moisture, thereby making your skin look plump. Studies have shown that oral supplements of the aloe vera plant can increase elastin, collagen and the moisture content of the skin in people above the age of 40. This is because of the presence of certain compounds called sterols in aloe gel. Aloe also has antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties that can delay the signs of ageing.

Here is how you can use aloe vera to tackle your wrinkle problem:

Ingredients:

How to use:

  • Take a spoon full of aloe vera gel and mix it with a few drops of rose water in a clean bowl.
  • Gently massage the mixture on the wrinkle prone area.
  • Let it sit for 15-20 minutes and then wash it off with room-temperature water.

Oral supplements of aloe gel are available in the market. However, it is best to consult a doctor before taking any supplements. Rose water is a good astringent and has antioxidant properties, which also help to delay the signs of ageing.

Read more: Aloe vera gel benefits for skin

Coconut oil is one of the best and most easily available remedies for fine line and wrinkles. Studies suggest that coconut oil is a natural antioxidant. So it may reduce the effect of sun damage on your skin and will also help retain moisture in your skin.

Here is how you can use coconut oil:

Ingredients:

  • Coconut oil

How to use:

  • Take a bit of coconut oil in one hand.
  • Now, with the help of your fingers, gently rub the oil over all the wrinkle-prone areas.
  • Make sure to move your hands in a circular motion.
  • You can either apply the oil during the day immediately after you take a bath or let it sit overnight. (If you apply it during the day, make sure you let the skin absorb it completely before you go out. An oily face can attract dirt and lead to blackheads and other problems.)

Read more: Get rid of blackheads with this simple remedy

Both lemon and honey have various benefits for the skin. While honey is a natural humectant (preserves moisture), lemon is one of the best sources of vitamin C, which is a natural antioxidant and is responsible for maintaining the elastin and collagen levels in the skin. Honey also promotes tissue repair and provides nourishment to the skin.

Here is how you can make the mask:

Ingredients:

  • A few drops of lemon juice
  • A tablespoon of honey

How to use:

  • Take the honey in a clean bowl.
  • Put the lemon juice in it and mix well to make a homogenous mixture.
  • Apply an even layer of this paste all over your face or on the wrinkle-prone areas.
  • Let it stay for about 30 minutes.
  • Wash with lukewarm water.

If the mixture is too thick, you can add a bit of rose water to get a consistency that is easier to spread on your face. Rose water is an excellent astringent and antioxidant. It helps fight ageing and also helps moisturise and tone your skin.

Vitamin E is probably the best-known remedy for ageing skin around the world. First, it regulates the skin barrier, the outer most layer of skin, which is responsible for retaining the natural oils and moisture in the skin.

Second, it acts as an antioxidant and helps reverse some of the harmful effects of sunlight on the skin (photoageing).

And finally, it reduces inflammation and provides a glow to your skin.

Fortunately, you don’t need a lot of this vitamin - a little bit can have lasting benefits for your skin. So, you can buy an antiageing cream and apply it on your wrinkle-prone skin. Most such cosmetics have around 0.1% of vitamin E in them. Make sure to check the label before use.

Alternatively, you can use vitamin E tablets or foods rich in vitamin E to make an anti-wrinkle pack at home. Here are two recipes you can use:

Recipe 1: Vitamin E, aloe vera gel and honey paste

Ingredients:

  • A vitamin E capsule
  • A few drops of aloe vera gel
  • A teaspoon of honey

How to use:

  • Mix the honey and aloe vera gel in a bowl.
  • Open the vitamin E capsule and pour all of its contents into the bowl.
  • Mix once more to blend the oil with the honey and aloe vera mix.
  • Apply a thin layer of this mixture on your skin.
  • Let it sit for 20 minutes.
  • Wash with lukewarm water.

Recipe 2: Almonds and milk face pack

Ingredients:

How to use:

  • Crush the almonds to a powder-like consistency.
  • Mix with just enough milk to form a fine paste.
  • Apply the paste to your wrinkle-prone areas and let it dry for about 15-20 minutes.
  • Wash with normal water.

Milk also gives that soft and supple glow to your skin, making it look clear and youthful. Make sure you are using pasteurised milk.

While there aren’t enough studies to prove or disprove the benefits of banana for reducing wrinkles, this fruit is packed with vitamins and antioxidants that may counter some of the effects of photoageing and protect your skin from the damaging effects of UV rays.  Also, banana hydrates and nourishes your skin, making it look younger.

Here are two ways in which you can include banana in your anti-ageing routine:

Recipe 1: Mashed banana mask

Ingredients:

  • One-fourth banana

How to use it:

  • Mash the banana properly in a bowl to make an even paste.
  • Apply the paste on the affected areas of your skin or on your whole face.
  • Leave it on for 20 minutes and wash with lukewarm water.

Recipe 2: Banana and multani mitti mask

Ingredients:

  • A piece of banana
  • 1 teaspoon fuller’s earth or multani mitti.

How to use it:

  • Puree of a banana in a blender.
  • Add the puree to a teaspoon of fuller’s earth. You can also change the amount of fuller’s earth. The idea is to make a thick paste.
  • Scrub your face and apply this paste as a mask.
  • Let it dry completely.
  • Wash with cold water.
  • For maximum benefit, try to use this paste once a week. 

Fuller’s earth absorbs all the extra oils from your skin, making it look clean and refreshed.

People with dry skin can add some milk or coconut milk to the second recipe, since it has some healthy fats which promote skin health and keep wrinkles at bay.

You can use a gentle store-bought scrub or a home-made mixture of brown sugar and virgin coconut oil to scrub your face before applying the mask. 

Massage is a hassle-free way to reduce wrinkles. It improves blood circulation and increases the oxygen supply to your skin. You can either massage your face with your fingers or use a massaging device. A 2017 study indicated that massaging your face once a day with handheld massagers starts slowing down wrinkle formation within 10 days.

While massaging may not make your wrinkles disappear miraculously, regularly massaging your face and neck may help to slow down wrinkle formation. Massaging also reduces stress, which is one of the major factors responsible for premature ageing of skin.

Ingredients:

  • Oil of your choice: you can use olive oil, coconut oil or grapeseed oil

How to use:

  • Wash your face with a mild cleanser and pat it dry.
  • Rub the oil between your fingers and gently massage it in your face in small circular motions.
  • Don’t put extra pressure as it is unnecessary.
  • You can make this a nighttime ritual or do it anytime during the day.

Grapeseed oil has antimicrobial properties which also make it an effective remedy for acne. Plus, the polyphenols in grapeseed are great antioxidants that help to reduce the effects of air pollution on the skin.

Argan oil has proven benefits for skin elasticity, especially after menopause. Post-menopausal women quickly lose both collagen and elastin due to lack of estrogen. Argan oil also acts as a moisturiser and helps maintain the skin barrier, making your skin look soft and supple.

Additionally, this oil contains ample amounts of vitamin E which has anti-ageing properties. To get the maximum benefit from argan oil, you can either consume it or apply it on your skin in the following way:

Ingredients:

  • A few drops of argan oil
  • A teaspoon of honey

How to use:

  • Mix the honey and argan oil to make a paste.
  • Apply a thin even layer of this paste on your skin.
  • Let it sit for 20 minutes.
  • Wash with lukewarm water.
  • Alternatively, you can just massage your skin with argan oil.
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References

  1. Nemours Children’s Health System [Internet]. Jacksonville (FL): The Nemours Foundation; c2017; What Are Wrinkles?
  2. Better health channel. Department of Health and Human Services [internet]. State government of Victoria; Wrinkles
  3. Jensen Gitte S, Shah Bijal,Holtz Robert, Patel Ashok, and Lo Donald C. Reduction of facial wrinkles by hydrolyzed water-soluble egg membrane associated with reduction of free radical stress and support of matrix production by dermal fibroblasts. Clin Cosmet Investig Dermatol. 2016; 9: 357–366. PMID: 27789968.
  4. Tanaka Miyuki, et al. Aloe sterol supplementation improves skin elasticity in Japanese men with sunlight-exposed skin: a 12-week double-blind, randomized controlled trial. Clin Cosmet Investig Dermatol. 2016; 9: 435–442. PMID: 27877061.
  5. Tanaka Miyuki, et al. Effects of plant sterols derived from Aloe vera gel on human dermal fibroblasts in vitro and on skin condition in Japanese women. Clin Cosmet Investig Dermatol. 2015; 8: 95–104. PMID: 25759593.
  6. Keen Mohammad Abid and Hassan Iffat. Vitamin E in dermatology. Indian Dermatol Online J. 2016 Jul-Aug; 7(4): 311–315. PMID: 27559512.
  7. Pereira A, Maraschin M. Banana (Musa spp) from peel to pulp: ethnopharmacology, source of bioactive compounds and its relevance for human health. J Ethnopharmacol. 2015;160:149–163. PMID: 25449450.
  8. Sampath Kumar K. P., Bhowmik Debjit, Duraivel S., and Umadevi M. Traditional and Medicinal Uses of Banana . Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry. 2012; 1(3): 51-63.
  9. Caberlotto Elisa, et al. Effects of a skin-massaging device on the ex-vivo expression of human dermis proteins and in-vivo facial wrinkles. PLoS One. 2017; 12(3): e0172624. PMID: 28249037.
  10. Boucetta Kenza, et al. The effect of dietary and/or cosmetic argan oil on postmenopausal skin elasticity. Clin Interv Aging. 2015; 10: 339–349. PMID: 25673976.
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