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What is a bone spur?

A bone spur is a tiny bony growth, which develops on the bone edges, mainly in the joints where bones meet each other. Bone spurs can also grow on the spine. Their presence puts an increased pressure on the spine or the affected joint.

Usually, bone spurs develop in the region of inflammation or injury near the cartilage or tendons. Common locations for bone spur development are:

  • Sole of the heel bone of the foot- These are also known as heel spurs. They are usually painful.
  • Hands- Bone spurs can develop in the finger joints causing loss of movement.
  • Shoulder – Bone spurs lead to inflammation of tendons (tendonitis) as they rub against the tendons and muscles of the shoulder’s rotator cuff, thus, restricting the motion of the shoulder.
  • Spine – Narrowing of the spine, called spinal stenosis, occurs due to bone spurs. This results in pain, numbness, and weakness in the legs due to impingement of the nerves.
  • Hip and knees – Bone spurs may cause pain in these areas affecting the range of motion.

What are its main signs and symptoms?

At times, bone spurs may not be associated with any symptoms. But, when symptoms develop, they depend on the location. Bone spurs can cause pain, numbness, and tenderness in the affected area due to irritation of the nearby tissues, tendons, nerves or skin.

Bone spurs in the heel can cause difficulty in walking, along with, tenderness and swelling. At times, the entire sole is inflamed, if the bone spur is at the bottom of the heel.

Bone spurs in the spine can cause impingement of nerves, which results in numbness, tingling, and pain in the body part supplied by that particular nerve.

When a bone spur is silent and does not cause any symptoms; it can show up in X-ray tests that are performed for other reasons.

What are its main causes?

Bone spurs commonly form at sites of inflammation and pressure.

Osteoarthritis, a common degenerative joint disease, is the most common cause of formation of a bone spur. It is a common condition in elderly people. As we age, wear and tear of cartilage occur; this causes the bone mass to drop down. In an attempt to repair the loss, the body develops bone spurs.

How is it diagnosed and treated?

During the examination, your doctor may palpate near the joint to locate the exact area of pain. The doctor will then ask you to get an X-ray for that particular area. Other imaging tests like MRI scan, CT scan, and myelogram are performed if needed.

On confirming the diagnosis, the doctor might prescribe few over-the-counter medicines to control the pain and inflammation. Local cold application on the area may reduce discomfort.

Shoe inserts for the heel spur are advised initially; surgery may be needed to relieve persistent pain.

You may be advised to rest, undergo physical therapy, and activity modification. Surgery is advised if the spur presses on nerves and causes severe pain.

(Read more: Bone pain causes)

  1. Medicines for Bone Spur
  2. Doctors for Bone Spur
Dr. Vivek Dahiya

Dr. Vivek Dahiya

ओर्थोपेडिक्स

Dr. Vipin Chand Tyagi

Dr. Vipin Chand Tyagi

ओर्थोपेडिक्स

Dr. Vineesh Mathur

Dr. Vineesh Mathur

ओर्थोपेडिक्स

Medicines for Bone Spur

Medicines listed below are available for Bone Spur. Please note that you should not take any medicines without doctor consultation. Taking any medicine without doctor's consultation can cause serious problems.

Medicine NamePack SizePrice (Rs.)
BrufenBRUFEN 400MG/2MG CAPSULE18
CombiflamCOMBIFLAM 60ML SYRUP0
Ibugesic PlusIBUGESIC PLUS 60ML SUSPENSION20
TizapamTizapam 400 Mg/2 Mg Tablet42
Espra XnESPRA XN 500MG TABLET 10S104
LumbrilLumbril Tablet16
TizafenTizafen 400 Mg/2 Mg Capsule53
EndacheEndache Gel47
FenlongFenlong 400 Mg Capsule21
Ibuf PIbuf P Tablet11
IbugesicIBUGESIC 200MG TABLET 10S7
IbuvonIbuvon 100 Mg Suspension8
Ibuvon (Wockhardt)Ibuvon Syrup9
IcparilIcparil 400 Mg Tablet23
MaxofenMaxofen Tablet5
TricoffTricoff Syrup48
AcefenAcefen 100 Mg/125 Mg Tablet23
Adol TabletAdol 200 Mg Tablet33
BruriffBruriff 400 Mg Tablet4
EmflamEmflam 400 Mg Injection5
Fenlong (Skn)Fenlong 200 Mg Tablet16
FlamarFLAMAR 3D TABLET174
IbrumacIbrumac 200 Mg Tablet3

Do you or anyone in your family have this disease? Please do a survey and help others

References

  1. Oregon Health & Science University [Internet].Oregon; Foot and Ankle Video Resources.
  2. Oregon Health & Science University [Internet]. Oregon; Hand and Upper Extremity Video Resources.
  3. G. L. Gallucci et al. Extensor Tendons Rupture after Volar Plating of Distal Radius Fracture Related to a Dorsal Radial Metaphyseal Bone Spur. Published online 2018 Feb 28. PMID: 29682379
  4. Orthoinfo [internet]. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, Rosemont IL. Plantar Fasciitis and Bone Spurs.
  5. National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases; [Internet]. U.S. National Library of Medicine. Osteoarthritis

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