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What are cold sores?

Cold sores are small blisters filled with fluid, which can rupture or scab off eventually. Although most commonly seen on the corners of the mouth, they can be spotted on other parts of the face, hands or other areas of the body.

The infection is caused by a virus and is contagious.

What are its main signs and symptoms?

  • Before the sore actually appears, you will feel some discomfort at that spot. Itching or burning are common sensations that you will experience, in addition to mild pain on touching the spot.
  • Once completely formed, the sore has a fluid-filled centre containing a yellowish fluid, which oozes out if pressed.
  • When the blister ruptures, it leaves behind a small sore, which scabs off. These sores usually last for up to a week.
  • If the viral infection is too severe, you may develop a fever, lymph node swelling and gum discomfort along with these sores.
  • Cold sores can spread to the genitals by oral sex.

What are its main causes?

  •  Herpes simplex virus (HSV) is the organism that causes cold sores. There are two types of HSV – HSV-1 and HSV-2.
  • HSV-1, otherwise called herpes simplex labialis, commonly affects the mouth and surrounding areas, while HSV-2 causes sores on or around the genitalia.
  • The virus can be transmitted from person to person by kissing and sharing towels, lip balm, utensils and other personal items.
  • Recurrence is common since the virus remains dormant in the nerves. This is triggered by factors like a weak immune system, sun exposure, stress and hormonal fluctuations.

How is it diagnosed and treated?

  • The physician can usually make a diagnosis just by looking at the sores, and confirm by testing the fluid in the centre of the blister.
  • An infection will also elevate your white blood cell count.
  • Anti-viral medications are the key to treating cold sores.
  • The medicine can be prescribed as an oral pill, and in severe cases, like an injection.
  • Topical creams help to relieve the symptoms of itchiness and burning.
  • The patient is advised to avoid sharing any personal items and prevent contact through kissing and sexual intercourse.
  1. Medicines for Cold Sores

Medicines for Cold Sores

Medicines listed below are available for Cold Sores. Please note that you should not take any medicines without doctor consultation. Taking any medicine without doctor's consultation can cause serious problems.

Medicine NamePack SizePrice (Rs.)
Acicet TabletAcicet 200 Mg Tablet Dt49.0
AciherpinAciherpin 200 Mg Tablet57.0
AcivexAcivex 200 Mg Tablet Dt78.0
AxovirAxovir 250 Mg Injection258.0
Lovir (Eli Lilly)Lovir 400 Mg Tablet124.0
NeoclovirNeoclovir 250 Mg Injection218.0
TriclovirTriclovir 400 Mg Tablet120.0
TrikaseTrikase 800 Mg Tablet233.0
VazovirVazovir 500 Mg Injection670.0
Vir InjectionVir 250 Mg Injection471.0
AcivAciv 400 Mg Tablet110.0
AcivirAcivir 200 Mg Tablet Dt66.0
AclovirAclovir 200 Mg Tablet55.0
AtcAtc 800 Mg Capsule38.0
CyclopizCyclopiz 200 Mg Tablet55.0
DocvirDocvir 400 Mg Tablet Dt51.0
GlenviraxGlenvirax 200 Mg Tablet18.0
HerperaxHerperax 200 Mg Tablet36.0
HerpesafeHerpesafe 400 Mg Tablet Dt66.0
HerpexHerpex 100 Mg Tablet81.0
HerpikindHerpikind 200 Mg Tablet72.0
HerzovirHerzovir 250 Mg Injection465.0
LovirLovir 200 Mg Tablet365.0
NorbitaNorbita 400 Mg Tablet12.0
OcuvirOcuvir 120 Mg Suspension128.0
OptiviralOptiviral 200 Mg Tablet51.0
PsyvirPsyvir 400 Mg Tablet137.0
RivolRivol 200 Mg Tablet60.0
ViraxVirax 800 Mg Tablet211.0
ZosterZoster 5%W/W Cream15.0
ZoviraxZovirax 200 Mg Tablet33.0
ZovistarZovistar 200 Mg Tablet56.0
ZoylexZoylex 500 Mg Injection670.0
Zoylex RdZoylex Rd 250 Mg Injection529.0
RhovirRhovir 800 Mg Tablet204.0
ZovirZovir 400 Mg Tablet129.0
ClovirClovir 5% Ointment37.63
OpthovirOpthovir 3% Ointment46.66
SetuvirSetuvir 5% Cream36.4
ToxinexToxinex 3% Eye Ointment65.0
ViraVira Eye Ointment38.25
VirinoxVirinox 3% W/W Eye Ointment43.5
VirucidVirucid 3% Eye Ointment49.95
YavirYavir 3% Eye Ointment38.0
AcyclovirAcyclovir 5% W/W Eye Ointment67.17
ClovidermCloviderm 5% Ointment18.75
EyevirEyevir 3% Eye Ointment45.0
Primacort PlusPrimacort Plus 5% Cream66.67
Virax FcVirax Fc Tablet190.47
VirovirVirovir 250 Mg Tablet255.75
FamcimacFamcimac 250 Mg Tablet177.8
FamtrexFamtrex 250 Mg Tablet431.0
MicrovirMicrovir 250 Mg Tablet149.5
PenvirPenvir 250 Mg Tablet180.0
ValcetValcet 1000 Mg Tablet180.0
ValcivirValcivir 1000 Mg Tablet200.5
ZimivirZimivir 1000 Mg Tablet164.9
ValamacValamac 1000 Mg Tablet112.0
ValavirValavir 500 Mg Tablet113.0
ValtovalValtoval 1000 Mg Tablet182.0
Lysatone PlusLysatone Plus Syrup108.75
Aminodrip (Baxter India)Aminodrip Infusion124.53
LycypLycyp Syrup63.0
Peritol GPeritol G Drop15.67
Kabiven CentralKabiven Central Infusion3400.0
KabivenKabiven Peripheral Infusion3150.0
Kabiven PeripheralKabiven Peripheral Injection2995.0
HerminHermin Infusion464.15
AxbexAxbex Drop33.0
PrylaxPrylax Capsule129.0
NephrosterilNephrosteril Infusion488.0
PansoralPansoral Gel56.5
ADEL 33Adel 33 Apo Oedem Drop215.0
ADEL 54Adel 54 Cangust Drop215.0
Schwabe Alpha-MPAlpha Mp Drop86.0
ADEL Arundo Mauritanica DilutionArundo Mauritanica Dilution 1 M155.0
HadensaHadensa Capsule40.0
Dr. Reckeweg Latrodectus M DilutionLarrodectus Mactans Dilution 1 M155.0
ADEL Laurocerasus DilutionLaurocerasus Dilution 1 M155.0
PodowartPodowart Paint141.0
Dr. Reckeweg R2Reckeweg R2 Essentia Aurea Gold Drop200.0
Dr. Reckeweg R44Reckeweg R44 Disorders Of The Blood Circulation Drop200.0
Dr. Reckeweg R46Reckeweg R46 Rheumatism Drop200.0

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