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What is irritability?

Irritability implies an unjustified reaction. It is characterised by decreased control over temper, which usually results in snappy verbal or behavioural outbursts, although the mood may be present without observed manifestation. It may be prolonged, generalised or may occur in brief episodes. Irritability may be an expression of normal annoyance or may occur as a result of some underlying disorder.

What are its main signs and symptoms?

Common symptoms of irritability include:

  • Short temper
  • Excessive frustration

Symptoms of chronic and excessive irritability include:

  • Extreme reactions which are expressed over unrelated individuals
  • Unjustified reactions triggered by depression, stress and anxiety
  • Stress occurs as a result of chronic irritability
  • Distress to patient, relatives and associates at the workplace

What are the main causes?

Irritability may not always be the result of an underlying condition. It can also be caused by regular annoyance, repeated provocation or chronic stress.

Common causes of irritability are:

  • Diseases such as polycystic ovarian syndrome, menopause, hyperthyroidism, toothaches, flu and ear infection.
  • Mental disorders such as stress, anxiety, depression, bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, attention deficit hyperactivity and autism. It is commonly observed in teenagers and adolescents.
  • Children may also show symptoms of irritability in association with defiant behaviour.
  • Irritability is prominently observed among women during premenstrual, perinatal and perimenopausal periods.
  • Workaholic life is also seen to be linked with irritability.
  • Chronic stress
  • Poor stress-management skills
  • Alcohol abuse

How is it diagnosed and treated?

Diagnosis is based on careful history and evaluation. Family members are also asked to give a history of symptoms, which is essential for diagnosis.

Your doctor may advise investigations for determining the underlying condition.

Treatment of irritability involves assessing and managing the underlying health condition and triggering factors.

Cognitive behavioural therapy and stress management techniques such as meditation and mindfulness are recommended for treating irritability.

Your doctor may prescribe medications such as antidepressants and mood-stabilising agents.

Relaxation techniques are useful in overcoming irritability, which include:

  • Indulging in physical activities such as walking and swimming
  • Reading books, listening to music
  • Breathing exercise


  1. Medicines for Irritability
  2. Doctors for Irritability
Dr. Krish Jivani

Dr. Krish Jivani

सामान्य चिकित्सा

Dr. Manoz Marwin

Dr. Manoz Marwin

सामान्य चिकित्सा

Dr. Prathamesh Mangale

Dr. Prathamesh Mangale

सामान्य चिकित्सा

Medicines for Irritability

Medicines listed below are available for Irritability. Please note that you should not take any medicines without doctor consultation. Taking any medicine without doctor's consultation can cause serious problems.

Medicine NamePack SizePrice (Rs.)
IntalithIntalith 300 Mg Tablet15.0
LicabLicab 300 Mg Tablet15.0
LithexLithex 300 Mg Tablet16.0
LithicLithic 300 Mg Tablet14.0
LithocentLithocent 300 Mg Tablet20.0
LitholentLitholent 300 Mg Tablet15.0
LithonexLithonex 300 Mg Tablet14.0
LithosunLithosun 250 Mg Tablet144.0
ManicarbManicarb 300 Mg Tablet18.0
UnicarbUnicarb 150 Mg Injection1485.0
CarbolithCarbolith 300 Mg Tablet11.0
ElcabElcab 300 Mg Tablet14.0
Hethium (Mkp)Hethium 400 Mg Tablet24.0
LalithiumLalithium 300 Mg Tablet9.0
LiLi 450 Mg Tablet Sr30.0
LisaltLisalt 300 Mg Tablet17.0
LitcaLitca 300 Mg Tablet16.0
LithicabLithicab 300 Mg Tablet16.0
LithochikLithochik 300 Mg Tablet14.0
Litholite (Dig)Litholite 300 Mg Tablet11.0
LithonLithon 300 Mg Tablet9.0
LithopikLithopik 300 Mg Tablet18.0
LithorilLithoril 300 Mg Tablet14.0
LithowelLithowel Cr 450 Mg Tablet22.0
LithoxLithox 300 Mg Tablet10.0
LitmanLitman Sr 400 Mg Tablet25.0
MonolithMonolith 300 Mg Tablet12.0
MovalithMovalith 400 Mg Tablet31.0
OlithOlith 300 Mg Tablet13.0
T LithT Lith 300 Mg Tablet15.0
T Lith CrT Lith Cr 450 Mg Tablet23.0
TricabTricab 300 Mg Tablet15.0
TrilithTrilith 300 Mg Tablet11.0
Trilith (Ttn)Trilith 450 Mg Tablet28.0
Zecarb SrZecarb Sr 450 Mg Tablet17.0
AlkalithAlkalith 450 Mg Tablet Cr16.0
ZecarbZecarb 300 Mg Tablet10.0

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