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What is drug-induced CNS depression?

Depression of the central nervous system (CNS) refers to the slowing down of the body’s neurological functions performed by the brain and the spinal cord (which constitute the CNS). CNS depression can be caused due to drugs commonly known as CNS depressants. This category of drug includes tranquilizers, sedatives and substances, which tend to slow down the activity of the brain.

What are its main signs and symptoms?

The symptoms of CNS depression include:

  • Lack of coordination
  • Slurred speech and speech difficulty
  • Difficulty in conveying thoughts
  • Drowsiness
  • Lethargy
  • Mild confusion
  • Difficulty in breathing
  • Slower heart rate (if it is a case of severe depression)
  • Inability to take a decision
  • Problems in understanding instructions or words of others
  • Lack of response when needed
  • Behavioural problems
  • Avoiding conversations

In case of severe CNS depression, the individual may slip into a state of coma. In advanced stages, CNS depression can be fatal.

What are the main causes?

Drugs are a well-known cause of CNS depression. These drugs have an impact on the neurotransmitters (chemical compounds in the brain), which in turn result in the slowing down of the brain’s activity. The most common CNS depressants that can lead to CNS depression are:

  • Barbiturates (these drugs are not very commonly used but can be prescribed by the doctor in order to control severe anxiety or treat seizure disorders).
  • Sleep medications (Non-benzodiazepine sleep medications are prescribed to individuals with sleep disorders or difficulties. They reduce anxiousness and have fewer side effects).
  • Benzodiazepines (medications composed of benzodiazepines are prescribed to treat anxiety, nervousness, extreme stress reactions, and panic attacks. They calm the brain’s functions. However, these are not very commonly used since they pose a high risk of dependence and consequent addiction).

How is it diagnosed and treated?

Most of these drugs, if prescribed, are meant for the control of extreme symptoms like anxiety and sleep problems, which are interfering with the productivity of the person. CNS depression is mostly diagnosed clinically by the description of the symptoms.

In some cases, the doctor may assess the response rate and concentration after administering a small dose of the prescribed drug. Blood tests and CT scans are also effective for diagnosing CNS depression.

Based on the severity of the symptoms, the doctors may decrease the prescribed dosage slowly or stop it completely. The treatment largely depends on the reason why one has been taking these drugs.

In addition, consumption of alcohol must be avoided, since it may induce temporary euphoria (state of happiness) but ultimately leads to slowing down of the central nervous system.

  1. Medicines for Drug Induced CNS Depression

Medicines for Drug Induced CNS Depression

Medicines listed below are available for Drug Induced CNS Depression. Please note that you should not take any medicines without doctor consultation. Taking any medicine without doctor's consultation can cause serious problems.

Medicine NamePack SizePrice (Rs.)
DelokDelok 20 Mg Capsule82.0
DulaneDulane 20 Mg Capsule74.0
DulotinDulotin 10 Mg Tablet48.0
DulotDulot 20 Mg Capsule83.0
DuloxeeDuloxee 20 Mg Tablet54.0
DuvantaDuvanta 20 Mg Tablet67.0
DuxetDuxet 20 Mg Capsule74.0
DuzelaDuzela 20 Mg Capsule74.0
SymbalSymbal 20 Mg Tablet74.0
SymptaSympta 20 Mg Tablet62.0
AmbidextAmbidext 20 Mg Tablet58.0
CenduCendu 40 Mg Capsule79.0
CombacCombac 20 Mg Tablet47.0
DaxtinDaxtin 20 Mg Tablet43.0
DeneuronDeneuron 30 Mg Capsule59.0
DetekDetek 20 Mg Tablet45.0
DetineDetine 20 Mg Tablet43.0
DuletinDuletin 20 Mg Capsule45.0
DuleveDuleve 20 Mg Capsule47.0
DulifeDulife 20 Mg Capsule38.0
DulivaDuliva 30 Capsule140.0
DulojoyDulojoy 20 Mg Tablet41.0
DulorenDuloren 20 Mg Tablet70.0
DuloxinDuloxin 20 Mg Tablet48.0
DureepDureep 20 Mg Capsule47.0
DutinDutin 40 Mg Capsule84.0
DutronDutron 20 Mg Tablet48.0
DuxelDuxel 20 Mg Tablet55.0
DuzacDuzac 40 Mg Capsule80.0
DuzesDuzes 20 Mg Tablet58.0
DxtDxt 20 Mg Tablet41.0
JolydepJolydep 20 Mg Tablet49.0
LoxetLoxet 20 Mg Tablet63.0
LoxetineLoxetine 30 Mg Tablet129.0
SwentaSwenta 20 Mg Tablet68.0
Sylonex (Psyco)Sylonex 20 Mg Capsule48.0
SylonexSylonex 30 Mg Capsule77.0
UlozetUlozet 20 Mg Capsule44.0
VerloxVerlox 20 Mg Tablet58.0
XeldinXeldin 20 Mg Tablet50.0
2 Dep2 Dep 20 Mg Tablet49.0
DoloplanDoloplan 20 Mg Tablet48.0
DulxDulx 20 Mg Tablet45.0
NaxduNaxdu 30 Mg Tablet90.0
NudepNudep 20 Mg Tablet47.0
ZywormZyworm Suspension7.0
NeuroxetinNeuroxetin 20 Mg/0.5 Mg Capsule47.3
Rejunuron DlRejunuron Dl 30 Mg/750 Mg Capsule66.06
Dulane MDulane M 20 Mg/1.5 Mg Tablet93.0
Dumore MDumore M Capsule129.06
DuotopDuotop 20 Mg/1.5 Mg Tablet58.12
Duvanta ForteDuvanta Forte Capsule83.75
Duvanta NpDuvanta Np 20 Mg/500 Mcg Tablet76.0
Duxet MDuxet M 20 Mg/1500 Mcg Capsule68.0
Duzela MDuzela M 20 Mg/1.5 Mg Tablet93.0
Nerv DxNerv Dx Capsule54.18
Nervz DpnNervz Dpn Tablet104.66

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