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What are seizures?

Seizures, commonly termed as fits or convulsions, are a manifestation of physical findings and behavioural changes caused by sudden, multiple abnormal electrical discharges in the brain.

What are its main signs and symptoms?

Focal and generalised seizures, the two main types of seizures, are characterised by symptoms as below:

Focal seizures originate from one particular part of the brain. Symptoms associated with focal seizures are:

  • Sudden movement of any one part of the body
  • Change in consciousness resulting in repetitive movements and activities
  • Auras may be experienced
  • Hearing, smelling or tasting things that are not real

Symptoms associated with generalised seizures include:

  • Absence seizures: More common in children, where they may appear to be staring at an empty space or may have a brief loss of awareness along with subtle body movements.
  • Tonic seizures: Stiffness of muscles that may cause a fall. It is more common for the muscles of the back, arms and legs to be affected.
  • Clonic seizures: Jerky muscular movements, more commonly affecting the muscles of the face, neck and arms.
  • Tonic-clonic seizures: One may experience a combination of the symptoms of tonic seizures and clonic seizures.
  • Myoclonic seizures: Short jerky movements along with muscle twitching
  • Atonic seizures: One may collapse or fall due to loss of muscle control.

What are the main causes?

Like most neurological conditions, the clear cause of a seizure is unknown. The condition epilepsy is, however, the most common cause.

Other causes include:

How is it diagnosed and treated?

A thorough medical history, along with a number of investigations, aid in diagnosing seizures.

  • Blood tests to detect infections, genetic disorder, hormonal or electrolyte imbalance.
  • Lumbar puncture
  • Electroencephalogram
  • Neurological function tests
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
  • Positron emission tomography (PET) scan

Seizures may sometimes be a single occurrence and may not require any treatment.

If repetitive episodes of seizures occur, the doctor may prescribe anti-epileptic medications. Surgery may be required in certain cases. Diet modifications such as a high-fat, low-carbohydrate, ketogenic diet help in seizure treatment.

  1. Medicines for Seizures
  2. Doctors for Seizures
Dr. Swati Narang

Dr. Swati Narang


Dr. Megha Tandon

Dr. Megha Tandon


Dr. Shakti Mishra

Dr. Shakti Mishra


Medicines for Seizures

Medicines listed below are available for Seizures. Please note that you should not take any medicines without doctor consultation. Taking any medicine without doctor's consultation can cause serious problems.

Medicine NamePack SizePrice (Rs.)
AnxolAnxol 10 Mg Tablet22.0
CalmposeCalmpose 10 Mg Injection12.0
Dpm TabletDpm Tablet35.0
LoriLori 5 Mg Injection12.0
MediparMedipar Lotion60.0
MicrodepMicrodep 2 Mg Tablet7.0
PaxumPaxum 10 Mg Injection11.0
PepticaPeptica Gel44.0
PlacidoxPlacidox 10 Mg Tablet24.0
ValiumValium 10 Mg Tablet58.0
AlzepamAlzepam 10 Mg Tablet10.0
BioposeBiopose 5 Mg Tablet3.0
CalmodCalmod 5 Mg Tablet7.0
ClamposeClampose 5 Mg Tablet14.0
DekopamDekopam 5 Mg Tablet11.0
DiazewokDiazewok 5 Mg Injection5.0
DipaxDipax 10 Mg Tablet12.0
DizepDizep 10 Mg Injection9.0
Zenith D P M TabletZenith D P M Tablet 10 mg15.0
Dpm InjectionDpm Injection12.0
EquipamEquipam 10 Mg Tablet17.0
PeacinPeacin 5 Mg Tablet10.0
Quietal TabletQuietal 100 Mg Tablet5.0
RepamRepam 10 Mg Tablet11.0
ShipamShipam 5 Mg Injection12.0
SlipizemSlipizem 2.5 Mg Suppository45.0
StarliumStarlium 10 Mg Injection3.0
TensynTensyn Sr 40 Mg Tablet30.0
ZeposeZepose 10 Mg Tablet6.0
Diazepam 5 Mg TabletDiazepam 5 Mg Tablet2.0
DiazeDiaze 5 Mg Tablet2.0
DirecDirec 2 Mg Solution77.0
Dizep InjectionDizep Injection4.0
Domperidone (Makers)Domperidone Tablet17.0
Juniz RdsJuniz Rds 2.5 Mg Suppository42.0
QuietalQuietal 5 Mg Solution3.0
RelaxoRelaxo 5 Mg Tablet4.0
DepakoteDepakote 1000 Mg Tablet135.0
DesvalDesval 1000 Mg Tablet Er142.0
DicorateDicorate 1000 Mg Tablet Er140.0
DiproexDiproex 125 Mg Tablet80.0
DivaaDivaa 125 Mg Tablet29.0
TikoprexTikoprex 1000 Mg Tablet116.0
TrendTrend 250 Mg Tablet86.0
ValanceValance 125 Mg Tablet25.0
Valkem OdValkem Od 250 Mg Tablet61.0
AnteleptinAnteleptin 500 Mg Tablet95.0
Dilpra OdDilpra Od 1000 Mg Tablet118.0
DiprateDiprate Od 1000 Mg Tablet110.0
Dipro (Dd Pharma)Dipro 1000 Mg Tablet97.0
Dipro OdDipro Od 250 Mg Tablet57.0
DirestaDiresta 250 Mg Tablet44.0
DiscernDiscern 125 Mg Tablet89.0
DivacidDivacid 250 Mg Tablet Er58.0
Divacon (Maf)Divacon 125 Mg Tablet20.0
DivakonDivakon 500 Mg Tablet74.0
DivalcadDivalcad 250 Mg Tablet Er52.0
DivalepDivalep 250 Mg Tablet Er38.0
DivalexDivalex Od 1000 Mg Capsule120.0
DivalgressDivalgress 1000 Mg Tablet113.0
DivalidDivalid 1000 Mg Tablet Er100.0
DivalinDivalin 750 Mg Tablet120.0
DivalopDivalop 250 Mg Tablet38.0
DivaloxDivalox 1000 Mg Tablet Er114.0
Divalox DrDivalox Dr 1000 Mg Tablet96.0
DivalpridDivalprid Od 100 Mg Tablet43.0
DivalproDivalpro 250 Mg Tablet63.0
Di ValpDi Valp Valp 1000 Mg Tablet131.0
DivalrateDivalrate 125 Mg Tablet Er22.0
DivaltecDivaltec 250 Mg Tablet Er42.0
DivaxeeDivaxee Od 250 Mg Tablet49.0
DivellaDivella 250 Mg Tablet Er40.0
Divotek DrDivotek Dr 250 Mg Tablet45.0
DivoxDivox 1000 Mg Tablet16.0
DixvalDixval 250 Mg Tablet40.0
DvalDval 250 Mg Tablet36.0
MedovalMedoval 250 Mg Tablet62.0
ProvalProval 1000 Mg Tablet Er68.0
ProvalexProvalex 250 Er Tablet52.0
SeizpressSeizpress 250 Mg Tablet Er38.0
Soval DvxSoval Dvx 1000 Mg Tablet80.0
Spikalon DvSpikalon Dv 250 Mg Tablet Er72.0
TrivalTrival Cr 100 Mg Tablet29.0
Trival CrTrival Cr 500 Mg Tablet115.0
ValexValex 1000 Mg Tablet Er118.0
ValpValp 250 Mg Tablet Er58.0
Valrope ChronoValrope Chrono 200 Mg Tablet36.0
Vat Cr (Pulse)Vat Cr 200 Mg Tablet25.0
DevotDevot 500 Mg Tablet Xl75.0
DilpraDilpra 250 Mg Tablet44.0
DiporexDiporex Er 250 Mg Tablet54.0
DisorateDisorate 500 Mg Tablet72.0
Genval OdGenval Od 250 Mg Tablet45.0
TrudivalTrudival 500 Mg Tablet95.0
Valpret CrValpret Cr 500 Mg Tablet599.0
EpiliveEpilive 100 Mg Injection64.0
KeppraKeppra 1000 Mg Tablet423.0
LevacetamLevacetam 100 Mg Injection106.0
LeveraLevera 1000 Tablet273.0
LevesamLevesam 100 Mg Injection106.0
LevilexLevilex 100 Mg Injection130.0
LevipilLevipil 100 Mg Injection106.0
LevroxaLevroxa 1000 Mg Tablet353.0
LevtamLevtam 100 Mg Injection118.0
TorlevaTorleva 1000 Mg Tablet245.0
ConfilevConfilev 250 Mg Tablet52.0
EpitraEpitra 500 Mg Tablet105.0
FritolevFritolev 100 Mg Injection130.0
IctacetamIctacetam 1000 Mg Tablet220.0
KepraKepra 750 Mg Tablet115.0
LevecetamLevecetam 250 Mg Tablet53.0
LevefreeLevefree 500 Mg Tablet115.0
LevemexLevemex 100 Mg Injection107.0
LevenueLevenue 250 Mg Tablet56.0
LevepsyLevepsy 1000 Mg Tablet169.0
LevetrixLevetrix 250 Mg Tablet60.0
LevexxLevexx 250 Mg Tablet57.0
LevigressLevigress 1000 Mg Tablet208.0
LevipraLevipra 1000 Mg Tablet206.0
LevitamLevitam 250 Mg Tablet49.0
LevracetLevracet 250 Mg Tablet56.0
LivatiraLivatira 1000 Mg Tablet215.0
Livatira 100 Mg InjectionLivatira 100 Mg Injection160.0
Livatira 100 Mg SolutionLivatira 100 Mg Solution370.0
Livatira ErLivatira Er 1000 Mg Tablet240.0
NeoletNeolet 250 Mg Tablet63.0
Seiz FreeSeiz Free 1000 Mg Tablet210.0
VerocetVerocet 100 Mg Injection112.0
EpicetamEpicetam 250 Mg Tablet45.0
EpictalEpictal 250 Mg Tablet57.0
EpifastEpifast 250 Mg Tablet100.0
LevapieLevapie 500 Mg Tablet117.0
LevLev 500 Mg Tablet73.0
LevecadLevecad 250 Mg Tablet53.0
LevesureLevesure 250 Mg Tablet55.0
LevetasLevetas 500 Mg Tablet105.0
LeviteracetamLeviteracetam 500 Mg Tablet36.0
LysiprinLysiprin 500 Mg Tablet68.0
UleevUleev 250 Mg Tablet78.0
Encorate ChronoEncorate Chrono 200 Mg Tablet49.0
EncorateEncorate 100 Mg Injection28.0
EpilexEpilex 200 Mg Syrup65.0
EpivalEpival 200 Mg Syrup129.0
TorvateTorvate 1000 Mg Tablet65.0
ValparinValparin 200 Mg Tablet28.0
Valprol CrValprol Cr 200 Mg Tablet39.0
ValprolValprol 200 Mg Syrup53.0
ValrateValrate 200 Mg Tablet Cr40.0
Valtec CrValtec Cr 200 Mg Tablet34.0
Amvalor ChronoAmvalor Chrono 200 Mg Tablet39.0
ArkavalArkaval 200 Mg Tablet28.0
Biproate CrBiproate Cr 200 Mg/87 Mg Tablet28.25
Cinaval ChronoCinaval Chrono 200 Mg Tablet35.0
Epirate ChronoEpirate Chrono 200 Mg Tablet48.0
KronostarKronostar 200 Mg Tablet37.0
NavalinNavalin 200 Mg Tablet28.0
Navalin ChronoNavalin Chrono 199.8 Mg/87 Mg Tablet56.18
SolprateSolprate Cr 500 Tablet83.0
Soval ChronoSoval Chrono 200 Mg Tablet38.0
SovalSoval 200 Mg Tablet19.33
T Val CrT Val Cr 200 Mg Tablet31.0
ValVal 200 Mg Tablet19.2
ValeptolValeptol 200 Mg Tablet Cr39.0
ValgressValgress 200 Mg Tablet Cr32.0
Valox CrValox Cr 300 Mg Tablet61.0
ValparexValparex 200 Mg Tablet35.0
ValpexValpex 100 Mg Injection31.0
Valpex CrValpex Cr 500 Mg Tablet Cr77.0
ValpoValpo 200 Mg Tablet290.0
Valpo CrValpo Cr 200 Mg/87 Mg Tablet35.0
Valporate ChronoValporate Chrono 200 Mg Tablet54.0
ValporilValporil 200 Mg Tablet32.0
ValpridValprid 200 Mg Syrup51.0
Val XrVal Xr 300 Mg Tablet42.0
Vap CrVap Cr 200 Mg Tablet35.0
Vikorate ChronoVikorate Chrono 200 Mg Tablet37.05
Life CallLife Call 500 Mg Tablet67.0
NeoprateNeoprate 500 Mg/5 Ml Injection22.0
SenvalSenval 200 Mg Tablet35.0
ValcipValcip 200 Mg Tablet148.0
ValparValpar Tablet65.0
ValtecValtec 200 Mg Solution48.0
VelzeVelze 500 Mg Tablet59.0
VikorateVikorate Syrup134.0
AtoinAtoin 100 Mg Tablet147.06
C ToinC Toin 100 Mg Tablet120.02
DilantinDilantin 100 Mg Capsule169.57
EpicentEpicent 100 Mg Tablet15.7
EpisolEpisol 100 Mg Tablet14.9
EpsodEpsod 100 Mg Tablet98.9
EpsolinEpsolin 100 Mg Tablet133.35
EptoinEptoin 100 Mg Tablet133.35
Kiptoin 100 Mg TabletKiptoin 100 Mg Tablet164.65
M Toin TabletM Toin 100 Mg Tablet16.48
PhalinPhalin 100 Mg Injection11.0
Phenos 100 Mg TabletPhenos 100 Mg Tablet13.6
Phentoin 100 Mg TabletPhentoin 100 Mg Tablet15.21
Phetoin 100 Mg TabletPhetoin 100 Mg Tablet14.91
Pna 100 Mg TabletPna 100 Mg Tablet14.8
Protoin TabletProtoin 100 Mg Tablet15.4
Seztin 100 Mg TabletSeztin 100 Mg Tablet117.5
CeletoinCeletoin 100 Mg Tablet133.35
EpiforceEpiforce 100 Mg Tablet164.08
Eptokind 50 Mg InjectionEptokind 50 Mg Injection11.91
Fentoin 100 Mg TabletFentoin 100 Mg Tablet Er16.86
PhenykemPhenykem 100 Mg Tablet150.93
Phenytoin Oral SuspensionPhenytoin Oral 125 Mg Suspension95.47
Pna 200 Mg TabletPna 200 Mg Tablet32.43
Solphen 100 Mg TabletSolphen 100 Mg Tablet120.0
AlporateAlporate 200 Mg Tablet32.16
Convulex ErConvulex Er 250 Mg Tablet29.57
DisovalDisoval 250 Mg Tablet Er51.7
DivunaDivuna 250 Mg Tablet Er55.0
EpsovalEpsoval 200 Mg Tablet21.74
IvalpIvalp 125 Mg Tablet32.0
NapilexNapilex 200 Mg Syrup66.98
NovaleptNovalept Chrono 200 Mg Tablet Cr28.38
Valcot CrValcot Cr 300 Mg Tablet66.8
ValcotValcot Cr 200 Mg Tablet41.25
AnxidepAnxidep Tablet0.0
Depnil ForteDepnil Forte 25 Mg/5 Mg Tablet0.0
Depnil PlusDepnil Plus 25 Mg/2 Mg Tablet0.0
Depranil PlusDepranil Plus 5 Mg/25 Mg Tablet0.0
Deprid ForteDeprid Forte 25 Mg/5 Mg Tablet0.0
Deprid PlusDeprid Plus 25 Mg/2 Mg Tablet12.81
Depsin PlusDepsin Plus 25 Mg/2 Mg Tablet0.0
EndopaxEndopax 2 Mg/25 Mg Tablet0.0
ImipamImipam 25 Mg/2 Mg Tablet0.0
ImizImiz 25 Mg/2 Mg Tablet0.0
Imizonic PlusImizonic Plus 25 Mg/2 Mg Tablet22.05
ImodepImodep 25 Mg/2 Mg Tablet0.0
Impress PlusImpress Plus 25 Mg/2 Mg Tablet0.0
MinizepMinizep 25 Mg/2 Mg Tablet0.0
SycodepSycodep 25 Mg/2 Mg Tablet0.0
ToframineToframine 25 Mg/2 Mg Tablet10.9
TrikodepTrikodep 2.5 Mg/25 Mg Tablet0.0
Trikodep ForteTrikodep Forte 5 Mg/50 Mg Tablet0.0
TudepTudep 25 Mg/2 Mg Tablet0.0
AnexidepAnexidep 25 Mg/2 Mg Tablet16.6
Depik ForteDepik Forte 25 Mg/5 Mg Tablet12.05
Depik PlusDepik Plus 25 Mg/2 Mg Tablet12.95
Depsol ForteDepsol Forte 5 Mg/25 Mg Tablet15.0
Depsol PlusDepsol Plus 2 Mg/25 Mg Tablet13.0
Depsonil DzDepsonil Dz 2 Mg/25 Mg Tablet18.0
Diamin PlusDiamin Plus 25 Mg/2 Mg Tablet21.0
Eldep MEldep M 12.5 Mg/2 Mg Tablet10.0
Elidep ForteElidep Forte Tablet14.42
Iminza IdIminza Id 25 Mg/2 Mg Tablet12.97
Kidep DzKidep Dz Tablet17.5
Kidep ForteKidep Forte 25 Mg/5 Mg Tablet16.0
Pranil PlusPranil Plus 25 Mg/2 Mg Tablet14.9
PrazepPrazep 25 Mg/2 Mg Tablet8.58
Talendep ForteTalendep Forte Tablet11.1
Talendep PlusTalendep Plus Tablet10.2
TancodepTancodep 2 Mg/25 Mg Tablet16.0
TheodepTheodep Tablet18.0
Arkaval CrArkaval Cr 200 Mg Tablet35.0
Noxval ChronoNoxval Chrono 200 Tablet39.52
SavySavy Kit44.58
Sodival CrSodival Cr Tablet72.81
Solprate CrSolprate Cr Tablet35.59
Sova ChronoSova Chrono Tablet43.75
Valparin ChronoValparin Chrono 200 Tablet54.51
Valprid CrValprid Cr 200 Tablet58.5
Bioval 500 TabletBioval 500 Tablet85.0
ChronoChrono Tablet51.12
Czo ChronoCzo Chrono 250 Mg/250 Mg Tablet84.0
Dilex ChronoDilex Chrono Tablet 135 Mg/58 Mg42.0
Epima ChronoEpima Chrono 200 Mg Tablet35.0
Leps CrLeps Cr 133 Mg/58 Mg Tablet26.56
Napilex CrNapilex Cr 200 Mg/87 Mg Tablet52.5
Senval ChronoSenval Chrono 200 Mg Tablet50.0
Sproval CrSproval Cr Tablet35.0
Torvate ChronoTorvate Chrono 200 Tablet25.0
Valate CrValate Cr 133 Mg/58 Mg Tablet39.37
ValmedValmed Tablet40.76
Valpin CrValpin Cr Tablet73.35
Valric CrValric Cr Tablet86.52
BarbitoinBarbitoin 30 Mg/100 Mg Tablet0.0
EpiphenEpiphen 30 Mg/100 Mg Tablet0.0
Episol PlusEpisol Plus 30 Mg/100 Mg Tablet0.0
Phen PhenPhen Phen 30 Mg/100 Mg Tablet9.66
PhensobarPhensobar 30 Mg/100 Mg Tablet0.0
CobarbCobarb Tablet34.28
EpicomEpicom 30 Mg/100 Mg Tablet91.3
GaroinGaroin 50 Mg/100 Mg Tablet26.0
PhenbarbPhenbarb Tablet12.5
PhenytalPhenytal 30 Mg/100 Mg Tablet12.0
Coryl TabletCoryl Tablet0.0
ParexelParexel 20 Mg/2 Mg Tablet24.65
Diazepax MDiazepax M 2 Mg/10 Mg Tablet15.23
DizepaxDizepax 2.5 Mg/20 Mg Tablet28.0
Dizepax MDizepax M Tablet7.5
DizeralDizeral 2.5 Mg/20 Mg Tablet30.0
Dizeral MDizeral M 2.5 Mg/20 Mg Tablet24.0
NeurexNeurex 2.5 Mg/20 Mg Tablet45.71
NeuropaxNeuropax 2.5 Mg/20 Mg Tablet20.0
SyziralSyziral 2.5 Mg/20 Mg Tablet13.5
TenecTenec 2.5 Mg/20 Mg Tablet35.0
Tensyn PlusTensyn Plus 2.5 Mg/20 Mg Tablet28.5
VolcanVolcan 2.5 Mg/20 Mg Tablet15.9
DipropDiprop Tablet14.42
Dizeral CpmDizeral Cpm Tablet28.0
UlpaneUlpane 2.5 Mg/5 Mg/400 Mg Tablet73.37
ADEL Absinthium DilutionAbsinthium Dilution 1 M155.0
Dr. Reckeweg Absinthium DilutionAbsinthium Dilution 1 M155.0

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