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What is Enlarged Liver?

An enlarged liver or hepatomegaly occurs when the liver increases in size due to any cause ranging from a simple viral infection or serious medical conditions such as heart failure. Usually, treating the underlying cause helps in resolving hepatomegaly.

What are the main signs and symptoms?

In most cases, an enlarged liver does not produce any symptoms, but symptoms can manifest due to an underlying disease. A few symptoms are mentioned below:

What are the main causes?

As the liver is the centre for various body functions, an alteration in these functions can be due to several diseases, which leads to liver enlargement.

The commonest causes of hepatomegaly include

  • Diseases of Liver
    • Amoebic abscess- formation of a pus-filled cavity in the liver due to infection with E. histolytica
    • Hepatitis
    • Cirrhosis
    • Fatty liver
    • Haemochromatosis – excessive iron deposition in the body
    • Liver cysts
    • Haemangiomas of the liver – deformities of the blood vessels of the liver
    • Obstructed gallbladder
    • Amyloidosis
    • Wilson’s disease – excessive copper deposition in the body
  • Other Diseases

How is it diagnosed and treated?

Certain investigations mentioned below are required for determining the underlying cause of the disease.

  • Blood Tests
    • Complete blood count (CBC)
    • Liver function test
    • Serum protein levels
    • Hepatitis A, B, C, D, and E antigen/ antibody levels
  • Imaging Studies
    • Sonography of the abdomen
    • Computed tomography (CT) scan of the abdomen
    • Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) scan
  • Liver Biopsy – It helps in knowing the internal cellular structure of the liver cells (hepatocytes) and confirming the diagnosis

The treatment of hepatomegaly is solely dependent on the cause of enlargement. If the disease is due to infection, antibiotics may be prescribed; in a heart condition, the underlying condition needs to be treated; sometimes it may completely resolve on its own or may require only supportive enzymes. If the enlargement is due to cancer it may require either surgery or chemo-radiation therapy.

  1. Medicines for Enlarged Liver
  2. Doctors for Enlarged Liver
Dr. Suraj Bhagat

Dr. Suraj Bhagat


Dr. Smruti Ranjan Mishra

Dr. Smruti Ranjan Mishra


Dr. Sankar Narayanan

Dr. Sankar Narayanan


Medicines for Enlarged Liver

Medicines listed below are available for Enlarged Liver. Please note that you should not take any medicines without doctor consultation. Taking any medicine without doctor's consultation can cause serious problems.

Medicine NamePack SizePrice (Rs.)
Udiliv TabletUdiliv 150 mg Tablet237
Bjain Leucas aspera DilutionBjain Leucas aspera Dilution 1000 CH63
Schwabe Leucas aspera CHSchwabe Leucas aspera 1000 CH96
SBL Carica papaya Mother Tincture QSBL Carica papaya Mother Tincture Q 76
SBL Ferrum arsenicicum DilutionSBL Ferrum arsenicicum Dilution 1000 CH86
Bjain Luffa bindal DilutionBjain Luffa bindal Dilution 1000 CH63
Schwabe Luffa bindal CHSchwabe Luffa bindal 1000 CH96
Bjain Carica papaya DilutionBjain Carica papaya Dilution 1000 CH175
Bjain Carica papaya Mother Tincture QBjain Carica papaya Mother Tincture Q 143
SBL Trichosanthes dioica Mother Tincture QSBL Trichosanthes dioica Mother Tincture Q 72
ActimarinActimarin 70 Mg/150 Mg Tablet160
Omeo D-FVR Plus SyrupOmeo D-FVR Plus Syrup 223
Gemiuro PlusGemiuro Plus Tablet0
Udimarin ForteUdimarin Forte 140 Mg/300 Mg Tablet0
UdiplusUdiplus 140 Mg/300 Mg Tablet280
Ulyses PlusUlyses Plus 140 Mg/300 Mg Tablet296
UdibonUdibon 140 Mg/300 Mg Tablet344
SBL Kalmegh SyrupSBL Kalmegh Syrup 72
Ursetor PlusUrsetor Plus 300 Mg/140 Mg Tablet244
Ursodox PlusUrsodox Plus Tablet238
Ursokem PlusUrsokem Plus 140 Mg/300 Mg Tablet300

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  1. Newman KD, Torres VE, Rakela J, Nagorney DM. Treatment of highly symptomatic polycystic liver disease. Preliminary experience with a combined hepatic resection-fenestration procedure.. Ann Surg 1990; 212:30.
  2. Schnelldorfer T, Torres VE, Zakaria S, et al. Polycystic liver disease: a critical appraisal of hepatic resection, cyst fenestration, and liver transplantation.. Ann Surg 2009; 250:112.
  3. Long RG, Scheuer PJ, Sherlock S.Presentation and course of asymptomatic primary biliary cirrhosis.. Gastroenterology 1977; 72:1204.
  4. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia: US National Library of Medicine; Enlarged liver
  5. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia: US National Library of Medicine; Fatty Liver Disease

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