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What is Heat Stroke?

Heat stroke is a medical emergency situation in which the body’s temperature rises to 40°C or above, and it cannot maintain the normal temperature by itself following an exposure to sun. Usually, our body cools down the high temperature through sweating but it fails to do so in such a situation. This heat-related illness is commonly seen in summer conditions affecting children and the elderly due to prolonged exposure. Individuals who work in outdoor settings are also prone to heat stroke. If not managed immediately, it can damage other internal organs and may lead to death.

Indian data shows that the rise in climatic temperature increases the number of deaths associated with heat stroke.

What are its main associated signs and symptoms?

A person affected by heat stroke may experience many of the following common symptoms:

What are its main causes?

The main cause is exposure to sun and is experienced by those who carry out exhaustive and non-exhaustive activities in sunlight. Individuals more vulnerable to heat stroke are

  • Infants
  • Elderly persons
  • Outdoor workers
  • Obese persons (Read more: Obesity treatment)
  • Individuals with mental illnesses
  • Alcoholics
  • Those with insufficient fluid intake, resulting in dehydration

How is it diagnosed and treated?

The initial steps you take for a person who experiences a heat stroke is to shift him/her to a shady and cooler environment. Then, you lower the body temperature using wet towels or by fanning. If possible, apply ice packs in the armpit and groin regions. After these primary care, the patient should be taken to the hospital.

At the hospital, the doctor will provide necessary treatment based on the patient’s condition, for example breathing difficulty, if any, is taken care of immediately. Doctors will continue to reduce the body temperature until the normal temperature (38°C) is achieved. Certain lab tests are carried out to rule out other causes.

You can protect yourself from heat stroke if you

  • Maintain proper hydration by drinking plenty of water
  • Wear light and loose fitting clothes
  • Spend less time in the sunlight during peak hours of 12 pm to 3 pm
  • Wear a hat or scarf or use an umbrella
  1. Medicines for Heat Stroke
  2. Doctors for Heat Stroke
Dr. Dhavan Patel

Dr. Dhavan Patel

सामान्य चिकित्सा

Dr. Priya Patel

Dr. Priya Patel

सामान्य चिकित्सा

Dr. Giri Prasath

Dr. Giri Prasath

सामान्य चिकित्सा

Medicines for Heat Stroke

Medicines listed below are available for Heat Stroke. Please note that you should not take any medicines without doctor consultation. Taking any medicine without doctor's consultation can cause serious problems.

Medicine NamePack SizePrice (Rs.)
Dextrose With Normal SalineDextrose With Normal Saline 5% Infusion22.0
Dns (Venus)Dns Solution45.0
Dns Water (Albert)Dns Water 0.9% W/V Infusion29.0
HypersolHypersol 5% Eye Drop54.05
NasomistNasomist Nasal Drops31.0
NazoNazo Drop28.0
NazoneNazone Nasal Drops40.0
Normal Saline (Albert)Normal Saline 0.90% Infusion26.0
Normal Saline (Baxter)Normal Saline 0.9% W/V Infusion10.0
Normal Saline (Claris Life)Normal Saline 0.9% W/V Infusion10.0
D (Parentral)D 5% Infusion10.0
ExpavonExpavon 0.9% Infusion495.0
Haes SterilHaes Steril 3% Infusion292.0
HitsolHitsol Eye Drop55.0
IsolIsol 6% W/V Eye Drop40.0
Nacl 6Nacl 6 6%W/W Ointment92.0
Nasivion SNasivion S Nasal Drops30.0
NasiwarNasiwar Adult Nasal Drops57.0
Nasiwar SNasiwar S Nasal Drops29.0
NasoclearNasoclear Gel70.0
NozeclearNozeclear Nasal Drops12.0
N S (Baxter)N S Infusion25.0
SaltnaseSaltnase 750 Mg Tablet150.0
Sodium Chloride (Jan Aushadhi)Sodium Chloride Nasal Drops8.0
SolineSoline 6%W/V Ointment88.0
Tastee ZTastee Z 450 Mg Tablet16.0
Zoamet SZoamet S Nasal Drops38.0
Dex 10% (Skkl)Dex 10% Infusion22.0
D.N.S. DextsD.N.S. Dexts Solution29.0
Dns (Skkl)Dns 5%/0.45% Infusion18.0
ElecxirElecxir Ors Liquid25.0
NasowashNasowash Sachet12.0
Neo DnsNeo Dns Liquid495.0
Normal Saline (Nir)Normal Saline Infusion10.0
Normal Saline (Venus)Normal Saline Liquid22.0
N.S (Astra)N.S Solution16.0
Ns (Skkl)Ns 3% Infusion36.0
N.S (Venus )N.S Infusion10.0
OsmogelOsmogel 5% Eye Drop42.0
RofyRofy 25 Mg Tablet48.0
TromasolTromasol Infusion50.0
CatlonCatlon Drop62.0
SterofundinSterofundin Iso Infusion225.0
D.N.SD.N.S 5%/0.45% Infusion19.61
Dns (Baxter)Dns 5 G/0.45 G Infusion30.22
Dns (Parenteral Drug)Dns 5%W/V/0.9%W/V Infusion25.0
Dns (Denis)Dns Infusion45.0
GrelyteGrelyte Solution32.5
Sodium Chloride (Albert)Sodium Chloride Solution29.2
TnaTna Peri Infusion1837.5
Leclyte G PlLeclyte G Pl Solution44.48
N.S (Parenteral)N.S Infusion23.12
RallidexRallidex Infusion434.2
HyprosolHyprosol 0.490 W/V/2 W/V Prefilled Syringe110.0
HysolHysol Eye Drop45.0
Lignocad AdrLignocad Adr Injection12.5
Microspan NsMicrospan Ns 10 G/0.9 G Infusion407.59
Rallidex In NsRallidex In Ns 10 Gm/0.9 Gm Infusion434.2
Musing NasalMusing Nasal Drop35.0
SalinaSalina Nasal Drops26.93
Sinarest SSinarest S Nasal Drops36.32
Ringer Lactate (Claris)Ringer Lactaten Infusion48.5
GelaspanGelaspan Infusion495.0
IntasolIntasol Infusion240.0
Ringer Lactate Ip PolyRinger Lactate Ip Poly Infusion39.17
Rl (Skkl)Rl Infusion31.25
Vilco InfantVilco Infant 0.065%W/V/0.001%W/V/0.002%W/V Nasal Drops44.2
VoluvenVoluven 6 G/0.9 G Solution499.0
K Mac B6K Mac B6 New Solution145.28
RenolenRenolen Eye Drop49.1

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