Hirsutism

Dr. Ayush PandeyMBBS,PG Diploma

November 29, 2018

March 06, 2020

Hirsutism
Hirsutism

What is Hirsutism?

Hirsutism is a common condition characterized by excessive hair growth in women. It can occur in women of all age groups and may pose social, psychological and self-esteem issues.

The condition is relatively common and affects 5-10 percent of the world’s population.

What are its main associated signs and symptoms?

Hirsutism triggers with the onslaught of puberty. The chief symptom is the growth of male hair type in women. Furthermore, the condition is characterized by growth of hair similar to the scalp on:

  • Upper lip
  • Sideburns
  • Chin
  • Around the nipples
  • Lower side of abdomen

Other symptoms commonly seen in hirsutism are:

  • Oily skin
  • Balding forehead
  • Acne
  • Irregular periods
  • Heavy voice
  • Changes in clitoris
  • Infertility 

However, in advanced cases, hair growth is generalized to cover the portions of upper back, central chest region and whole or upper regions of abdomen.  

What are its main causes?

Excessive androgen levels in women are a major reason for hirsutism. Other than that:

How is it diagnosed and treated?

A medical history along with a thorough physical examination followed by an ultrasound scan to determine the condition of ovaries are the first steps to diagnose the cause behind hirsutism. Androgen levels might be ordered to confirm the diagnosis.

Women with moderate hair growth can use cosmetic methods to approach the condition. This includes:

  • Bleaching
  • Shaving
  • Waxing
  • Plucking
  • Electrolysis
  • Depilatory agents
  • Laser treatment

Plucking is a method for short-term management of hirsutism and laser treatment is effective in the removal of unwanted visible hair in the long term.

Estrogen and progestin contraceptive pills reduce the effect of androgen hormones and slow the progress of the condition.

Medical professional can use anti-androgens to treat moderate or severe cases. Other options include:

  • Eflornithine cream
  • Cyproterone acetate
  • Flutamide
  • Finasteride



References

  1. Silonie Sachdeva. HIRSUTISM: EVALUATION AND TREATMENT. Indian J Dermatol. 2010 Jan-Mar; 55(1): 3–7. PMID: 20418968
  2. Azziz R, Sanchez LA, Knochenhauer ES, et al. Androgen excess in women: experience with over 1000 consecutive patients.. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2004;89:453–462.
  3. Monash University. [Internet]. Public Health and Preventive Medicine Webmaster Team. Hirsutism.
  4. Martin KA, Chang RJ, Ehrmann DA, Ibanez L, Lobo RA, Rosenfield RL, et al. Evaluation and treatment of hirsutism in premenopausal women: an endocrine society clinical practice guideline.. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2008;93(4):1105-20. Evaluation and treatment of hirsutism in premenopausal women: an endocrine society clinical practice guideline.
  5. Hafsi W, Badri T. Hirsutism. [Updated 2019 May 2]. In: StatPearls [Internet]. Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing; 2019 Jan-.

Doctors for Hirsutism

Dr. Vrinda Khemani Dr. Vrinda Khemani Obstetrics & Gynaecology
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Dr Megha Apsingekar Dr Megha Apsingekar Obstetrics & Gynaecology
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Dr. Dyuti Navadia Dr. Dyuti Navadia Obstetrics & Gynaecology
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Dr. Sheetal Aggarwal Dr. Sheetal Aggarwal Obstetrics & Gynaecology
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Consult a Doctor

Medicines for Hirsutism

Medicines listed below are available for Hirsutism. Please note that you should not take any medicines without doctor consultation. Taking any medicine without doctor's consultation can cause serious problems.

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