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What is Joint stiffness?

Joint stiffness refers to difficult or reduced mobility of the joints. Joint stiffness can involve a single joint or multiple small joints, such as those of the wrist or hands.

What are its main associated signs and symptoms?

Joint stiffness can comprise restricted mobility, cracking of joints, pain and associated inflammation or swelling. Joint stiffness may be aggravated at certain times of the day, especially during the morning. This happens because joints are not active during the night and there is no fluid movement between the two bones. However, as the day progresses, the joints lubricate themselves and the individual starts feeling better. Chronic joint stiffness may lead to a permanent disability.

What are the main causes?

Joint stiffness could be due to an injury which causes self-limiting but severe joint stiffness or it could be due to various underlying medical conditions, which can lead to prolonged stiffness worsening over time. The primary cause of joint stiffness is arthritis, rheumatoid arthritis being the most common. It is an autoimmune disorder affecting the healthy cells of the joints, making them inflamed, painful and stiff. Stiffness in the elderly commonly occurs due to osteoarthritis, which mainly involves single joints such as those of the knee, hip and back. Other causes of joint stiffness are related to lifestyle habits, such as leading a sedentary lifestyle, being overweight and having faulty postures. Bone cancer is a rare cause of joint stiffness.

How is it diagnosed and treated? 

Joint stiffness is a symptom of an underlying medical or lifestyle disorder; hence, a detailed evaluation is required to diagnose the condition. Depending on the person’s age, lifestyle and medical history, the doctor may order a series of blood tests and X-rays of the affected joints to arrive at a diagnosis. Based on the diagnosis, joint stiffness is managed with anti-inflammatory drugs, steroids and painkillers. The best way to relieve joint stiffness is to apply hot fomentation to the affected joints for a few minutes, several times a day. Heat is considered therapeutic for the joints, as it relaxes the joint and increases blood circulation. Maintaining a healthy weight through regular exercise and taking fish oil supplements can also be quite beneficial in reducing joint stiffness. 

  1. Medicines for Joint Stiffness

Medicines for Joint Stiffness

Medicines listed below are available for Joint Stiffness. Please note that you should not take any medicines without doctor consultation. Taking any medicine without doctor's consultation can cause serious problems.

Medicine NamePack SizePrice (Rs.)
Oxalgin DpOxalgin Dp 50 Mg/325 Mg Tablet27
Diclogesic RrDiclogesic Rr 75 Mg Injection33
DivonDIVON GEL 10GM0
VoveranVOVERAN 1% EMULGEL 30GM105
EnzoflamENZOFLAM-SV TABLET168
DolserDolser 400 Mg/50 Mg Tablet Mr0
Renac SpRenac Sp Tablet51
Dicser PlusDicser Plus 50 Mg/10 Mg/500 Mg Tablet46
D P ZoxD P Zox 50 Mg/325 Mg/250 Mg Tablet20
Unofen KUnofen K 50 Mg Tablet0
ExflamExflam 1.16%W/W Gel48
Rid SRid S 50 Mg/10 Mg Capsule32
Diclonova PDiclonova P 25 Mg/500 Mg Tablet13
Dil Se PlusDil Se Plus 50 Mg/10 Mg/325 Mg Tablet44
Dynaford MrDynaford Mr 50 Mg/325 Mg/250 Mg Tablet29
ValfenValfen 100 Mg Injection10
FeganFegan Eye Drop16
RolosolRolosol 50 Mg/10 Mg Tablet67
DiclopalDiclopal 50 Mg/500 Mg Tablet16
DipseeDipsee Gel57
FlexicamFlexicam 50 Mg/325 Mg/250 Mg Tablet25
VivianVIVIAN EMULGEL ROLL ON93
I GesicI Gesic 0.1% Eye Drop26
Rolosol ERolosol E 50 Mg/10 Mg Capsule51

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References

  1. Straub RH, Cutolo M. Circadian rhythms in rheumatoid arthritis: implications for pathophysiology and therapeutic management.. Arthritis Rheum. 2007 Feb;56(2):399-408. PMID: 17265475
  2. M Cutolo et al. Circadian rhythms in RA. Ann Rheum Dis. 2003 Jul; 62(7): 593–596. PMID: 12810417
  3. Arnett FC et al. The American Rheumatism Association 1987 revised criteria for the classification of rheumatoid arthritis.. Arthritis Rheum. 1988 Mar;31(3):315-24. PMID: 3358796
  4. Anderson JJ et al. Which traditional measures should be used in rheumatoid arthritis clinical trials?. Arthritis Rheum. 1989 Sep;32(9):1093-9. PMID: 2505779
  5. Verna Wright, Richard J. Johns. Quantitative and Qualitative Analysis of Joint Stiffness in Normal Subjects and in Patients with Connective Tissue Diseases. Ann Rheum Dis. 1961 Mar; 20(1): 36–46. PMID: 13786829
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