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Joint Stiffness

Dr. Ayush PandeyMBBS

December 23, 2018

March 06, 2020

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Joint Stiffness
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What is Joint stiffness?

Joint stiffness refers to difficult or reduced mobility of the joints. Joint stiffness can involve a single joint or multiple small joints, such as those of the wrist or hands.

What are its main associated signs and symptoms?

Joint stiffness can comprise restricted mobility, cracking of joints, pain and associated inflammation or swelling. Joint stiffness may be aggravated at certain times of the day, especially during the morning. This happens because joints are not active during the night and there is no fluid movement between the two bones. However, as the day progresses, the joints lubricate themselves and the individual starts feeling better. Chronic joint stiffness may lead to a permanent disability.

What are the main causes?

Joint stiffness could be due to an injury which causes self-limiting but severe joint stiffness or it could be due to various underlying medical conditions, which can lead to prolonged stiffness worsening over time. The primary cause of joint stiffness is arthritis, rheumatoid arthritis being the most common. It is an autoimmune disorder affecting the healthy cells of the joints, making them inflamed, painful and stiff. Stiffness in the elderly commonly occurs due to osteoarthritis, which mainly involves single joints such as those of the knee, hip and back. Other causes of joint stiffness are related to lifestyle habits, such as leading a sedentary lifestyle, being overweight and having faulty postures. Bone cancer is a rare cause of joint stiffness.

How is it diagnosed and treated? 

Joint stiffness is a symptom of an underlying medical or lifestyle disorder; hence, a detailed evaluation is required to diagnose the condition. Depending on the person’s age, lifestyle and medical history, the doctor may order a series of blood tests and X-rays of the affected joints to arrive at a diagnosis. Based on the diagnosis, joint stiffness is managed with anti-inflammatory drugs, steroids and painkillers. The best way to relieve joint stiffness is to apply hot fomentation to the affected joints for a few minutes, several times a day. Heat is considered therapeutic for the joints, as it relaxes the joint and increases blood circulation. Maintaining a healthy weight through regular exercise and taking fish oil supplements can also be quite beneficial in reducing joint stiffness. 



References

  1. Straub RH, Cutolo M. Circadian rhythms in rheumatoid arthritis: implications for pathophysiology and therapeutic management.. Arthritis Rheum. 2007 Feb;56(2):399-408. PMID: 17265475
  2. M Cutolo et al. Circadian rhythms in RA. Ann Rheum Dis. 2003 Jul; 62(7): 593–596. PMID: 12810417
  3. Arnett FC et al. The American Rheumatism Association 1987 revised criteria for the classification of rheumatoid arthritis.. Arthritis Rheum. 1988 Mar;31(3):315-24. PMID: 3358796
  4. Anderson JJ et al. Which traditional measures should be used in rheumatoid arthritis clinical trials?. Arthritis Rheum. 1989 Sep;32(9):1093-9. PMID: 2505779
  5. Verna Wright, Richard J. Johns. Quantitative and Qualitative Analysis of Joint Stiffness in Normal Subjects and in Patients with Connective Tissue Diseases. Ann Rheum Dis. 1961 Mar; 20(1): 36–46. PMID: 13786829

Doctors for Joint Stiffness

Dr. Urmish Donga Dr. Urmish Donga Orthopedics
3 Years of Experience
Dr. Sridhar Reddy Dr. Sridhar Reddy Orthopedics
4 Years of Experience
Dr. Sunil Kumar Yadav Dr. Sunil Kumar Yadav Orthopedics
3 Years of Experience
Dr. Deep Chakraborty Dr. Deep Chakraborty Orthopedics
10 Years of Experience
Consult a Doctor

Medicines for Joint Stiffness

Medicines listed below are available for Joint Stiffness. Please note that you should not take any medicines without doctor consultation. Taking any medicine without doctor's consultation can cause serious problems.

दवा का नाम

Price

₹64.4

20% छूट + 5% कैशबैक


₹29.96

20% छूट + 5% कैशबैक


₹28.7

20% छूट + 5% कैशबैक


₹69.65

20% छूट + 5% कैशबैक


₹162.05

20% छूट + 5% कैशबैक


₹82.1

20% छूट + 5% कैशबैक


₹44.99

20% छूट + 5% कैशबैक


₹40.83

20% छूट + 5% कैशबैक


₹18.22

20% छूट + 5% कैशबैक


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