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What is bone cancer?

Bone cancer is a rare form of cancer that is characterised by abnormal growths in the bones of the body. Bone cancer occurs when the normal cells in a bone become cancerous or malignant or when cancer cells from other regions of the body, such as the lungs, breasts, or prostate gland spread to a bone. Bone cancer mainly affects children and adolescents and accounts for 0.2% of all cancers.

What are its main associated signs and symptoms?

Pain in the bones and joints is a common symptom of bone cancer. Symptoms experienced by an individual will vary based on the area affected and the size of the cancerous tumour. Other common symptoms seen are:

  • Swelling of the bones and joints.
  • Difficulty in movement.
  • Proneness to fracture.
  • Multiple fractures.
  • Weak bones.

Other non-specific common signs and symptoms are:

  • Unexplained weight loss.
  • Fever.
  • Sweating.
  • Tiredness.
  • Reduced levels of haemoglobin (anaemia).

What are the main causes?

The exact cause is still unknown. Certain risk factors that can increase your chance of developing bone cancer are:

  • Hereditary conditions like retinoblastoma (eye cancer), chondrosarcomas (cancer of the cartilage), and chordomas (non-cancerous cartilage tumour).
  • Exposure to radiation therapy.
  • Chemotherapy.
  • History of non-cancerous tumours like Paget’s disease.
  • Injury to the bones.
  • Bone marrow transplantation.
  • Bone implants.

How is it diagnosed and treated?

After a physical examination and detailed family and personal history, the doctor will carry out one or more of the following diagnostic tests.

  • Blood test to detect abnormal levels of enzymes produced by bones, such as alkaline phosphatase. However, this test will not confirm the presence of bone cancer.
  • One or more imaging tests like X-ray, bone scan, MRI, and CT scan to find the location and size of cancer.
  • Biopsy, where a sample is taken from the affected bone and examined for cancer cells.
  • PET scan to look for the spread of cancer to other parts of the body

Surgery is a common treatment for bone cancer. Other available treatment options are chemotherapy and radiation therapy depending on the individual’s condition.

  1. Medicines for Bone Cancer
  2. Doctors for Bone Cancer
Dr. Arabinda Roy

Dr. Arabinda Roy

ऑन्कोलॉजी

Dr. Ashutosh Gawande

Dr. Ashutosh Gawande

ऑन्कोलॉजी

Dr. C. Arun Hensley

Dr. C. Arun Hensley

ऑन्कोलॉजी

Medicines for Bone Cancer

Medicines listed below are available for Bone Cancer. Please note that you should not take any medicines without doctor consultation. Taking any medicine without doctor's consultation can cause serious problems.

Medicine NamePack SizePrice (Rs.)
FolitraxFolitrax 10 Mg Tablet158.0
ImutrexImutrex 10 Mg Tablet64.0
MeditrexMeditrex 10 Mg Tablet161.0
MerexMerex 1000 Mg Injection750.0
MethocelMethocel 1000 Mg Injection904.0
Mexate TabletMexate 10 Mg Tablet64.0
Mext TabletMext 10 Mg Tablet161.0
NeotrexateNeotrexate 2.5 Mg Tablet51.0
OncotrexOncotrex 10 Mg Tablet157.0
RemtrexRemtrex 15 Mg Injection65.0
HitrexHitrex 15 Mg Injection51.0
MethMeth 2.5 Mg Tablet50.0
MethocipMethocip 50 Mg Injection48.0
MethofastMethofast 15 Mg Injection52.0
Mexate Combipack 25 Mg InjectionMexate Combipack 25 Mg Injection55.0
RhutraxRhutrax 15 Mg Tablet249.0
RhutrexRhutrex 10 Mg Tablet156.0
TrexTrex 2.5 Mg Tablet36.0
TrexoparTrexopar 15 Mg Injection55.0
UnitrexateUnitrexate 15 Mg Injection48.0
VibziVibzi 5 Mg Tablet67.0
BlaztereBlaztere 4 Mg Injection3212.0
NatzoldNatzold Infusion2990.0
NewbonaNewbona Capsule109.0
RokfosRokfos 5 Mg Infusion2950.0
VacosteoVacosteo 5 Mg Infusion2650.0
ZoboneZobone 5 Mg Infusion2697.95
ZoldonatZoldonat 4 Mg Injection2990.0
ZolephosZolephos 5 Mg Infusion3000.0
ZyclastinZyclastin 4 Mg Injection2949.52
ZyfossZyfoss 4 Mg Injection2933.0
AclastaAclasta 5 Mg Infusion23456.7
DronicadDronicad 4 Mg Injection2500.0
GemdronicGemdronic 5 Mg Infusion2380.95
LedronzolLedronzol 4 Mg Injection1371.42
WellboneWellbone 5 Mg Infusion2999.0
XolnicXolnic 4 Mg Injection1500.0
ZolastaZolasta 4 Mg Injection416.66
ZoldaroZoldaro 4 Mg Injection1540.0
ZoldriaZoldria 4 Mg Injection2800.0
ZoledronZoledron 4 Mg Injection1357.47
ZolestoZolesto 4 Mg Injection2500.0
ZoletrustZoletrust 4 Mg Injection1519.05
ZolfracZolfrac 5 Mg Injection3500.0
ZolonZolon 4 Mg Injection918.75
ZometaZometa 4 Mg Injection18110.7
ZorrentZorrent 4 Mg Injection937.5
ZyronaZyrona 5 Mg Infusion6500.0
AdriamycinAdriamycin 10 Mg Injection221.61
AdriblastinaAdriblastina Injection1309.52
Adronex RdAdronex Rd 10 Mg Injection185.71
AdrosalAdrosal 10 Mg Injection196.43
CadriaCadria 10 Mg Injection166.66
CardiaroneCardiarone 100 Mg Tablet65.47
DoxilydDoxilyd 10 Mg Injection119.04
DoxohopeDoxohope 20 Mg Injection8163.26
DoxorexDoxorex 10 Mg Injection321.75
Doxorubicin (Dr. Reddys)Doxorubicin 10 Mg Injection116.66
DoxorubicinDoxorubicin 10 Mg Injection200.0
DoxorubinDoxorubin 10 Mg Injection130.95
DoxotarDoxotar 10 Mg Injection285.0
DoxoteroDoxotero 10 Mg Injection165.0
DoxulipDoxulip 20 Mg Injection7890.0
DoxutecDoxutec 10 Mg Injection170.0
DuxocinDuxocin 10 Mg Injection190.94
LyphidoxLyphidox 10 Mg Injection198.91
MetodoxMetodox 10 Mg Injection63.09
OncodriaOncodria 10 Mg Injection199.64
PiglitPiglit 2 Mg Injection6184.52
ZodoxZodox 10 Mg Injection196.19
ZubidoxZubidox 10 Mg Injection200.0
AdrimAdrim 10 Mg Injection214.28
DoxiglanDoxiglan 50 Mg Injection999.0
Mext FMext F 7.5 Mg/1 Mg Tablet45.35
TruxofolTruxofol 7.5 Mg/1 Mg Tablet50.0

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