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What is lupus?

An autoimmune disease develops when the healthy cells and tissues of the body are attacked by the individual’s own immune system, causing damage to various organs and bodily systems such as the heart, lungs, skin, joints, kidneys, blood vessels, and brain. Lupus is a type of autoimmune disease which can be of several types such as:

  • Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)
  • Discoid lupus
  • Sub-acute cutaneous lupus
  • Drug-induced lupus
  • Neonatal lupus

What are its main signs and symptoms?

Symptoms of lupus, when observable, are termed as a flare and can be of varying intensity from mild to severe. Symptoms tend to have a wave-pattern of presence- there may be months without any symptoms (exacerbation) and then a few weeks or months of symptoms again (remission). Although the signs and symptoms of lupus vary from individual to individual, some of the most common symptoms are:

What are its main causes?

The cause of lupus remains unknown. Autoimmunity is thought to be the main cause of lupus.

How is it diagnosed and treated?

Lupus is very difficult to diagnose and it can take an indefinite amount of time for the diagnosis (could be several months or even years) as it's often mistaken for other diseases. Complete medical history will be taken by the physician, followed by a detailed physical examination for subtle signs before establishing the diagnosis. The various tests which help in the diagnosis include:

  • Various blood tests
  • Observing skin sample under a microscope (skin biopsy)
  • Observing tissue sample from the kidney under a microscope (kidney biopsy)

As lupus has no permanent cure, the aim of the treatment is preventing or treating flares, and to reduce further damage to the organs.

Lupus can be treated with medications that help to:

  • Prevent or reduce flares
  • Prevent or reduce damage to the joints
  • Reduce swelling and pain
  • Facilitate the immune system function
  • Achieve hormonal balance

Other problems related to lupus (infection, high cholesterol or high blood pressure) must also be treated to help avoid aggravation of the condition.

  1. Medicines for Lupus
  2. Doctors for Lupus
Dr. Vivek Dahiya

Dr. Vivek Dahiya

ओर्थोपेडिक्स

Dr. Vipin Chand Tyagi

Dr. Vipin Chand Tyagi

ओर्थोपेडिक्स

Dr. Vineesh Mathur

Dr. Vineesh Mathur

ओर्थोपेडिक्स

Medicines for Lupus

Medicines listed below are available for Lupus. Please note that you should not take any medicines without doctor consultation. Taking any medicine without doctor's consultation can cause serious problems.

Medicine NamePack SizePrice (Rs.)
TricortTricort 10 Mg Injection47
WysoloneWYSOLONE 20MG TABLET33
KenacortKENACORT 8MG TABLET 10S90
Hcqs TabletHCQS 200 Tablet77
ADEL Iridium Met DilutionADEL Iridium Met Dilution 200 CH112
Bjain Calcarea sulphurica TabletBjain Calcarea sulphurica Tablet 12X479
Acton ProlongatumActon Prolongatum 60 Iu Injection1571
ActonActon 60 Iu Injection1253
Dr. Reckeweg Calcarea Sulph DilutionDr. Reckeweg Calcarea Sulph Dilution 1000 CH136
Schwabe Calcarea sulphurica LMSchwabe Calcarea sulphurica 0/1 LM80
Bjain BC 28 TabletBjain BC 28 Tablet 479
ArethaAretha 50 Mg Tablet72
AzofitAzofit 50 Mg Tablet0
AzoprineAzoprine 50 Mg Tablet63
AzoranAzoran 25 Tablet131
ExsoraExsora Ointment176
ImoprineImoprine 50 Mg Tablet76
TessTESS 5GM CREAM60
ImuranIMURAN 25MG TABLET 25S0
TostiTosti Gel56
ImuzaImuza 50 Mg Tablet0
CinortCINORT 0.1% ORAL OINTMENT 20GM0
ThiopressThiopress 50 Mg Tablet0

Do you or anyone in your family have this disease? Please do a survey and help others

References

  1. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia: US National Library of Medicine; Lupus.
  2. Office on Women's Health. [Internet]. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Lupus.
  3. Lupus Foundation of America. [Internet]. Washington, D.C.,United States; What is lupus?.
  4. Center for Disease Control and Prevention [internet], Atlanta (GA): US Department of Health and Human Services; Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE).
  5. Center for Disease Control and Prevention [internet], Atlanta (GA): US Department of Health and Human Services; Lupus.
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