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What is myocarditis?

The inflammation of the heart muscle, also known as myocardium, is called myocarditis. Unlike other heart diseases, lifestyle does not play a role in the occurrence of this condition. No method for the prevention of myocarditis is available yet. In most instances, individuals with myocarditis recover without any complications, but in rare cases, there can be damage to the heart. However, it only occurs in severe inflammatory cases.

What are its main signs and symptoms?

The following symptoms may be observed after one to two weeks of infection:

  • Difficulty breathing with exercise or exertion
  • Tightness and stabbing pain in the chest that later spreads to the entire body
  • Difficulty in breathing while resting
  • Irregular heart rhythm (Read more: Tachycardia causes)
  • Swelling in the legs
  • Flu-like symptoms, e.g., fatigue, tiredness, and high temperature
  • Sudden loss of consciousness

What are its main causes?

Although sometimes the cause of myocarditis may remain unknown, the known causes are:

  • Common causes: Viruses, e.g., the virus responsible for upper respiratory tract infections
  • Less common causes: Contagious diseases such as Lyme disease
  • Rare causes: Use of cocaine, exposure to toxic agents like snake bites, spider bites, and metal poisons.

How is it diagnosed and treated?

In most cases, myocarditis does not produce any symptoms and remains undiagnosed. However, if an individual experiences symptoms of myocarditis, the following diagnostic measures can be taken:

  • Electrocardiogram: To study the electrical activity of your heart
  • Echocardiogram: To create an image of your heart and analyse the flow of blood
  • Chest X-ray: To study the structure of the heart and lungs for any structural changes
  • Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI): To analyse the image of your heart
  • Heart biopsy: Occasionally performed to confirm the diagnosis.

The following treatment methods are generally prescribed for myocarditis:

  • Medications used for treating heart failure
  • Low-salt diet
  • Rest
  • Steroids to reduce inflammation
  • Counselling is useful for psychological support to the individual with myocarditis.
  1. Medicines for Myocarditis

Medicines for Myocarditis

Medicines listed below are available for Myocarditis. Please note that you should not take any medicines without doctor consultation. Taking any medicine without doctor's consultation can cause serious problems.

Medicine NamePack SizePrice (Rs.)
DilzemDILZEM 120MG TABLET 10S0
DilgelDilgel 2% W/W Gel78
Diltgesic OrganoDiltgesic Organo 2% Gel73
Diltigesic OrganoDiltigesic Organo 2% Gel113
Schwabe Crataegus oxyacantha CHSchwabe Crataegus oxyacantha 1000 CH96
SBL Dibonil DropsSBL Dibonil Drops 84
ADEL 43 Cardinorma DropADEL 43 Cardinorma Drop200
ADEL Crataegus DilutionADEL Crataegus Dilution 1000 CH144
Dr. Reckeweg Crataegus Oxy QDr. Reckeweg Crataegus Oxy Q 176
Schwabe Crataegus PentarkanSchwabe Crataegus Pentarkan 128
ADEL 6 Apo-Strum DropADEL 6 Apo-Strum Drop200
SBL Tonicard Gold DropsSBL Tonicard Gold Drops 128
Neo Card N DropsADEL Neo Card N Drops 288
SBL Naja tripudians DilutionSBL Naja tripudians Dilution 1000 CH86
Bjain Crataegus oxyacantha DilutionBjain Crataegus oxyacantha Dilution 1000 CH175
Schwabe AngiotonSchwabe Angioton 119
SBL Crataegus oxyacantha Mother Tincture QSBL Crataegus oxyacantha Mother Tincture Q 76
Angizem CdAngizem Cd 120 Mg Capsule129
Angizem DpAngizem Dp 120 Mg Capsule118
AngizemAngizem 180 Mg Tablet136
ChannelChannel 120 Mg Tablet Sr84
DilcardiaDilcardia 30 Mg Tablet19
DilcontinDilcontin 120 Mg Tablet Xl164
DtmDtm 30 Mg Tablet20
Dz CdDz Cd 120 Mg Capsule18

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References

  1. Myocarditis Foundation [Internet]: Kingwood, Texas; Discover Myocarditis Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment.
  2. National Organization for Rare Disorders [Internet]; Myocarditis.
  3. British Heart Foundation [Internet]: London, United Kingdom; Myocarditis.
  4. Schultz JC, Hilliard AA, Cooper LT Jr, Rihal CS. Diagnosis and Treatment of Viral Myocarditis. Mayo Clin Proc. 2009 Nov;84(11):1001-9. PMID: 19880690
  5. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia: US National Library of Medicine; Myocarditis.
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