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What is upper respiratory tract infection (URTI)?

Infection of the upper respiratory tract, which comprises of the throat, the nose, and the larynx (voice box), due to bacteria, fungi, or a virus is termed an upper respiratory tract infection (URTI). Some of commonly occurring URTIs are sinusitis, rhinitis, laryngitis, and pharyngitis. Most URTIs are mild, but few cases of URTIs need medical intervention and can progress to severe infection if left untreated. The respiratory tract is a common and easy target for infections, as it constantly comes in direct contact with air-borne microbes.

What are its main signs and symptoms?

The main signs and symptoms of URTIs are based on the type of virus or bacteria that has caused the infection. Following are some of the symptoms seen in commonly occurring URTIs:

What are the main causes?

The main causes of URTIs are as follows:

  • Flu
  • Common cold
  • Seasonal allergies or climate changes
  • Having direct contact with an individual who has a URTI
  • Inhaling sneeze and cough droplets that contain a virus like influenza virus, rhinoviruses, coronavirus, etc.

How is it diagnosed and treated?

Most URTIs are diagnosed based on the symptoms reported by the patient. Tests like Rapid Antigen Detection test (RADT), Heterophil Antibody test, and IgM antibody test are ordered to find out if virus or bacteria are the causative factors.

Common treatments provided for URTIs are:

  • Antihistamines and decongestants are prescribed to reduce nasal secretions and sneezing.
  • Saline gargles are prescribed to soothe a sore throat.
  • Antibiotics and antivirals are prescribed to treat URTIs caused due to virus or bacteria such as pharyngitis.
  • Over-the-counter medications like lozenges and nasal saline drops, using water provide relief from sinusitis.
  • Warm beverages like tea and soups help soothe a sore throat.
  • Pain relievers like acetaminophen are also given to provide pain relief.
  1. Medicines for Upper Respiratory Tract Infection (URTI)
  2. Doctors for Upper Respiratory Tract Infection (URTI)
Dr. Sandeep Mittal

Dr. Sandeep Mittal

श्वास रोग विज्ञान

Dr. Subhajit Mondal

Dr. Subhajit Mondal

श्वास रोग विज्ञान

Dr Arjun Negi

Dr Arjun Negi

श्वास रोग विज्ञान

Medicines for Upper Respiratory Tract Infection (URTI)

Medicines listed below are available for Upper Respiratory Tract Infection (URTI). Please note that you should not take any medicines without doctor consultation. Taking any medicine without doctor's consultation can cause serious problems.

Medicine NamePack SizePrice (Rs.)
Blumox CaBLUMOX CA 1.2GM INJECTION 20ML103
BactoclavBACTOCLAV 1.2MG INJECTION99
Mega CvMEGA CV 1.2GM INJECTION98
Erox CvEROX CV DRY SYRUP84
MoxclavMoxclav 1.2 Gm Injection95
NovamoxNOVAMOX 500MG CAPSULE 10S0
Moxikind CvMoxikind Cv 1000 Mg/200 Mg Injection92
PulmoxylPulmoxyl 250 Mg Tablet Dt50
ClavamClavam 1000 Mg/62.5 Mg Tablet XR352
AdventAdvent 200 Mg/28.5 Mg Dry Syrup47
AugmentinAUGMENTIN 1.2GM INJECTION 1S105
ClampCLAMP 30ML SYRUP45
MoxMox 250 mg Capsule27
Zemox ClZemox Cl 1000 Mg/200 Mg Injection135
P Mox KidP Mox Kid 125 Mg/125 Mg Tablet12
AceclaveAceclave 250 Mg/125 Mg Tablet85
Amox ClAmox Cl 200 Mg/28.5 Mg Syrup39
ZoclavZoclav 500 Mg/125 Mg Tablet159
PolymoxPolymox 250 Mg/250 Mg Capsule34
AcmoxAcmox 125 Mg Dry Syrup28
StaphymoxStaphymox 250 Mg/250 Mg Tablet24
Acmox DsAcmox Ds 250 Mg Tablet31
AmoxyclavAMOXYCLAV 228.5MG DRY SYRUP 30ML0
Zoxil CvZoxil Cv 1000 Mg/200 Mg Injection151

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References

  1. Center for Disease Control and Prevention [internet], Atlanta (GA): US Department of Health and Human Services; Flu Symptoms & Complications.
  2. McGovern Medical School.Otorhinolaryngology – Head & Neck Surgery. University of Texas [Internet]
  3. Health Harvard Publishing. Harvard Medical School [Internet]. Respiratory tract infection - Is it contagious? Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts.
  4. A.T. Still University of Health Sciences [Internet]. Kirksville,MO: Osteopathic Medical School; Infections Of The Upper Respiratory Tract.
  5. Am Fam Physician. [Internet] American Academy of Family Physicians; Respiratory Tract Infections.
  6. Johns Hopkins Medicine [Internet]. The Johns Hopkins University, The Johns Hopkins Hospital, and Johns Hopkins Health System; Upper Respiratory Infection (URI or Common Cold).
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