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What is tension?

Tension is our body’s response to situations, pressures and events of life. Contributing factors for tension and stress are different from one person to another. Having little or no control over circumstances, feeling overwhelmed while dealing with something unexpected or new can lead to tension. Long-term tension and stress can lead to health problems like high blood pressure, obesity and diabetes.

What are its main signs and symptoms?

The main signs and symptoms associated with tension are:

  • Sleeplessness
  • Lack of self-esteem
  • Tiredness
  • Depression
  • Eating too little or too much
  • Getting involved in harmful habits like drinking alcohol and smoking
  • Difficulty in concentration
  • Loss in weight or gain in weight
  • Headaches
  • Feeling constantly worried
  • Constipation
  • Shock and disbelief
  • Diarrhoea
  • Anxiety
  • Muscle pain
  • Feeling fearful
  • Dizziness

What are the main causes?

The main causes of tension are:

  • Stress related to family, work, and personal issues
  • Stress disorders, for example, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
  • Loss of a close family member
  • Being under too much pressure
  • Pessimism
  • Major life changes
  • Having a baby

How is it diagnosed and treated?

A doctor goes through the medical history and conducts a physical examination to diagnose stress.

Tension is treated using the following methods:

  • Cognitive behavioural therapy: This therapy helps exclude negative feelings and thoughts from the mind and keeps a person calm and positive. It helps in providing relief from sleeping and eating issues and habits like alcohol misuse.
  • Relaxing techniques: Relaxation techniques like meditation, yoga and Tai Chi or aromatherapy with essential oils along with social support and deep breathing exercises are recommended to relax the mind.
  • Physical activity: Regular physical activity is recommended to improve the mood and reduce muscle tension.
  • Group therapy and psychology sessions: Participating in open group and closed group sessions are recommended to help develop emotions, improve social skills and be confident.
  • Therapy for addictions like alcohol use disorder, cannabis use disorder, opioid use disorder and tobacco use disorder.


  1. Medicines for Tension
  2. Doctors for Tension
Dr. Ajay Kumar

Dr. Ajay Kumar

14 Years of Experience

Dr. Saurabh Mehrotra

Dr. Saurabh Mehrotra

24 Years of Experience

Dr. Om Prakash L

Dr. Om Prakash L

3 Years of Experience

Dr. Anil Kumar

Dr. Anil Kumar

12 Years of Experience


  1. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia: US National Library of Medicine; Stress
  2. National Health Service [Internet]. UK; Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT).
  3. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia: US National Library of Medicine; Stress and your health
  4. Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion. Manage Stress. [Internet]
  5. National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health [Internet] Bethesda, Maryland; 5 Things To Know About Relaxation Techniques for Stress
  6. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. Mental Health and Substance Use Disorders. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services [Internet]
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