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What is vitamin B9 deficiency?

Vitamin B9 is also known as folic acid or folate. It is a water-soluble vitamin, which means that the body cannot store it and therefore requires a daily supply from the diet. Vitamin B9 is vital for producing red blood cells (RBCs) which contain haemoglobin and also makes and repairs DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid). Deficiency of vitamin B9 leads to megaloblastic anaemia and is particularly risky if it occurs during pregnancy.

What are its main signs and symptoms?

The main signs and symptoms of vitamin B9 deficiency are:

What are its main causes?

Poor dietary intake leads to folate deficiency. Malabsorption diseases like coeliac disease prevent the absorption of folate from the diet into the blood leading to folate deficiency. Congestive heart failure, dialysis for kidney failure over long periods of time and liver damage can also lead to folate deficiency. Medications like methotrexate, sulfasalazine and medications taken to control seizures also lead to vitamin B9 deficiency.

How is it diagnosed and treated?        

The physician will take a proper history of symptoms and may advise a few laboratory investigations to diagnose the condition. Complete blood count is advised to look for anaemia in patients who are undernourished. Vitamin B9 deficiency causes megaloblastic anaemia, in which the RBCs are larger than normal and are immature. Low vitamin B9 levels in the blood indicate vitamin B9 deficiency. The physician may also obtain a history of medicine intake to rule out malabsorption of vitamin B9 due to other medicines.

Treatment usually includes intake of vitamin B9 supplements. Over-the-counter vitamin B9 tablets are available. Vitamin B9 rich foods, such as eggs, shellfish, beetroot, lentils, peas and green leafy vegetables, are good for overall health.

  1. Medicines for Vitamin B9 deficiency
  2. Doctors for Vitamin B9 deficiency
Dr. B.P Yadav

Dr. B.P Yadav

एंडोक्राइन ग्रंथियों और होर्मोनेस सम्बन्धी विज्ञान

Dr. Vineet Saboo

Dr. Vineet Saboo

एंडोक्राइन ग्रंथियों और होर्मोनेस सम्बन्धी विज्ञान

Dr. JITENDRA GUPTA

Dr. JITENDRA GUPTA

एंडोक्राइन ग्रंथियों और होर्मोनेस सम्बन्धी विज्ञान

Medicines for Vitamin B9 deficiency

Medicines listed below are available for Vitamin B9 deficiency. Please note that you should not take any medicines without doctor consultation. Taking any medicine without doctor's consultation can cause serious problems.

Medicine NamePack SizePrice (Rs.)
AfolAfol Capsule69.0
FecozerFecozer Tablet72.0
Folic Acid TabletFolic Acid 5 Mg Tablet2.0
FolicanFolican Tablet15.0
Folicon TabletFolicon Tablet19.0
FolistarFolistar Capsule144.0
GoodvitGoodvit Tablet15.0
Vitfol(Moxy)Vitfol Tablet10.0
Pregastar PlusPregastar Plus 75 Mg Tablet Sr109.0
Haem UpHaem Up 20 Mg Injection273.9
Anefol XtAnefol Xt Injection34.9
Cpink SCpink S 100 Mg/1.5 Mg Injection251.0
FerocadFerocad Capsule8.87
HaemazeHaemaze Forte Capsule63.0
EvaserveEvaserve 4.5 Mg/75 Mg Tablet450.0
OvstoreOvstore 25 Mg/1.5 Mg Capsule154.0
Harmoni FHarmoni F 2 Mg/0.035 Mg/5 Mg Tablet281.4
Meaxon Gold InjectionMeaxon Gold Injection97.0
VitcofolVitcofol Capsule71.4
Meaxon PlusMeaxon Plus Injection108.0
Nervijen PlusNervijen Plus Capsule111.0
Mext FMext F 7.5 Mg/1 Mg Tablet45.35
TruxofolTruxofol 7.5 Mg/1 Mg Tablet50.0
Pnv PlusPnv Plus 25 Mg/2.5 Mg Tablet39.6
UnifolUnifol 15 Mcg/500 Mcg Injection45.0
FolicamFolicam Tablet11.43
Haem Up FastHaem Up Fast Tablet81.5
HepasafeHepasafe Suspension 200 Ml174.0
Iron + Folic Acid SyrupIron + Folic Acid Syrup28.97
LivopillLivopill Syrup99.5
NervijenNervijen Capsule111.0
NvNv Tabcap127.5
Orofer XtOrofer Xt Dha Kit13.6
RicharRichar Cr 100 Tablet Cr125.0
Zifol XtZifol Xt Suspension136.5

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