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What is delirium?

Delirium is a sudden decline in brain function leading to mental dysfunction. In a state of delirium, a person experiences rapidly changing mental states. It is also called as an acute confusional state.

What are its main signs and symptoms?

  • Rapid changes in mental state are characteristic of delirium. These changes are seen in:
  1. Sudden confusion (disorientation)
  2. Alertness and attention
  3. Feeling and perception
  4. Muscular coordination: In a state of delirium, one may move too slowly (hypoactive) or show restless, agitated movements (hyperactive)
  5. Sleeping patterns or routine 
  6. Emotions and personality
  7. Disturbed consciousness
  8. Impairment in cognitive skills
  • Other symptoms include:
  1. Urinary incontinence
  2. Reduced short-term memory and recall (Read more: Memory loss causes)
  3. Clouding of consciousness or awareness
  4. Disorganized thinking that is evident when opinions are voiced
  5. Tremor-like movements triggered by changes in the nervous system
  6. Difficulty in concentrating

What are its main causes?

Delirium is a multifactorial condition.:  

  •  Delirium may occur secondary to an underlying condition, which may include:
    • Dementia (an irreversible, slow onset disorder affecting an individual’s memory)
    • Life-threatening illnesses like stroke; neurologic infections/inflammations like meningitis, encephalitis, and brain abscess; brain tumour; brain injury
    • Major surgery
  • Some common, reversible causes include: (non-neurologic causes)
    • Imbalance in chemicals that transmit nerve signals.
    • Drug overdose, adverse drug reactions, or drug interactions.
    • Alcohol abuse. Delirium may also occur as a withdrawal symptom when one tries to stop habitual drinking of alcohol.
    • Electrolyte imbalance, hormonal disorders.
    • Systemic infections, urinary tract infections, respiratory system infections.

 How is it diagnosed and treated?

 Medical history of the person along with patient observation is vital to diagnose delirium.

  • Your doctor may also require you to undergo a few tests in order to assess neurological function:
    • Cognitive function tests
    • Test for perception and motor skill evaluation.
    • Your doctor may also evaluate your thinking with some simple and standard questions.
  • Other investigations include:
    • Chest X-ray
    • EEG (Electroencephalogram)
    • Cerebrospinal fluid test
    • MRI or CT scans of the brain
    • Urine tests

Delirium shows symptoms similar to dementia. Sudden occurrence of delirium and visual hallucinations help in differentiating it from dementia.

Treatment for delirium addresses the underlying causative factors.

  • Non- pharmacological methods include:
    • Supportive care: Medical and hospital care should be given to the patient, attention to social needs and the patient’s environment is essential. Creating a stable and familiar environment helps the patient.
    • Sleeping routines should be maintained. Problems related to sleep should be treated with milk, massage, or herbal tea.
    • Physiotherapy and daily walk helps in improving motor skills.
    • It is always better to hire a professional nurse at home.
    • Behaviour modification therapy.
  • Pharmacological therapy includes:
    • Medications to treat underlying precipitating factors like infection, pain, chronic illness, and allergy.
    • Antipsychotic drugs.
    • Rarely, mild sedatives may be used in case of agitation and restlessness.
  1. Medicines for Delirium
  2. Doctors for Delirium
Dr. Amar Golder

Dr. Amar Golder

साइकेट्री

Dr. Arvind Gautam

Dr. Arvind Gautam

साइकेट्री

Dr. Ramesh Ammati

Dr. Ramesh Ammati

साइकेट्री

Medicines for Delirium

Medicines listed below are available for Delirium. Please note that you should not take any medicines without doctor consultation. Taking any medicine without doctor's consultation can cause serious problems.

Medicine NamePack SizePrice (Rs.)
AnxibriumAnxibrium 10 Mg Tablet22.0
AnxonAnxon 10 Mg Tablet31.0
CloxideCloxide 10 Mg Tablet17.0
EquilibriumEquilibrium 10 Mg Tablet44.0
LibrateLibrate 10 Mg Tablet20.0
LibriumLibrium 10 Mg Tablet49.0
PoxidPoxid 10 Mg Tablet15.0
TribriumTribrium 10 Mg Tablet21.0
VizepVizep 10 Mg Tablet22.0
Zepox (Mayflower)Zepox 10 Mg Tablet14.0
AnxizideAnxizide 10 Mg Tablet10.0
CaxCax 25 Mg Tablet15.0
CebrumCebrum 10 Mg Tablet17.0
Corel (Thrift)Corel Tablet19.0
LibrelLibrel 10 Mg Tablet59.0
PeaceoxidePeaceoxide 10 Mg Tablet11.0
SerelibSerelib 10 Mg Tablet9.0
TridiumTridium 10 Mg Tablet17.0
XideXide 10 Mg Tablet20.0
AlbiumAlbium 10 Mg Tablet2.0
TriposeTripose 1 Mg/10 Mg Tablet58.72
AculipAculip 25 Mg/10 Mg Tablet72.0
Aculip HAculip H 12.5 Mg/10 Mg Tablet24.66
Aldep C TabletAldep C Tablet26.93
Aldep HAldep H Tablet23.0
AmichlorAmichlor 12.5 Mg/5 Mg Tablet20.33
Amichlor DsAmichlor Ds 25 Mg/10 Mg Tablet24.02
Amicon ForteAmicon Forte 25 Mg/10 Mg Tablet44.06
Amicon PlusAmicon Plus 5 Mg/12.5 Mg Tablet35.0
Amilift DxAmilift Dx 12.5 Mg/5 Mg Tablet25.0
AmipoxAmipox 25 Mg/10 Mg Capsule19.22
Amitar Forte TabletAmitar Forte Tablet34.28
Amitar Plus TabletAmitar Plus Tablet23.93
Amitop PlusAmitop Plus 25 Mg/10 Mg Tablet37.5
Amitril PlusAmitril Plus 12.5 Mg/5 Mg Tablet18.1
Amitryn CAmitryn C 12.5 Mg/5 Mg Tablet30.26
Amitryn C PlusAmitryn C Plus 25 Mg/10 Mg Tablet47.83
Amivane ForteAmivane Forte 25 Mg/10 Mg Tablet27.62
Amivane PlusAmivane Plus 12.5 Mg/5 Mg Tablet25.5
Amixide HAmixide H 12.5 Mg/5 Mg Tablet31.5
AmizeAmize 12.5 Mg/5 Mg Tablet27.5
Amize ForteAmize Forte 25 Mg/10 Mg Tablet33.33
AmizepAmizep 25 Mg/10 Mg Tablet28.5
Amizep HAmizep H 12.5 Mg/5 Mg Tablet19.8
Amypres C (Psycormedies)Amypres C 12.5 Mg/5 Mg Tablet13.0
ChlortripChlortrip 12.5 Mg/5 Mg Tablet15.5
ChlotripChlotrip 12.5 Mg/5 Mg Tablet18.9
Corel ForteCorel Forte Tablet45.0
Corel PlusCorel Plus Tablet29.62
Cotrip ForteCotrip Forte 25 Mg/10 Mg Tablet15.62
Depline ForteDepline Forte 25 Mg/10 Mg Tablet18.51
Depline PlusDepline Plus 12.5 Mg/5 Mg Tablet18.47
DtrypDtryp 12.5 Mg/5 Mg Tablet20.0
EmotripEmotrip 12.5 Mg/5 Mg Tablet19.8
KimitripKimitrip 12.5 Mg/5 Mg Tablet30.8
Kimitrip DsKimitrip Ds 25 Mg/10 Mg Tablet41.0
Libotryp TabletLibotryp 12.5 Mg/5 Mg Tablet37.5
LimbitrolLimbitrol 10 Mg/25 Mg Tablet34.2
Limbitrol HLimbitrol H 12.5 Mg/5 Mg Tablet21.0
Limbival ForteLimbival Forte 25 Mg/10 Mg Tablet37.5
Merital HMerital H 12.5 Mg/5 Mg Tablet26.0
Relidep PlusRelidep Plus 25 Mg/10 Mg Tablet22.0
Relidep Plus HRelidep Plus H 12.5 Mg/5 Mg Tablet16.0
Trikonol ForteTrikonol Forte 25 Mg/5 Mg Tablet29.0
Trikonol PlusTrikonol Plus 10 Mg/5 Mg Tablet23.0
Triline Plus HTriline Plus H 12.5 Mg/5 Mg Tablet15.71
TripoxTripox 12.5 Mg/5 Mg Tablet33.71
Tripox DsTripox Ds 25 Mg/10 Mg Tablet58.22
TrixideTrixide 12.5 Mg/5 Mg Tablet27.0
Trixide HTrixide H 25 Mg/10 Mg Tablet18.0
Tryp ChTryp Ch Tablet24.0
Tryp CTryp C Tablet30.0
Typlin C(Sterkem)Typlin 12.5 Mg/5 Mg Tablet27.0
Typlin C Plus(Sterkem)Typlin C Plus 25 Mg/10 Mg Tablet35.0
Typlin C Plus(Surmuont)Typlin C Plus Tablet35.0
Typlin C(Surmuont)Typlin Tablet27.0
Amipox HAmipox H 12.5 Mg/5 Mg Tablet15.0
Amitone ForteAmitone Forte 25 Mg/10 Mg Tablet33.5
Amitone PlusAmitone Plus 12.5 Mg/5 Mg Tablet24.5
Amitop Plus HAmitop Plus H Tablet22.07
AmixideAmixide 10 Mg Tablet45.0
Chlormit HChlormit H Tablet14.28
ChlormitChlormit Tablet15.23
Chlortrip DsChlortrip Ds Tablet28.23
Ditryp HDitryp H Tablet35.0
Ditryp PlusDitryp Plus Tablet23.07
KimixideKimixide Tablet28.0
Kimixide DsKimixide Ds Tablet39.5
Libral (Scorsis)Libral 12.5 Mg/5 Mg Tablet129.93
Libral (Srs)Libral Kid Tablet56.37
LimbivalLimbival 12.5 Mg/5 Mg Tablet26.97
MeritalMerital Tablet32.0
Triplex ForteTriplex Forte Tablet20.8
Triplex PlusTriplex Plus Tablet13.95
Triptal PlusTriptal Plus Tablet21.0
TrumitTrumit 12.5 Mg/5 Mg Tablet24.0
AndepAndep 10 Mg/1 Mg Tablet34.65
Anxibrium TAnxibrium T Tablet23.1
AnxisernAnxisern 1 Mg/10 Mg Tablet13.62
AnxizineAnxizine 1 Mg/10 Mg Tablet24.9
ChlozepChlozep 1 Mg/10 Mg Tablet32.7
Cloxide PlusCloxide Plus 10 Mg/1 Mg Tablet26.4
FlanxFlanx 1 Mg/10 Mg Tablet28.5
JotalJotal 1 Mg/10 Mg Tablet15.91
LibocalmLibocalm 1 Mg/10 Mg Tablet17.06
LibrolentLibrolent 1 Mg/10 Mg Tablet30.6
NormozinNormozin 1 Mg/10 Mg Tablet4.73
PeacePeace 1 Mg/10 Mg Tablet18.5
SereposeSerepose 1 Mg/10 Mg Tablet24.2
SycoseSycose 1 Mg/10 Mg Tablet25.0
TensinilTensinil 1 Mg/10 Mg Tablet25.0
TricalmTricalm 10 Mg/1 Mg Tablet19.8
TrichTrich 1 Mg/10 Mg Tablet11.05
TrixiaTrixia 1 Mg/10 Mg Tablet15.4
TrizepTrizep 1 Mg/10 Mg Tablet12.5
AngirexAngirex Tablet46.71
CerekulCerekul 1 Mg/10 Mg Tablet25.81
FitFit 1 Mg/10 Mg Tablet132.0
NorvalNorval Tablet36.0
Norval HNorval H Tablet31.0
ParazineParazine Suspension35.38
Relicalm CdRelicalm Cd Tablet24.77
TricoseTricose 1 Mg/10 Mg Tablet28.68
TrizenTrizen 1 Mg/10 Mg Tablet19.22
TrukarTrukar 1 Mg/10 Mg Tablet20.0
AnxitabAnxitab Tablet27.64
DepsodepDepsodep 25 Mg/10 Mg Tablet19.0
AurinormAurinorm 2.5 Mg/5 Mg Tablet32.25
Clidox MClidox M 5 Mg/2.5 Mg Tablet28.57
CromideCromide 5 Mg/2.5 Mg Tablet12.5
Dvn IbsDvn Ibs 5 Mg/2.5 Mg Tablet60.0
EquirexEquirex 5 Mg/2.5 Mg Tablet53.0
GutrexGutrex 2.5 Mg/5 Mg Tablet34.0
Gutrex DGutrex D 2.5 Mg/5 Mg Tablet39.0
Normaxin CcNormaxin Cc 5 Mg/2.5 Mg Tablet25.5
SereconSerecon 2.5 Mg/5 Mg Tablet36.3
SpasraxSpasrax 2.5 Mg/5 Mg Tablet44.1
Surex TabletSurex Tablet81.0
TribsTribs 2.5 Mg/5 Mg Tablet35.0
UlconUlcon 2.5 Mg/5 Mg Tablet36.0
Ulcon PUlcon P 2.5 Mg/5 Mg Tablet29.0
ClidopilClidopil 5 Mg/2.5 Mg Tablet35.0
LibnamLibnam 2.5 Mg/5 Mg Tablet8.75
LibopilLibopil 2.5 Mg/5 Mg Tablet5.68
LibratexLibratex 2.5 Mg/5 Mg Tablet34.2
LibraxLibrax 5 Mg/2.5 Mg Tablet71.0
LogirexLogirex 5 Mg/2.5 Mg Tablet30.0
SpasrilSpasril Tablet36.1
Chlozep PlusChlozep Plus 10 Mg/1 Mg/2 Mg Tablet27.75
Egret ForteEgret Forte 50 Mg/5 Mg/2 Mg Tablet15.37
Peradyl FortePeradyl Forte Tablet13.0
Sizonorm ForteSizonorm Forte Tablet16.2
ClidoxClidox 2.5 Mg/5 Mg/10 Mg Tablet33.33
ClistarClistar 2.5 Mg/5 Mg/10 Mg Tablet25.37
CyclonCyclon 2.5 Mg/5 Mg/10 Mg Tablet24.13
Molib SpasMolib Spas 2.5 Mg/5 Mg/10 Mg Tablet33.72
NoribsNoribs 2.5 Mg/5 Mg/10 Mg Tablet91.12
NormaxinNormaxin 2.5 Mg/5 Mg/10 Mg Tablet18.0
Serecon DSerecon D 2.5 Mg/5 Mg/10 Mg Tablet32.0
Tribs DTribs D Tablet38.43
Ulrax DUlrax D 2.5 Mg/5 Mg/10 Mg Tablet30.0
ZibraZibra 2.5 Mg/5 Mg/10 Mg Tablet39.0
CibisCibis Tablet35.4
Cromide ForteCromide Forte Forte Tablet8.0
Equipil DEquipil D 2.5 Mg/5 Mg/20 Mg Capsule11.25
SpasbalSpasbal 2.5 Mg/5 Mg/10 Mg Tablet33.37
Codep 37Codep 37 Tablet0.0
PolytabPolytab Tablet23.8
Matiz PlusMatiz Plus 5 Mg/135 Mg Tablet82.0
Normaxin RtNormaxin Rt Tablet50.0
UlraxUlrax 20 Mg/5 Mg/2.5 Mg Tablet77.0
Dr. Reckeweg Acid Hydrocyanic DilutionAcid Hydrocyanic Dilution 1 M155.0
ADEL 10Adel 10 Deasth Drop215.0
ADEL 24Adel 24 Septonsil Drop215.0
ADEL 25Adel 25 Somcupin Drop215.0
ADEL 32Adel 32 Opsonat Drop215.0
ADEL 43Adel 43 Cardinorma Drop215.0
ADEL 44Adel 44 Venorbis Drop215.0
ADEL 54Adel 54 Cangust Drop215.0
ADEL 7Adel 7 Apo Tuss Drop215.0
ADEL 87Adel 87 Apo Infekt Drop215.0
Schwabe Alpha-TSAlpha Ts Drop89.0
Schwabe Alpha-WDAlpha Wd Drop90.0
ADEL BC No 10Biocombination No. 10 Tablet135.0
ADEL BC No 25Biocombination No. 25 Tablet135.0
Schwabe KlimaktolanKlimaktolan Tablet220.0
Dr. Reckeweg Lachesis DilutionLachesis Dilution 1 M155.0
ADEL Lachesis DilutionLachesis Mutus Dilution 1 M155.0
Omeo Sleep DropsOmeo Sleep Drop218.0
Dr. Reckeweg R10Reckeweg R10 Climacteric Drop200.0
Dr. Reckeweg R1Reckeweg R1 Inflammation Drop200.0
Dr. Reckeweg R22Reckeweg R22 Nervous Disorders Drop200.0
Dr. Reckeweg R32Reckeweg R32 Excessive Perspiration Drop200.0
Dr. Reckeweg R37Reckeweg R37 Intestinal Colic Drop200.0
Dr. Reckeweg R39Reckeweg R39 Affections Of The Abdomen Left Side Drop200.0
Dr. Reckeweg R47Reckeweg R47 Hysteric Drop200.0
Dr. Reckeweg R67Reckeweg R67 Heart Circulatory Debility Drop200.0
Dr. Reckeweg R89Reckeweg R89 Hair Care Drop230.0

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