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What are head and neck cancers?

Head and neck encompass several organs, which include the mouth, nose, brain, salivary glands, sinuses, throat and lymph nodes. Thus, these cancers are the 6th most common variant, responsible for 6% of total cancer cases in the world. The most commonly affected area is the mouth, and elderly men are at higher risk of developing these cancers.

What are its main signs and symptoms?

Due to several structures present in the head an neck area, signs and symptoms of these cancers depend on the structures that are affected. Yet, there are certain common signs and symptoms, which include:

  • Lump in the neck
  • Chronic cough
  • Weight loss (>10% of total body weight)
  • Dysphagia (difficulty swallowing)
  • Enlarged lymph nodes in the neck region
  • Headache
  • Facial numbness

What are its main causes?

Any cell in our body can turn cancerous due to mutation. This mutation can occur due to several factors and thus it is difficult to pinpoint the cause. These risk factors include:

  • Use of tobacco
  • Alcohol consumption
  • Strong family history
  • Older age
  • Male gender
  • Poor nutritional status
  • Exposure to dust, metal particles and radioactive substances
  • Exposure to harmful X-rays

How are they diagnosed and treated?

A medical history along with proper clinical examination usually hints at the diagnosis. However, certain invasive and non-invasive investigations are required to classify this cancer using the tumour-node-metastasis (TNM) staging, which is crucial for deciding the treatment plan.

  • Blood investigations – General routine blood investigations are needed to rule out underlying disease conditions:
    • Complete blood count (CBC)
    • Liver function test
    • Kidney function test
  • CT scan – CT scan of head and neck gives an idea about the extent of the cancer
  • PET scan – PET scan is crucial in determining the extent of spread to distant organs as well
  • MRI scan – More accurate than CT scan in deciding the extent of cancer
  • Fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) – Either ultrasound guided or CT guided, which helps in taking a biopsy from the cancerous tissue to give details on the histological type of the cancer

Treatment of these cancers, like any other cancer, involves either surgery, chemotherapy, immunotherapy, or radiation therapy or a  combination of these therapies.

  • Surgery – It is the main line of treatment for these cancers, where the entire affected structure is removed, or cancer cells are removed surgically.
  • Chemotherapy – Along with immunotherapy, chemotherapy helps in killing the cancerous cells. In some cases, chemotherapy is given prior to the surgery to downstage cancer, and then the cancerous cells are removed surgically.
  • Radiation therapy –Radiation therapy involves irradiating the affected structure to kill cancerous cells.
  1. Medicines for Head and neck cancer

Medicines for Head and neck cancer

Medicines listed below are available for Head and neck cancer. Please note that you should not take any medicines without doctor consultation. Taking any medicine without doctor's consultation can cause serious problems.

Medicine NamePack SizePrice (Rs.)
CelplatCelplat 10 Mg Injection94.0
CisplatCisplat 10 Mg Injection94.0
CisteenCisteen 10 Mg Injection81.0
CizcanCizcan 10 Mg Injection77.0
CytoplatinCytoplatin 10 Mg Injection93.0
KemoplatKemoplat 10 Mg Injection84.0
PlatikemPlatikem 10 Mg Injection187.0
Platikem NovoPlatikem Novo 100 Mg Injection886.0
Platin (Cadila)Platin 10 Mg Injection78.0
PlatinexPlatinex 10 Mg Injection64.0
CisglanCisglan 50 Mg Infusion452.0
Oncoplatin AqOncoplatin Aq 10 Mg Injection87.0
PlatifirstPlatifirst 10 Mg Injection107.0
PlatiparPlatipar 10 Mg Injection150.0
SlatinSlatin 50 Mg Infusion315.0
UniplatinUniplatin 10 Mg Injection106.0
DaxotelDaxotel 120 Mg Injection14666.0
DoceaqualipDoceaqualip 20 Mg Injection4571.0
DocelDocel 120 Mg Injection14500.0
DocetereDocetere 120 Mg Injection14800.0
DocetrustDocetrust 120 Mg Injection12722.0
DocezapDocezap 120 Mg Injection13761.0
DoxazDoxaz 120 Mg Injection6309.0
TaxocareTaxocare 120 Mg Injection10000.0
TaxotereTaxotere 20 Mg Injection5265.0
ZytaxZytax 20 Mg Injection2890.0
CeltereCeltere 120 Mg Injection7004.0
ChemodocChemodoc 120 Mg Injection5011.0
Dc FillDc Fill 120 Mg Injection15000.0
DocaxDocax 120 Mg Injection2325.0
DocecadDocecad 120 Mg Injection16354.0
DocefrezDocefrez 20 Mg Injection2916.0
DocenatDocenat 120 Mg Injection15000.0
DoceparDocepar 120 Mg Injection15000.0
DocetaxDocetax 120 Mg Injection3622.0
DocetecDocetec 120 Mg Injection15290.0
D TailD Tail 20 Mg Injection3000.0
DtaxaneDtaxane 120 Mg Injection17245.0
Glantax DGlantax D 120 Mg Injection14835.0
TaxedolTaxedol 120 Mg Injection19750.0
TaxubaTaxuba 120 Mg Injection13333.0
TubitereTubitere 120 Mg Injection10625.0
Tubitere NovoTubitere Novo 120 Mg Injection11687.0
ZenotereZenotere 120 Mg Injection11838.0
BenzoxelBenzoxel 120 Mg Tablet16500.0
DocitinDocitin 120 Mg Injection14500.0
DoxelDoxel 20 Mg Injection2339.0
Solvent For DocetaxelSolvent For Docetaxel 120 Mg Injection31.0
Solvent For Docetaxel ConcentrateSolvent For Docetaxel Concentrate 120 Mg Injection29.0
FolitraxFolitrax 10 Mg Tablet158.0
ImutrexImutrex 10 Mg Tablet64.0
MeditrexMeditrex 10 Mg Tablet161.0
MerexMerex 1000 Mg Injection750.0
MethocelMethocel 1000 Mg Injection904.0
Mexate TabletMexate 10 Mg Tablet64.0
Mext TabletMext 10 Mg Tablet161.0
NeotrexateNeotrexate 2.5 Mg Tablet51.0
OncotrexOncotrex 10 Mg Tablet157.0
RemtrexRemtrex 15 Mg Injection65.0
HitrexHitrex 15 Mg Injection51.0
MethMeth 2.5 Mg Tablet50.0
MethocipMethocip 50 Mg Injection48.0
MethofastMethofast 15 Mg Injection52.0
Mexate Combipack 25 Mg InjectionMexate Combipack 25 Mg Injection55.0
RhutraxRhutrax 15 Mg Tablet249.0
RhutrexRhutrex 10 Mg Tablet156.0
TrexTrex 2.5 Mg Tablet36.0
TrexoparTrexopar 15 Mg Injection55.0
UnitrexateUnitrexate 15 Mg Injection48.0
VibziVibzi 5 Mg Tablet67.0
AlimtaAlimta 100 Mg Injection17683.0
PemcurePemcure 100 Mg Injection1500.0
PemexPemex 500 Mg Injection25400.0
PemgemPemgem 100 Mg Injection4882.47
PemmetPemmet 100 Mg Injection1389.26
PemnatPemnat 100 Mg Injection4900.0
PemotidePemotide 100 Mg Injection2362.5
PexetrustPexetrust 100 Mg Injection1812.5
PexitazPexitaz 100 Mg Injection2422.17
PleumetPleumet 100 Mg Injection4663.47
PamiglanPamiglan 500 Mg Infusion156451.0
PemecadPemecad 100 Mg Injection6040.2
PemeetronPemeetron 100 Mg Injection5142.86
PemexarPemexar 100 Mg Injection5000.0
PemproPempro 100 Mg Injection8500.0
PexotraPexotra 100 Mg Injection2350.0
TemeranTemeran 100 Mg Injection1980.0
ZupemedZupemed 100 Mg Injection4333.33
5 Flucel5 Flucel 250 Mg Injection12.0
ChemofluraChemoflura 250 Mg Injection10.4
FivocilFivocil 250 Mg Injection11.7
FivofluFivoflu 250 Mg Injection15.0
FlocilFlocil 250 Mg Injection29.03
FloracFlorac 250 Mg Injection11.07
FluoncoFluonco 250 Mg Injection69.0
FluracilFluracil 250 Mg Injection12.04
KucilKucil 250 Mg Injection12.5
OncoflourOncoflour 250 Mg Injection13.5
CytodroxCytodrox 500 Mg Capsule135.0
DureaDurea 500 Mg Capsule147.62
HondreaHondrea 500 Mg Capsule122.44
HydabHydab 500 Mg Capsule152.0
Hydrox LHydrox L 500 Mg Capsule72.86
MyelostatMyelostat 500 Mg Capsule103.7
MylostatMylostat 500 Mg Capsule94.64
OndreaOndrea 500 Mg Capsule55.58
RiboreaRiborea 500 Mg Capsule120.0
UnidreaUnidrea 500 Mg Capsule124.0
HydranHydran 500 Mg Capsule100.0
HydreaHydrea 100 Mg Capsule138.47
HydrogemHydrogem 500 Mg Capsule50.0
HydroxHydrox 500 Mg Capsule73.25
LeukocelLeukocel 500 Mg Tablet140.0
NeodreaNeodrea 500 Mg Capsule82.8
HytasHytas 1000 Mg Capsule46.18
LyomitLyomit 10 Mg Injection430.83
Mitomycin CMitomycin C 10 Mg Injection522.0
OncocinOncocin 10 Mg Injection333.33
ErbituxErbitux 100 Mg Infusion94544.4
FlonidaFlonida 1% W/W Cream78.0
FluoFluo Cream120.21
Biomab EgfrBiomab Egfr 50 Mg Injection51241.9
Mext FMext F 7.5 Mg/1 Mg Tablet45.35
TruxofolTruxofol 7.5 Mg/1 Mg Tablet50.0

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