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What is Hepatitis C?

Hepatitis C refers to the inflammation of the liver caused by the hepatitis C virus (HCV). The primary mode of transmission is through blood. The disease develops as an acute infection and progresses to chronic in 80% of the affected. The acute infection lasts for a maximum of 6 months and recovery is possible without any treatment while the chronic infection lasts for a longer duration and may lead to cirrhosis and carcinoma (cancer).

Based on the genotype, HCV is classified into 6 types ranging from 1 to 6. Genotype 3 is the most commonly reported in India followed by genotype 1. Identification of genotype is necessary to provide appropriate treatment.

According to WHO, the prevalence of HCV infection in the Indian subcontinent is 0.5 - 1% against 1.6% worldwide and proves as a threat to the population.

What are its main signs and symptoms?

Acute phase

Time usually taken for your symptoms to appear varies from 2 weeks to 6 months. 80% of infected individuals are asymptomatic but may experience:

  • Weakness
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Reduced appetite
  • Yellow discolouration of the eyes and the skin
  • Abdominal discomfort

Chronic phase

In later stages, there is:

What are the main causes?

HCV is mainly transmitted by blood through the following ways:

  • Sharing of needles and personal products like razors in drug users
  • Usage of infected needles and syringes in hospitals
  • Inappropriate sterilization of medical equipment
  • Blood transfusion with contaminated blood

Other modes of transmission are:

  • Sexual route
  • Mother to baby

Infection doesn’t spread through contaminated food and water nor by sharing household items.

How is it diagnosed and treated?

If you experience the mentioned symptoms, consult your doctor and he/she may recommend  blood tests to determine the level of liver enzymes along with HCV antibody (Anti -HCV) and HCV ribonucleic acid (HCV RNA) tests to detect the virus. This test can detect the virus within just a week..

Liver biopsy is done to identify the extent of liver damage. HCV genotype testing is also carried out prior to initiation of therapy.

Direct acting antivirals are the newest drugs available for the treatment of hepatitis C infection with a treatment duration of 3 months. Due to the unaffordable nature of newer agents in India, conventional therapy is still used widely.

Currently, no vaccination is available for prevention of infection, but the disease can be prevented to a great extent by reducing the exposure to the virus (avoiding needle and syringe sharing, blood transfusion and sexual contact with affected individuals).

Proper adherence to the medication given by your doctor can help overcome the infection and improve your quality of life.

  1. Medicines for Hepatitis C
  2. Doctors for Hepatitis C
Dr. Mahesh Kumar Gupta

Dr. Mahesh Kumar Gupta

गैस्ट्रोएंटरोलॉजी

Dr. Raajeev Hingorani

Dr. Raajeev Hingorani

गैस्ट्रोएंटरोलॉजी

Dr. Vineet Mishra

Dr. Vineet Mishra

गैस्ट्रोएंटरोलॉजी

Medicines for Hepatitis C

Medicines listed below are available for Hepatitis C. Please note that you should not take any medicines without doctor consultation. Taking any medicine without doctor's consultation can cause serious problems.

Medicine NamePack SizePrice (Rs.)
HepcinatHepcinat 400 Mg Tablet18952.4
My HepMy Hep 400 Mg Tablet19146.4
CimivirCimivir 400 Mg Tablet19038.1
HepcvirHepcvir 400 Mg Tablet10800.0
NovisofNovisof 400 Mg Tablet19146.4
ReclaimReclaim Tablet20000.0
ResofResof 400 Mg Tablet18207.71
SofabSofab 400 Mg Tablet3790.55
SofocruzSofocruz 400 Mg Tablet19900.0
SofocureSofocure Tablet17517.51
SofokemSofokem Tablet18207.71
SovihepSovihep 400 Mg Tablet19900.0
ViroclearViroclear 400 Mg Tablet20000.0
MydaclaMydacla 60 Mg Tablet5772.78
NatdacNatdac 60 Mg Tablet6000.0
DacihepDacihep 60 Mg Tablet6000.0
DaclacruzDaclacruz 60 Mg Tablet6000.0
DaclacureDaclacure 60 Mg Tablet5772.78
DaclafabDaclafab 60 Mg Tablet5772.78
DaclahepDaclahep 60 Mg Tablet6000.0
DaclakemDaclakem 60 Mg Tablet6607.56
DaclitofDaclitof 60 Mg Tablet5759.21
DalsiclearDalsiclear 60 Mg Tablet6060.08
HepcdacHepcdac 60 Mg Tablet7000.0
HepcfixHepcfix 60 Mg Tablet6000.0
LupidecLupidec Tablet6000.0
PegihepPegihep 100 Mcg Injection16470.0
PegvirPegvir 100 Mcg Injection15000.0
ReliferonReliferon 3 Miu Injection500.0
EglitonEgliton 3 Miu Injection380.95
IntalfaIntalfa 3 Miu Injection547.61
ShanferonShanferon 3 Miu Injection892.85
ZavinexZavinex 3 Miu Injection1175.0
TaspianceTaspiance 180 Mg Injection9175.0
RebetolRebetol 200 Mg Capsule1175.23
HeptosHeptos 200 Mg Capsule120.0
RibahepRibahep Capsule750.0
RibavinRibavin 200 Mg Capsule344.5
RinhibRinhib 200 Mg Tablet1666.66

Do you or anyone in your family have this disease? Please do a survey and help others

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