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What is keratitis ichthyosis deafness syndrome (KID)?

Keratitis-ichthyosis-deafness syndrome (KID) is an uncommon condition which results in skin problems, eye disorders, and loss of hearing. It is a disorder which occurs at birth (congenital). Mostly, the syndrome is seen in paediatric patients, especially infants. About 12% cases, mainly infants, may develop squamous cell carcinoma of the skin (a type of cancer). Globally, only about 100 cases of KID syndrome are reported.

What are its main signs and symptoms?

The characteristic symptoms of the condition include:

  • Difficulty in hearing, usually severe
  • Skin issues:
    • Dry erythematous skin (abnormal redness of skin)
    • Hardening of the skin
    • Scale formation
  • Eye issues:
    • Inflammation of the cornea
    • Unusual blood vessel formation around the cornea
    • Sensitivity to light
    • Fibrous tissue formation
  • Partial hair loss
  • Abnormal nails

What are its main causes?

The major genetic factor that is responsible for this condition is the gene named GJB2. This gene plays a pivotal role in the formation of a protein called connexin 26. When there is a defect in the GJB2 gene, it results in faulty transmission of ions that are essential for the normal growth and development of the cells; eventually, these cells die. If both the parents have an abnormal gene, then there is a 100% chance that the child will also get this condition. The risk involved in getting an offspring with KID syndrome is around 50%, with every pregnancy.

How is it diagnosed and treated?

Usually, the doctor will conduct a physical examination with symptom analysis, patient medical history, and laboratory tests. Doctors may also order genetic tests to detect any genetic mutations. These tests can provide them with information about the severity of the condition.

The treatment pattern involves care of the affected organs- the skin, the eyes, and the ears. Skin issues are usually treated with soothing agents that prevent dehydration of the skin. Eye problems may be treated by an ophthalmologist and appropriate medications may be given. Hearing aids or use of corticosteroids may be beneficial.

The prognosis of this condition seems to be variable, however, fatal results are uncommon.

  1. Medicines for Keratitis Ichthyosis Deafness Syndrome (KID)

Medicines for Keratitis Ichthyosis Deafness Syndrome (KID)

Medicines listed below are available for Keratitis Ichthyosis Deafness Syndrome (KID). Please note that you should not take any medicines without doctor consultation. Taking any medicine without doctor's consultation can cause serious problems.

Medicine Name
Acton Prolongatum खरीदें
Acton खरीदें
Ifiral खरीदें
Cromal खरीदें
Cromol खरीदें
Opticrom खरीदें

References

  1. National Institutes of Health. Keratitis-ichthyosis-deafness syndrome. U.S Department of Health and Human Services; [Internet]
  2. National Centre for Advancing Translational Science. KID syndrome. U.S Department of Health and Human Services
  3. Foundation for Icthyosis & Related Skin Types. What is Keratitis-Ichthyosis-Deafness (KID) syndrome?. [Internet].
  4. The Hearing Loss Association of America. Types, Causes and Treatment. [Internet]
  5. U.S Department of Health and Human Services. Keratitis-ichthyosis-deafness syndrome. National Library of Medicine.

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