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What is scarlet fever?

Scarlet fever is an infection caused by bacteria called streptococci. An infected person takes 2-5 days to develop symptoms of the condition. It is a type of communicable disease found commonly in children and begins with a sore throat. However, adults may be the prime carriers of the bacteria. Fever, vomiting, chills and abdominal pain are other symptoms of the condition, while children may develop a whitish coating on the tongue. Overall, the bacterium may cause tonsillitis, skin infection and acute rheumatic fever.

What are its main signs and symptoms?

Signs and symptoms of the condition are:

  • Sore throat
  • Fever
  • Swollen red tonsils
  • Swollen or strawberry (red and bumpy) tongue
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Loss of appetite
  • A fine red rash, like a sunburn all over the body giving the disease the name- scarlet fever

In extreme cases, the condition may give rise to complications like:

  • Pus pockets around tonsils
  • Swollen lymph nodes
  • Skin or ear infection
  • Rheumatic fever
  • Pneumonia
  • Joint inflammation or arthritis

What are the main causes?

The infection gets transmitted by:

  • Breathing droplets containing the bacteria from a cough or sneeze of infected people
  • Direct contact with an infected person
  • Contact with contaminated surfaces and then touching the mouth or nose
  • Sharing personal items like towels, clothing or food

How is it diagnosed and treated?

A strep test is done to diagnose the condition by swabbing the throat and examining the swab under a microscope. Further, a throat culture swab can be undertaken by the doctors to confirm the existence of scarlet fever. This is important for children and teens since they are at risk of developing a rheumatic fever from untreated scarlet fever.

Treatment of the condition involves antibiotic therapy using penicillin or amoxicillin. The regimen should be adopted to last 20 days, although many recover by the fifth day itself. Fever and pain medications may be advised. Home remedies include gargling with salt water, drinking adequate fluids and having comfort foods like warm soups.

 

  1. Medicines for Scarlet Fever
  2. Doctors for Scarlet Fever
Dr. Neha Gupta

Dr. Neha Gupta

संक्रामक रोग

Dr. Jogya Bori

Dr. Jogya Bori

संक्रामक रोग

Dr. Lalit Shishara

Dr. Lalit Shishara

संक्रामक रोग

Medicines for Scarlet Fever

Medicines listed below are available for Scarlet Fever. Please note that you should not take any medicines without doctor consultation. Taking any medicine without doctor's consultation can cause serious problems.

Medicine NamePack SizePrice (Rs.)
L CinL Cin 0.50% Eye/Ear Drops32
GigaquinGigaquin 500 Mg Tablet52
Heal UpHeal Up 500 Mg Tablet62
HinlevoHinlevo 500 Mg Tablet36
InfaxInfax 500 Mg Tablet32
JetfloxJetflox 500 Mg Tablet33
JoycinJoycin 500 Mg Tablet0
L250L250 250 Mg Tablet16
L500L500 500 Mg Tablet32
LamiwinLamiwin 500 Mg Infusion96
Lamiwin (Biochem)Lamiwin 500 Mg Tablet32
LamwinLamwin 250 Mg Tablet9
LavidLavid 500 Mg Tablet64
LazanolLazanol 750 Mg Tablet36
LeapfloxLeapflox 250 Mg Tablet37
SBL Solanum nigrum DilutionSBL Solanum nigrum Dilution 1000 CH86
LebactLEBACT 500MG TABLET 10S74
LebroadLebroad 500 Mg Tablet51
LecinLecin 250 Mg Tablet13
LeeactLeeact 500 Mg Tablet0
Leflox(Mar)Leflox 500 Mg Tablet47
Leflox(Snw)Leflox Eye Drops42
LefoxLefox 500 Mg Tablet65
LemedLemed 250 Mg Tablet29

Do you or anyone in your family have this disease? Please do a survey and help others

References

  1. Department of Health Scarlet fever. Government of Western Australia [Internet]
  2. Center for Disease Control and Prevention [internet], Atlanta (GA): US Department of Health and Human Services; Scarlet Fever: All You Need to Know
  3. National Health Service [Internet]. UK; Scarlet fever.
  4. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia: US National Library of Medicine; Scarlet fever
  5. National Health Service [Internet] NHS inform; Scottish Government; Scarlet fever
  6. Wessels MR. Pharyngitis and Scarlet Fever. 2016 Feb 10 [Updated 2016 Mar 25]. In: Ferretti JJ, Stevens DL, Fischetti VA, editors. Streptococcus pyogenes : Basic Biology to Clinical Manifestations. [Internet]. Oklahoma City (OK): University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center; 2016-.
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