myUpchar प्लस+ के साथ पूरेे परिवार के हेल्थ खर्च पर भारी बचत

What is shigellosis?

Shigellosis is an invasive, infectious disease caused by a group of bacteria called Shigella. The most common manifestation of shigellosis is diarrhoea, followed by fever and stomach cramps. This disease frequently affects children in areas of poor sanitation and hygiene because of the faeco-oral route of transmission of the disease.

What are its main signs and symptoms?

One may experience symptoms 1 or 2 days after contact with the bacteria.

Common symptoms include:

  • Diarrhoea, with stools containing mucus, blood and pus i.e., dysentry
  • Fever
  • Abdominal cramps
  • Feeling of incomplete defecation
  • Fatigue
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting

Rare symptoms include:

  • Post-infectious arthritis: eye irritation, painful joints and pain on urination
  • Bloodstream infections: these occur among those who have a weakened immune system, as in the case of HIV, malnutrition and cancer
  • Seizures
  • Haemolytic-uraemic syndrome

What are the main causes?

Shigellosis is acquired when a person accidentally ingests shigella bacteria.

Causes of shigellosis include:

  • It can spread via direct contact with a person who is infected with Shigella bacteria.
  • Eating contaminated food
  • Drinking contaminated water
  • People who work at childcare centres, jails and nursing homes or live in areas of poor sanitation and hygiene are more prone to shigellosis.

How is it diagnosed and treated?

History and examination aid in diagnosing shigellosis. Your doctor will advise a stool test to detect Shigella bacteria and toxins.

Management includes:

  • Shigellosis usually resolves on its own within a period of 5 to 7 days.
  • Mild shigellosis requires adequate amounts of fluid intake.
  • Drinking plenty of water is very important in order to compensate for the loss of fluids from the body.
  • Oral rehydration solutions (ORS) like lemonade, buttermilk, homemade ORS, coconut water, etc. must be consumed regularly to replenish lost salt and fluids.
  • Intravenous fluids may be administered in certain cases for rapid results.
  • Only severe cases of shigellosis require antibiotic treatment. Infants, elderly persons, people with weak immunity and those suffering from HIV will require antibiotics.
  1. Medicines for Shigellosis

Medicines for Shigellosis

Medicines listed below are available for Shigellosis. Please note that you should not take any medicines without doctor consultation. Taking any medicine without doctor's consultation can cause serious problems.

Medicine NamePack SizePrice (Rs.)
SeptranSEPTRAN 400/80MG SYRUP 60ML0.0
AmpiloxAmpilox 100 Mg/25 Mg Injection15.0
MegapenMegapen 1 Gm Injection22.0
ResteclinResteclin 250 Mg Capsule14.0
Baciclox KidBaciclox Kid 125 Mg/125 Mg Tablet22.0
TetlinTetlin 250 Mg Capsule0.0
Baciclox PlusBaciclox Plus 250 Mg/250 Mg Capsule30.0
TetracylineTetracyline 250 Mg Capsule5.0
BacicloxBaciclox 125 Mg/125 Mg Capsule26.0
TetrastarTetrastar 500 Mg Capsule8.0
Bactimox LbBactimox Lb 250 Mg/250 Mg Tablet63.0
BlucloxBluclox 250 Mg/250 Mg Capsule15.0
BroadicloxBroadiclox 250 Mg/250 Mg Capsule8.0
CampiloxCampilox 250 Mg/250 Mg Injection10.0
CaroloxCarolox Tablet37.0
Clompic KidClompic Kid 125 Mg/125 Mg Tablet8.0
Clompic NeonateClompic Neonate Injection5.0
ClompicClompic 125 Mg/125 Mg Capsule20.0
CloxaidCloxaid 250 Mg/250 Mg Capsule20.0
CloxapeneCloxapene 250 Mg/250 Mg Capsule28.0
Dc WhiteDC WHITE FACEWASH 75GM0.0

Do you or anyone in your family have this disease? Please do a survey and help others

References

  1. Center for Disease Control and Prevention [internet], Atlanta (GA): US Department of Health and Human Services; Symptoms.
  2. P.J. Sansonetti. Pathogenesis of Shigellosis. 1st edition; 1992 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg
  3. Center for Disease Control and Prevention [internet], Atlanta (GA): US Department of Health and Human Services; Diagnosis and Treatment.
  4. Center for Disease Control and Prevention [internet], Atlanta (GA): US Department of Health and Human Services; Information for Parents of Young Children.
  5. Center for Disease Control and Prevention [internet], Atlanta (GA): US Department of Health and Human Services; Shigella Infections among Gay & Bisexual Men.
  6. Center for Disease Control and Prevention [internet], Atlanta (GA): US Department of Health and Human Services; Shigella – Shigellosis.
और पढ़ें ...