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What is shingles?

Shingles is an infection from a virus that leads to blisters or rashes in a well-demarcated area on the skin. It is caused by the varicella zoster virus that also causes chickenpox. Shingles results from reactivation of a latent infection with the virus. Although one may recover from chickenpox, the virus can remain inactive in the nerve tissue and may later reactivate and manifest as shingles.

What are its main signs and symptoms?

Initial signs and symptoms include:

Late signs and symptoms include:

  • Red rash in one area or on one side of the body (commonly, rashes occur on one side of the body. It is widespread and generalised only in certain cases of weak immunity).
  • Clusters of small fluid-filled blisters that break open and become crusted eventually.

Other symptoms include:

Symptoms in severe cases may occur due to reduced immunity and include:

  • Widespread rashes and blisters as in chickenpox
  • The eye may get affected, resulting in vision loss
  • Bacterial skin infections

What are the main causes?

Shingles is caused by the varicella zoster virus, which is one among the group of viruses called herpes viruses.

Shingles occurs in a person who has previously recovered from chickenpox. The virus may remain inactive in the nerve tissue and reactivate years later in case of reduced immunity.

Shingles is more common among people with reduced immunity, such as elderly persons, those suffering from HIV or cancer or those who take certain medications like steroids for a long period of time.

How is it diagnosed and treated?

Shingles is diagnosed on the basis of history and careful physical examination.

Investigations include the culture of tissue scraped or a swab from a blister.

Shingles usually resolves naturally within a few weeks. Shingles vaccine is available and may be advised to caregivers and children surrounding the patient to prevent infection.

Medications: Antiviral agents may be prescribed for faster healing and reducing symptoms. Painkillers like opioid derivatives, paracetamol, ibuprofen, and steroids might be used.


  • Cold compresses
  • Application of calamine lotion
  • Oatmeal baths
  • Avoid contact with people who have not been previously infected by the zoster virus, as there is a chance of transmission of infection in the form of chickenpox.
  1. Medicines for Shingles

Medicines for Shingles

Medicines listed below are available for Shingles. Please note that you should not take any medicines without doctor consultation. Taking any medicine without doctor's consultation can cause serious problems.

Medicine NamePack SizePrice (Rs.)
Acicet TabletAcicet 200 Mg Tablet Dt49.0
AciherpinAciherpin 200 Mg Tablet57.0
AcivexAcivex 200 Mg Tablet Dt78.0
AxovirAxovir 250 Mg Injection258.0
Lovir (Eli Lilly)Lovir 400 Mg Tablet124.0
NeoclovirNeoclovir 250 Mg Injection218.0
TriclovirTriclovir 400 Mg Tablet120.0
TrikaseTrikase 800 Mg Tablet233.0
VazovirVazovir 500 Mg Injection670.0
Vir InjectionVir 250 Mg Injection471.0
AcivAciv 400 Mg Tablet110.0
AcivirAcivir 200 Mg Tablet Dt66.0
AclovirAclovir 200 Mg Tablet55.0
AtcAtc 800 Mg Capsule38.0
CyclopizCyclopiz 200 Mg Tablet55.0
DocvirDocvir 400 Mg Tablet Dt51.0
GlenviraxGlenvirax 200 Mg Tablet18.0
HerperaxHerperax 200 Mg Tablet36.0
HerpesafeHerpesafe 400 Mg Tablet Dt66.0
HerpexHerpex 100 Mg Tablet81.0
HerpikindHerpikind 200 Mg Tablet72.0
HerzovirHerzovir 250 Mg Injection465.0
LovirLovir 200 Mg Tablet365.0
NorbitaNorbita 400 Mg Tablet12.0
OcuvirOcuvir 120 Mg Suspension128.0
OptiviralOptiviral 200 Mg Tablet51.0
PsyvirPsyvir 400 Mg Tablet137.0
RivolRivol 200 Mg Tablet60.0
ViraxVirax 800 Mg Tablet211.0
ZosterZoster 5%W/W Cream15.0
ZoviraxZovirax 200 Mg Tablet33.0
ZovistarZovistar 200 Mg Tablet56.0
ZoylexZoylex 500 Mg Injection670.0
Zoylex RdZoylex Rd 250 Mg Injection529.0
RhovirRhovir 800 Mg Tablet204.0
ZovirZovir 400 Mg Tablet129.0
ClovirClovir 5% Ointment37.63
OpthovirOpthovir 3% Ointment46.66
SetuvirSetuvir 5% Cream36.4
ToxinexToxinex 3% Eye Ointment65.0
ViraVira Eye Ointment38.25
VirinoxVirinox 3% W/W Eye Ointment43.5
VirucidVirucid 3% Eye Ointment49.95
YavirYavir 3% Eye Ointment38.0
AcyclovirAcyclovir 5% W/W Eye Ointment67.17
ClovidermCloviderm 5% Ointment18.75
EyevirEyevir 3% Eye Ointment45.0
Primacort PlusPrimacort Plus 5% Cream66.67
Virax FcVirax Fc Tablet190.47
VirovirVirovir 250 Mg Tablet255.75
FamcimacFamcimac 250 Mg Tablet177.8
FamtrexFamtrex 250 Mg Tablet431.0
MicrovirMicrovir 250 Mg Tablet149.5
PenvirPenvir 250 Mg Tablet180.0
ValcetValcet 1000 Mg Tablet180.0
ValcivirValcivir 1000 Mg Tablet200.5
ZimivirZimivir 1000 Mg Tablet164.9
ValamacValamac 1000 Mg Tablet112.0
ValavirValavir 500 Mg Tablet113.0
ValtovalValtoval 1000 Mg Tablet182.0

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