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What is shingles?

Shingles is an infection from a virus that leads to blisters or rashes in a well-demarcated area on the skin. It is caused by the varicella zoster virus that also causes chickenpox. Shingles results from reactivation of a latent infection with the virus. Although one may recover from chickenpox, the virus can remain inactive in the nerve tissue and may later reactivate and manifest as shingles.

What are its main signs and symptoms?

Initial signs and symptoms include:

Late signs and symptoms include:

  • Red rash in one area or on one side of the body (commonly, rashes occur on one side of the body. It is widespread and generalised only in certain cases of weak immunity).
  • Clusters of small fluid-filled blisters that break open and become crusted eventually.

Other symptoms include:

Symptoms in severe cases may occur due to reduced immunity and include:

  • Widespread rashes and blisters as in chickenpox
  • The eye may get affected, resulting in vision loss
  • Bacterial skin infections

What are the main causes?

Shingles is caused by the varicella zoster virus, which is one among the group of viruses called herpes viruses.

Shingles occurs in a person who has previously recovered from chickenpox. The virus may remain inactive in the nerve tissue and reactivate years later in case of reduced immunity.

Shingles is more common among people with reduced immunity, such as elderly persons, those suffering from HIV or cancer or those who take certain medications like steroids for a long period of time.

How is it diagnosed and treated?

Shingles is diagnosed on the basis of history and careful physical examination.

Investigations include the culture of tissue scraped or a swab from a blister.

Shingles usually resolves naturally within a few weeks. Shingles vaccine is available and may be advised to caregivers and children surrounding the patient to prevent infection.

Medications: Antiviral agents may be prescribed for faster healing and reducing symptoms. Painkillers like opioid derivatives, paracetamol, ibuprofen, and steroids might be used.

Self-care:

  • Cold compresses
  • Application of calamine lotion
  • Oatmeal baths
  • Avoid contact with people who have not been previously infected by the zoster virus, as there is a chance of transmission of infection in the form of chickenpox.
  1. Medicines for Shingles

Medicines for Shingles

Medicines listed below are available for Shingles. Please note that you should not take any medicines without doctor consultation. Taking any medicine without doctor's consultation can cause serious problems.

Medicine NamePack SizePrice (Rs.)
Varilrix VARILRIX INJECTION1480
HerpexHerpex 100 Mg Tablet64
Valanext VALANEXT 1000MG TABLET 3 S144
ValcetValcet 1000 Mg Tablet144
ValcivirVALCIVIR 1GM TABLET 10S193
ZimivirZimivir 1000 Mg Tablet159
ValamacValamac 1000 Mg Tablet108
ValavirVALAVIR 1GM TABLET 3S0
ValtovalVALTOVAL 1GM TABLET 10S174
ClovirClovir 5% Ointment29
OpthovirOpthovir 3% Ointment36
SetuvirSetuvir 5% Cream28
ToxinexToxinex 3% Eye Ointment52
ViraVira Eye Ointment30
VirinoxVirinox 3% W/W Eye Ointment34
VirucidVirucid 3% Eye Ointment39
YavirYavir 3% Eye Ointment30
AcyclovirACICLOVIR 800MG TABLET 5S0
ClovidermCloviderm 5% Ointment0
EyevirEyevir 3% Eye Ointment36

Do you or anyone in your family have this disease? Please do a survey and help others

References

  1. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke [internet]. US Department of Health and Human Services; Shingles Information Page.
  2. Center for Disease Control and Prevention [internet], Atlanta (GA): US Department of Health and Human Services; Transmission.
  3. Center for Disease Control and Prevention [internet], Atlanta (GA): US Department of Health and Human Services; Prevention & Treatment.
  4. National Health Service [Internet] NHS inform; Scottish Government; Shingles.
  5. Longo DL, et al., eds. Varicella-Zoster Virus Infections. In: Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine. 19th ed. New York, N.Y.: McGraw-Hill Education; 2015.
  6. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke [internet]. US Department of Health and Human Services; Shingles: Hope Through Research.
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