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What is thyroid cancer?

Thyroid cancer is the cancer of the thyroid gland, which lies below the larynx in the front part of the neck. The thyroid gland is responsible for the regulation of various metabolic functions in the body. Uncontrolled growth of the cells of the gland results in the formation of a mass or a tumour that leads to the cancer of thyroid.

What are its main signs and symptoms?

Not all cases of thyroid cancer show symptoms from the start; however, the most common of the initial symptoms and signs of thyroid cancer include:

  • A lump in front of the neck (not visible in most cases)
  • Difficulty in swallowing or breathing
  • Hoarseness of the voice
  • Pain in the throat or neck area and cough
  • Hair fall
  • Loss of appetite and weight loss
  • Swelling in the throat region
  • Sweating
  • Intolerance to hot weather
  • Menstrual irregularities

What are the main causes?

Some inherited factors or genes are believed to be a causative factor in the development of thyroid cancer; however, the main cause resulting in thyroid cancer is unknown. Many common factors are noted in all cases of thyroid cancer, which cause or lead to thyroid cancer.

One important factor is the imbalance between oncogenes and tumour suppressor genes. The oncogenes are responsible for the growth of cancerous cells in the human body and the tumour suppressor genes slow down the growth or result in the death of the cancerous cells at the right time to prevent any tumorous growth.

Other factors which contribute to the development of thyroid cancer are:

  • Obesity
  • Family history of thyroid cancer
  • Exposure to radiation
  • An inherited condition of familial adenomatous polyposis

How is it diagnosed and treated?

If one sees the signs or symptoms hinting at development of thyroid cancer, the individual should see the doctor. There are some tests which may be ordered to find out a definite cause and check for possible thyroid cancer. These tests include:

  • Blood test – A blood test, known as thyroid function test, is performed to check for abnormal levels of thyroid hormones in the bloodstream. An increased level points towards a probable condition of thyroid cancer.
  • Biopsy
  • MRI Scan
  • CT Scan

Upon determining a case of thyroid cancer, the doctors stage the condition (determine the severity and extent of cancer) and provide treatment accordingly. Some of the basic and most common treatment process in case of thyroid cancer are:

  • Radioactive iodine treatment
  • Thyroidectomy – Surgery to remove the thyroid or part of it
  • Radiotherapy
  • Chemotherapy.
  1. Medicines for Thyroid Cancer
  2. Doctors for Thyroid Cancer
Dr. Arabinda Roy

Dr. Arabinda Roy


Dr. C. Arun Hensley

Dr. C. Arun Hensley


Dr. Sanket Shah

Dr. Sanket Shah


Medicines for Thyroid Cancer

Medicines listed below are available for Thyroid Cancer. Please note that you should not take any medicines without doctor consultation. Taking any medicine without doctor's consultation can cause serious problems.

Medicine NamePack SizePrice (Rs.)
Thyrox TabletThyrox 100 Tablet116.55
LethyroxLethyrox 100 Mcg Tablet116.55
ThyroaceThyroace 50 Tablet120.27
ThyrofitThyrofit 100 Mcg Tablet34.96
Thyronorm TabletThyronorm 100 Mcg Tablet116.55
ThyrorichThyrorich 100 Mcg Tablet116.55
ThyroriteThyrorite 100 Mcg Tablet123.9
ThyrotopThyrotop 100 Mcg Tablet34.96
ThyroupThyroup 100 Tablet116.5
UthyroxUthyrox 100 Mcg Tablet116.55
EltroxinEltroxin 100 Mcg Tablet116.55
ThyrochekThyrochek 25 Tablet6.0
AdriamycinAdriamycin 10 Mg Injection221.61
AdriblastinaAdriblastina Injection1309.52
Adronex RdAdronex Rd 10 Mg Injection185.71
AdrosalAdrosal 10 Mg Injection196.43
CadriaCadria 10 Mg Injection166.66
CardiaroneCardiarone 100 Mg Tablet65.47
DoxilydDoxilyd 10 Mg Injection119.04
DoxohopeDoxohope 20 Mg Injection8163.26
DoxorexDoxorex 10 Mg Injection321.75
Doxorubicin (Dr. Reddys)Doxorubicin 10 Mg Injection116.66
DoxorubicinDoxorubicin 10 Mg Injection200.0
DoxorubinDoxorubin 10 Mg Injection130.95
DoxotarDoxotar 10 Mg Injection285.0
DoxoteroDoxotero 10 Mg Injection165.0
DoxulipDoxulip 20 Mg Injection7890.0
DoxutecDoxutec 10 Mg Injection170.0
DuxocinDuxocin 10 Mg Injection190.94
LyphidoxLyphidox 10 Mg Injection198.91
MetodoxMetodox 10 Mg Injection63.09
OncodriaOncodria 10 Mg Injection199.64
PiglitPiglit 2 Mg Injection6184.52
ZodoxZodox 10 Mg Injection196.19
ZubidoxZubidox 10 Mg Injection200.0
NexavarNexavar 200 Mg Tablet233692.0
SorafenatSorafenat 200 Mg Tablet8800.0
SoranibSoranib 200 Mg Tablet1710.0
AdrimAdrim 10 Mg Injection214.28
DoxiglanDoxiglan 50 Mg Injection999.0

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