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What is uveitis?

A swelling or inflammation of uvea (middle layer of the eye) and the surrounding tissues is termed as uveitis. One or both eyes can be affected by this. It can lead to blindness if not treated in time. They are of 3 types based on the location of the uvea affected – front (anterior), middle (intermediate) and back (posterior). In some cases, all the 3 layers are involved. It can be sudden and short-term (acute) or persist for a long time (chronic).

What are its main signs and symptoms?

Some of the common signs and symptoms are:

  • Decreased vision
  • Blurred or cloudy vision
  • Spots appear dark and floating in vision
  • Sensitivity of light or photophobia
  • Redness and pain of eye
  • Headaches
  • Small pupil
  • Colour of the iris alters
  • Watering of eyes

What are the main causes?

The exact cause of uveitis is unknown. It is commonly seen in autoimmune conditions where the immune system of the body attacks various tissues including the eyes. Some of the contributory causes are as follows:

How is it diagnosed and treated?

The doctor checks physically for possible clear or foggy appearance. Some tests are also performed, such as:

  • Checking white blood cells count and protein levels through simple blood tests
  • Noting the complete medical history along with a detailed physical examination
  • Skin tests
  • Examination of eye fluids

After the diagnosis, the patient is treated by various methods such as:

  • Corticosteroid drugs to help in reducing inflammation.
  • Mydriatic eye drops to help in the dilation of the pupil.
  • In case of an infection, antibiotics to control the infection.
  • If there is a risk of loss of vision then immunosuppressants might be prescribed.
  • Dark glasses can be helpful against light sensitivity.
  1. Medicines for Uveitis

Medicines for Uveitis

Medicines listed below are available for Uveitis. Please note that you should not take any medicines without doctor consultation. Taking any medicine without doctor's consultation can cause serious problems.

Medicine NamePack SizePrice (Rs.)
BetnesolBETNESOL 0.1% EYE DROPS 5ML0
WysoloneWysolone 10 Tablet DT14
HomideHomide 2%W/V Eye Drop24
SaazSaaz 500 Mg Tablet43
ChlorocolCHLOROCOL 1% EYE OINTMENT 3GM11
PropyzolePropyzole Cream0
Chloromycetin (Pfizer)Chloromycetin 125 Mg Suspension48
Lotepred TLotepred T Eye Drop122
Propyzole EPropyzole E Cream0
ChlorophenicolChlorophenicol 250 Mg Capsule9
BrugelBrugel 5% W/W Gel114
Canflo BnCanflo Bn 1%/0.05%/0.5% Cream34
LotetobLotetob 0.3/0.5% Eye Drops76
Toprap CToprap C Cream28
Chlor SuccChlor Succ 1 Gm Injection38
FbnFbn 0.03% Eye Drop50
Crota NCrota N Cream27
TobaflamTobaflam Eye Drop129
Canflo BCanflo B Cream27
CloralCLORAL LOZENGES TABLET48
FlurbinFlurbin 0.03% W/V Eye Drop51
Sigmaderm NSigmaderm N 0.025%/1%/0.5% Cream45
DiflumoxDiflumox 5 Mg/0.5 Mg Drop148
FucibetFUCIBET 10GM CREAM44

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References

  1. Cleveland Clinic. [Internet]. Cleveland, Ohio. Uveitis: Management and Treatment
  2. American Academy of Ophthalmology [internet] California, United States; Uveitis Diagnosis.
  3. National Eye Institute. Uveitis. National Institutes of Health
  4. Better health channel. Department of Health and Human Services [internet]. State government of Victoria; Eyes - uveitis
  5. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia: US National Library of Medicine; Uveitis
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