Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) is considered a gastrointestinal disorder, affecting millions of people worldwide. Abdominal pain, bloating, constipation, diarrhea, etc. have been considered symptoms of IBS. Although the exact cause of IBS is not known, experts believe that any kind of problem in the intestine and mental stress together can cause this problem. Whereas, there are different types of IBS, out of which 4 major factors are mentioned here. Along with this, their symptoms and treatment have also been explained.

Today in this article we will discuss in detail the four types of IBS -

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  1. 4 Main Types of Irritable Bowel Syndrome
  2. Irritable Bowel Syndrome Treatment
  3. Takeaway
Doctors for Types of IBS

Here we are sequentially telling what are the main types of IBS -

IBS with constipation (IBS-C)

This is the most common type of IBS. This type is seen in about 50 percent of IBS cases. As the name suggests, this type is caused by severe constipation. Having a bowel movement less than 3 times a week is called constipation. Other symptoms of IBS-C include abdominal pain and bloating during bowel movements.

IBS-C is diagnosed through medical history, physical examination, and lab tests. Inflammatory bowel disease and celiac disease can also be detected through these tests.

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IBS with diarrhea (IBS-D)

This type is seen in 30% of IBS cases. This problem is caused due to continuous diarrhea. Other symptoms of IBS-D include abdominal cramps, bloating, and frequent bowel movements. Medical history, physical examination, and lab tests are also used for the diagnosis of IBS-D.

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Mixed-type IBS (IBS-M)

IBS-M is a mixed form of constipation and diarrhea. This accounts for about 20% of all IBS cases. Symptoms of IBS-M include abdominal discomfort, bloating, and changes in bowel movements. IBS is diagnosed through medical history, physical examination, and lab tests.

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Unsubtyped IBS (IBS-U)

When IBS does not fit any of the above categories, it is considered IBS-U. This accounts for about 10% of all IBS cases. The symptoms of IBS-U are similar to those of other types.

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Whatever may be the type of irritable bowel syndrome, the way to treat them is usually the same -

Lifestyle changes

A good diet, stress-free life, daily exercise, and yoga are the most effective way to cure IBS. Also, there is a need to avoid certain foods and beverages that trigger IBS symptoms, such as caffeinealcohol, and high-fat foods.

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Several medications can be used to relieve the symptoms of IBS, including -

  • Antispasmodics - These medicines help in reducing spasms of the intestines.
  • Laxatives - Laxatives can be used to clear the stomach if IBS is a problem due to constipation.
  • Antidiarrheal - Antidiarrheal medications can be used to help slow down the process of bowel movements if IBS is caused by diarrhea.
  • Fiber supplements - For some people with IBS-C, fiber supplements can help regulate bowel movements and reduce constipation.
  • Low-dose antidepressants - These medicines can help reduce abdominal pain and improve bowel movements in people with IBS.
  • Probiotics - Some medical research suggests that taking probiotics may also help reduce the symptoms of IBS.

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Cognitive behavioral therapy

Cognitive behavioral therapy can reduce stress, which can lead to some improvement in IBS symptoms.

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Alternative treatment

Some people with IBS may find relief from alternative treatments such as acupuncturehypnotherapy, or herbal remedies, but more research is needed.

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It is important to note that no single treatment is sufficient for IBS. The patient can be treated through more than one option. Also, seeing the condition of the patient, the doctor decides what kind of treatment he needs.

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Dr. Paramjeet Singh

Dr. Paramjeet Singh

10 Years of Experience

Dr. Nikhil Bhangale

Dr. Nikhil Bhangale

10 Years of Experience

Dr Jagdish Singh

Dr Jagdish Singh

12 Years of Experience

Dr. Deepak Sharma

Dr. Deepak Sharma

12 Years of Experience

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