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What is cardiomyopathy?

Cardiomyopathy is a condition of the heart muscles due to which pumping of blood to the rest of the body becomes more difficult. While those who have cardiomyopathy can lead normal lives with proper care and attention, it can, in some cases lead to heart failure. Care for cardiomyopathy depends on the type of the problem suffered – dilated, hypertrophic or restricted.

What are its main signs and symptoms?

In the early stages it might be hard to notice any signs, but eventually, some symptoms appear. These include:

What are its main causes?

The main cause of the condition is hard to ascertain, while in some cases it may be hereditary. Factors that could contribute are:

  • Blood pressure related ailments
  • Damage from heart attack
  • Heart rate problems and problems with the valves (arrhythmias and valve defects)
  • Abuse of alcohol and drugs
  • Heart infections (endocarditis)
  • Inflammation in the heart (pericarditis)
  • Protein deposits
  • Tissue disorders
  • Chemotherapy
  • Complications in pregnancy
  • Nutritional deficiency
  • Disorders like diabetes, thyroid and obesity

How is it diagnosed and treated?

The primary diagnosis involves a physical examination along with screeners for family history and record of previous ailments. After ascertaining the causes, doctors may suggest:

  • X-Ray
  • ECG to check beating of heart and valves
  • Stress test on the treadmill to check symptoms
  • Catheterization to check blood vessels
  • Blood test for function of all organs
  • Genetic testing

Treatment depends on the nature of cardiomyopathy.

  • Medication may be given to lower blood pressure, increase blood flow, slow heart rate and prevent clot formation

Implanted devices:

  1. ICD or implantable cardioverter defibrillator to assess the heart rhythm
  2. VAD or ventricular assist device to help blood circulation
  3. Pacemaker to control arrhythmia
  • Ablation to thin the heart wall and ease blood flow, or to reduce damaged portions which cause arrhythmia
  • Surgical procedures like open heart surgery to remove some heart muscle and improve blood flow, or in extreme cases, heart transplants
  • Lifestyle changes like losing weight, exercise, improved diets, quitting smoking and reducing alcohol consumption, and managing stress and sleep
  1. Medicines for Cardiomyopathy
  2. Doctors for Cardiomyopathy
Dr. Apoorva Namrata

Dr. Apoorva Namrata


Dr. N. Parashar

Dr. N. Parashar


Dr. Anil Pandey

Dr. Anil Pandey


Medicines for Cardiomyopathy

Medicines listed below are available for Cardiomyopathy. Please note that you should not take any medicines without doctor consultation. Taking any medicine without doctor's consultation can cause serious problems.

Medicine NamePack SizePrice (Rs.)
Angizem CdAngizem Cd 120 Mg Capsule148.0
Angizem DpAngizem Dp 120 Mg Capsule148.0
AngizemAngizem 180 Mg Tablet170.0
ChannelChannel 120 Mg Tablet Sr106.0
DilcardiaDilcardia 30 Mg Tablet23.0
DilcontinDilcontin 120 Mg Tablet Xl155.0
DilzemDilzem 30 Mg Tablet23.0
DtmDtm 30 Mg Tablet25.0
Dz CdDz Cd 120 Mg Capsule23.0
IskiIski 30 Mg Tablet24.0
CardemCardem 60 Mg Tablet36.0
DilcalDilcal 30 Mg Tablet26.0
DilkabDilkab 30 Mg Tablet22.0
DilmaxDilmax 30 Mg Tablet21.0
DilocorDilocor 30 Mg Tablet17.0
Dilter CdDilter Cd 120 Mg Capsule423.0
DiltiDilti 30 Mg Tablet17.0
DiltiazDiltiaz 30 Mg Tablet16.0
DiltilongDiltilong 30 Mg Tablet19.0
DiltimeDiltime 120 Mg Tablet Sr55.0
DilzexDilzex 30 Mg Tablet26.0
DzDz 30 Mg Tablet16.0
DzmDzm 30 Mg Tablet19.0
HeartilHeartil 90 Mg Tablet53.0
IonozemIonozem 30 Mg Tablet23.0
Ionozem CdIonozem Cd 120 Mg Tablet57.0
KaizemKaizem 120 Mg Capsule75.0
Kaizem CdKaizem Cd 120 Mg Capsule150.0
Dilcare (Olcare)Dilcare 30 Mg Tablet20.0
DilgardDilgard 90 Mg Capsule Xl72.0
DiltiactDiltiact 2% Gel85.0
DiltiazemDiltiazem 30 Mg Tablet7.0
TriazemTriazem Tablet56.0
CremagelCremagel 2% W/W Gel119.0
DiltigesicDiltigesic 2% Gel108.0
DilgelDilgel 2% W/W Gel90.0
Diltgesic OrganoDiltgesic Organo 2% Gel92.38
Diltigesic OrganoDiltigesic Organo 2% Gel108.0

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