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What is bradycardia?

Bradycardia or a slow heart rate is a condition when the heart of a person beats less than 60 times per minute. In the case of a healthy adult, the heart rate should be between the range of 60-100. A slow heart rate is generally seen in athletes and older people. Some young and healthy individuals may also experience bradycardia, which is normal until they start experiencing other symptoms.

What are its main associated signs and symptoms?

Commonly seen signs and symptoms associated with bradycardia are:

Sometimes you may not experience any symptoms at all.

What are the main causes?

There are two causes for the developing bradycardia. They are:

  • Intrinsic causes (i.e., due to internal factors):
  • Extrinsic causes (i.e., due to external factors)
    • Coughing.
    • Vomiting.
    • Passing of urine.
    • Passage of stool.
    • Medications like beta blockers, calcium channel blockers (both for treating high blood pressure) and anti-arrhythmic drugs (for a loud, irregular and rapid heart rate).
    • Hypothyroidism (low thyroid hormone levels in the body).
    • Reduced body temperature (hypothermia).
    • Injury to the brain, spinal cord or nerves.
    • Imbalances in potassium levels.

How is it diagnosed and treated?

Your doctor will take a detailed history of your medical conditions and medicines that you are taking to find the cause and conduct a physical examination in those who are suspected to have a slow heart rate. To confirm bradycardia, your doctor will carry out a specialised test called electrocardiogram (ECG), which detects any abnormalities in the heart rhythm. Other tests may also be conducted, e.g., blood test (to detect hypothyroidism or electrolyte imbalance), sleep apnoea test, electrophysiology test (to know the exact cause of irregular heartbeat) and a stress test (to find the response of heart in work or stress).

Bradycardia could be identified during routine check-up even if you did not experience any symptoms previously.

Treatment is usually not given to those without any associated symptoms. Symptoms of bradycardia vary depending upon the cause. If a slow heart rate is due to a certain drug, either the dose is reduced or completely stopped. In the case of a sinus node dysfunction, a pacemaker is used to normalise the heart rate.

  1. Medicines for Bradycardia (Slow Heart Rate)

Medicines for Bradycardia (Slow Heart Rate)

Medicines listed below are available for Bradycardia (Slow Heart Rate). Please note that you should not take any medicines without doctor consultation. Taking any medicine without doctor's consultation can cause serious problems.

Medicine NamePack SizePrice (Rs.)
Atropine Sulphate (Samarth)Atropine Sulphate 0.6 Mg Infusion209.52
Atropin (Life)Atropin Injection212.05
AtrosulphAtrosulph 1% W/V Eye Drop16.05
AtrosunAtrosun 1% Eye Drops15.2
AtrowokAtrowok 0.60 Mg Injection4.45
AtroAtro 1%W/V Eye Drops16.09
Bell MfcBell Mfc Eye Drop95.07
OpthopinOpthopin 1% W/V Eye Drop15.85
TopinTopin 1% Eye Drops16.24
TropineTropine 0.6 Mg Injection4.45
AtaronAtaron 1% W/V Eye Drop1.25
AtpinAtpin Injection9.47
AtrometAtromet 1% Eye Drops11.97
AtropaAtropa 0.6 Mg Injection1.55
Atropine Sulphate (Pharmtak)Atropine 1% Eye Drop15.6
AtropineAtropine Eye 5 Gm Ointment18.21
Bell Pino AtrinBell Pino Atrin Eye Drops15.45
OptaOpta Eye Drops49.87
TroyatroTroyatro 0.6 Mg Injection86.61
Atpine (Search)Atpine Eye Drops30.25
AtpineAtpine Tablet26.9
Atro InjectionAtro Injection2.47
AtronirAtronir Injection3.75
Atropen PAtropen P Eye Drops10.8
Atropin SulphateAtropin Sulphate Solution110.0
AtropinAtropin Infusion208.12
TropensaTropensa Injection8.17
DexapinDexapin 1%/0.10% Eye Drop20.0
Dexapin CDexapin C Eye Drop13.97
AtrocinAtrocin 1% W/W/1% W/W Ointment40.75

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