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What is dry mouth?

Dry mouth, also known as xerostomia, is a condition associated with a reduced salivary flow. This is a very common symptom and frequently seen as a side effect of many medications.

You may also experience dry mouth when you are nervous or under stress. It is associated with ageing as well. Severe dry mouth can lead to difficulty in speech, chewing, and swallowing. Dry mouth also increases the risk of dental caries and other infections, such as oral thrush.

What are its main signs and symptoms?

The following are the signs and symptoms of dry mouth:

What are the main causes?

Dry mouth occurs due to several reasons:

  • Dehydration due to inadequate intake of fluids or due to medical conditions, such as kidney disease and diabetes.
  • Breathing through the mouth (during night) is also responsible for dry mouth. Nasal polyps, enlarged tonsils, and allergic rhinitis are the conditions that force breathing through the mouth, leading to dryness.
  • Diabetes causes reduced salivary flow
  • Radiation therapy for cancer treatment
  • Smoking
  • Dry mouth may be a result of an autoimmune disease as well (Sjogren’s syndrome)
  • Drug induced

How is it diagnosed and treated?

It can be diagnosed by the following methods:

  • Sialometry – measuring the flow of saliva
  • Sialography – use of radiopaque dye in the salivary duct
  • Other Investigations – ultrasound, magnetic resonance imaging, biopsy of the salivary gland, etc.

There is no standard guideline for the treatment of dry mouth. However, you may try reducing the discomfort by the following means:

  • Salivary lozenges and salivary spray for immense relief
  • Salivary gland stimulants, such as chewing gums and organic acids
  • Increased fluid intake to reduce dryness of mouth
  • Systemic medicines

Differential diagnosis

  • Sjogren’s syndrome is a condition of dry mouth and dry eyes
  • Radiation therapy can result in mouth dryness
  • Physiological conditions, such as sleep deprivation, anxiety, and nervousness, may result in transient dryness of mouth
  • Hormonal disorders
  1. Medicines for Dry Mouth
  2. Doctors for Dry Mouth
Dr. Dhavan Patel

Dr. Dhavan Patel

सामान्य चिकित्सा

Dr. Priya Patel

Dr. Priya Patel

सामान्य चिकित्सा

Dr. Giri Prasath

Dr. Giri Prasath

सामान्य चिकित्सा

Medicines for Dry Mouth

Medicines listed below are available for Dry Mouth. Please note that you should not take any medicines without doctor consultation. Taking any medicine without doctor's consultation can cause serious problems.

Medicine NamePack SizePrice (Rs.)
CarpineCarpine 0.5% Injection15.0
CarpinolCarpinol 0.5% Ophthalmic Solution15.0
PilaganPilagan 2% Eye Drops32.66
PilocarPilocar 1% Eye Drop44.01
PilomaxPilomax 5 Mg Tablet78.0
Pilomin(Ent)Pilomin 0.5% Injection19.2
PilopressPilopress 0.02 Mg Eye Drops32.0
Redentin KfRedentin Kf Cream40.56
AmfosAmfos 500 Mg Injection1125.0
AmiphosAmiphos 500 Mg Injection1910.0
CytofosCytofos 500 Mg Injection1000.0
EthyolEthyol 500 Mg Injection479.0
NatfostNatfost 500 Mg Injection93.35
PilocarpinPilocarpin 2% W/V Eye Drop33.75
ADEL 23Adel 23 Ricura Drop215.0
ADEL 31Adel 31 Upelva Drop215.0
ADEL 61Adel 61 Supren Drop215.0
Neo Card N DropsAdel Neo Card N Gold Drop230.0
ADEL Aethusa Cynapium DilutionAethusa Cynapium Dilution 1 M155.0
Bjain Aethusa cynapium Mother Tincture QAethusa Cynapium Mother Tincture Q69.0
Dr. Reckeweg Aethusa Cynapium DilutionAethusa Cynapium Dilution 1 M155.0
Schwabe Alpha-NCAlpha Nc Tablet95.0
Schwabe Alpha-SHAlpha Sh Tablet92.0
Dr. Reckeweg Cinnabaris DilutionCinnabaris Dilution 1 M155.0
SBL Clearstone DropsClearstone Drop100.0
Dr. Reckeweg Cuprum Ars. DilutionCuprum Ars Dilution 1 M155.0
ADEL Cuprum Ars DilutionCuprum Arsenicosum Dilution 1 M155.0
ADEL Lemna Minor DilutionLemna Minor Dilution 1 M155.0
ADEL Nux Mosch DilutionNux Moschata Dilution 1 M155.0
Dr. Reckeweg Nux mosch DilutionNux Mosch Dilution 1 M155.0
Dr. Reckeweg Radium Brom DilutionRadium Bromatum Dilution 1 M155.0
Dr. Reckeweg R49Reckeweg R49 Sinus Drop200.0
Dr. Reckeweg R52Reckeweg R52 Travel Sickness Drop200.0
Dr. Reckeweg R76Reckeweg R76 Asthma Forte Drop200.0
Dr. Reckeweg R89Reckeweg R89 Hair Care Drop230.0
Dr. Reckeweg Ricinus Com DilutionRicinus Communis Dilution 1 M155.0
SBL Drops No. 3Sbl Drops No. 3125.0
SBL Drops No. 7Sbl Drops No. 7125.0
ADEL Senecio Aur DilutionSenecio Aureus Dilution 1 M155.0
Dr. Reckeweg Senecio Aureus DilutionSenecio Aureus Mother Tincture Q200.0
ADEL Stramonium DilutionStramonium Dilution 1 M155.0
Dr. Reckeweg Stramonium DilutionStrmonium Dilution 1 M155.0

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