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Summary

Bad breath is characterised as a prominent unpleasant odour from mouth exhaled during breathing. In medical terminology bad is breath is referred to as Halitosis or Oral Malodor. Unpleasant odour from the body regardless of its sources (mouth or body) is also known as halitosis. But oral malodor especially describes bad breath from the mouth. Researchers believe that Bad breath affects large populations globally. It is often ignored and people suffering from bad breath face significant psychological and social handicap. The most common reason for bad breath are microorganisms such as gingival which usually form a coat in our gums and tongue. Good news is a good oral hygiene and certain prescribed medicines from a doctor usually help in recovering from oral malodor completely.

Did you know?

Chronic bad breath is a serious condition affecting approximately 25% of the world's population. Men and women suffer from bad breathe in equal proportions but studies suggest that women seek faster help and treatment than men. Doctors claim that bad breath is often curable requiring minimal medical interventions. However unpleasant odour and bad breath can be caused due to certain underlying medical conditions also. Hence Don't ignore it, please consult a doctor preferably a dentist or ENT specialist if you have a persistent bad breath for more than 15 days.

  1. What is Bad Breath
  2. Bad Breath Symptoms
  3. Types of Bad Breath
  4. Causes of Bad Breath
  5. Prevention of Bad Breath
  6. Diagnosis of Bad Breath
  7. Treatment of Bad breath
  8. Bad Breath self-care
  9. Bad Breath Complications
  10. Medicines for Bad Breath

What is Bad Breath

Bad breath is a common condition caused mainly due to bacteria and other medical reasons, which results in a foul smell from the oral cavity (mouth) while talking or exhaling air. It has been observed that the intensity of the bad breath differs during different timings of the day. For example, in the morning your breath may smell foul but the smell may fade away by the evening. Researchers claim that there are several factors which are directly responsible for oral malodor such as stress, fasting, eating certain foods (garlic, onion, meat, fish, and cheese) aid to bad breath. Additionally, smoking and alcohol consumption have also been found to be responsible for causing unpleasant odours and bad breath. Typically, our morning breath contains odour normally because the mouth is dry and inactive during the night allowing the growth and actions of microorganisms. But oral malodor is a chronic condition which needs dental attention followed by treatment. 

Bad Breath Symptoms

The symptom of oral malodor is a distinctive bad smell itself. Smells can be of various origins such as of rotten meat, decayed food or of any unpleasant odour. They are usually felt while a person is inhaling or exhaling air. A person in close proximity can feel the same while your talking, sneezing or coughing. 

When to see a doctor?

If you experience the following signs and symptoms along with bad breath, you should consult a dentist preferably a periodontist. A periodontist is an expert in the field of dealing with problems of the gums, buccal mucosa and soft tissues of the mouth. 

See a periodontist if you experience:

  • bad breath or a foul smell with a strong intensity.
  • visible white coating on your teeth or gums.
  • a metallic taste.
  • bleeding in gums.
  • reduced amount of saliva in the mouth.

Types of Bad Breath

Medically bad breath can be typically characterised into two types

Physiological bad breath

The causes of physiological bad breath can be because of our day to day lifestyle. For example like our eating habits, poor oral hygiene, alcohol and tobacco consumption. Research suggests that usually physiological type bad breath is not associated with any underlying medical reasons they can be prevented and cured with a change of lifestyle and eating habits.

Pathological bad breath

The causes of pathological bad breath may be due to certain microorganisms or underlying medical conditions. Doctors recommend investigations and instant commencement of treatments.

It can further be sub-classified into two categories as follows-

  • Oral: This category includes diseases the oral cavity that is the mouth, teeth, gums, tongue, buccal mucosa, cheeks, palate etc
  • Extraoral or systemic: This category includes the diseases of the entire human body like nose, liver, lungs, stomach, etc.

Bad breath medically can further be classified into two more categories-

  • Pseudo halitosis: This is a typical kind mostly in this case the bad breath or the foul breath is not perceived or detected by others, although it has been observed that the patient persistently complains about it and searches a cure from doctors for curbing it. Studies are suggestive that this condition improves by counselling and by keeping oral hygiene.
  • Halitophobia: This is a very interesting condition often connected with human psychology, where it is believed that the person assumes or perceives foul smells even after the treatment from genuine halitosis or false halitosis the patients constantly believes that he/she still suffering from oral malodor or bad breath.

Causes of Bad Breath

Doctors claim that 90% of all bad breath originates from the oral cavity (mouth), whereas, the remaining 10% responsible is systemic, underlying or normal causes. Oral bad breath is commonly the result of microbial putrefaction (decomposition) of food debris, cells, saliva and blood within the oral cavity. This is with special reference to the breakdown of proteins into peptides and amino acids which take place in the presence of a thiol group.

Bad Breath could be a result of a number of causes. We are listing known common reasons for bad breath.

Causes of physiologic bad breath

  • Certain medicines
  • Growing age
  • Poor oral hygiene
  • Fasting or starvation
  • Tobacco consumption
  • Alcohol consumption
  • Foods like onion, garlic, etc.

Causes of pathologic bad breath

Pathological factors which mainly contribute are Periodontal infection foul odour from dental biofilm that is present beneath the gums, it is formed as a result of the accumulation of food debris and microorganisms. Specific diseases like acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis (ANUG) and pericoronitis

Prevention of Bad Breath

As it is always said, “ prevention is better than cure ”. Please start taking care if you find visible signs of plaque formation and sense of mild odour from your mouth. You can prevent from having oral malodor by taking the following precautions:

  • brush your teeth twice daily, this will protect your oral cavity (mouth) from no of bacteria and other pathogens (Germs).
  • use chlorhexidine mouth rinse with a dentist guidance twice daily after brushing.
  • get your teeth clean that is scaling and polishing procedure by ultrasonic scalers and air polishing by a professional dentist so that your subgingival (beneath the gum level) microorganisms (germs) activity can be reduced to the maximum.
  • don't smoke, or consume tobacco products, alcohol and other harmful substances.
  • make dietary changes if you consume a lot of sugar, onion, garlic, fish, meat, cheese, etc in your normal diets.
  • get a whole body check-up by a doctor.

Diagnosis of Bad Breath

How to diagnose bad breath?

One can self-diagnose bad breath without having to go to a dentist, however, u may need to consult a dentist if the signs and symptoms persist more than 4 to 5 days. Your dentist will physically check your gums and review your oral hygiene, medical and family history. In addition to this, the dentist will also check with you for any ongoing medicines or medicines you have taken previously. A dentist may also physically examine the following to rule out other underlying medical conditions.

Clinical examination by your dentist may include the following-

  • Intraoral Examination.                              
  • Your dentist might check for tongue coating.
  • Evidence of mouth breathing (to check whether the person is regularly breathing from the mouth). 
  • Xerostomia ( lack of saliva secretion ) or dry mucosa.
  • Other oral causes like faulty fillings, broken dentures if any, etc.    

Your dentist might also go for a complete periodontal examination which might include-

General personal care, state of oral hygiene, brushing habits and brushing techniques Gingival Probing and Periodontal status Evidence of negligence in past history of dental hygiene care.

Investigations

Your dentist may recommend you some test to investigate the severity and the type of infection. These test may include the following-

  • Subjective organoleptic method. This test has been used as a benchmark for bad breath measurement.
  • Gas chromatography in order to assess the bad breath, a portable industrial monitor has been developed these machines are specifically designed to digitally measure
  • Halimeters– These machines measure the level of sulfide gas found in a person's breath.
  • Bana test- (benzoyl-d,l-arginine-naphthylamide) -Some of the bacteria like P. gingivalis, T. denticola, and B. forsythus produce waste products which result and contributing for causing bad breath. These bacterias in question have the characteristics of being able to produce an enzyme that breaks down the compound BANA. When a sample of patient saliva with bad breath containing these bacteria is placed within the BANA testing compound they caused it to break down as a result of this breakdown the test compound changes its colour indicating a positive reaction.
  • Chemiluminescence this test involves mixing a sample of saliva containing VSC”S with the mercury. This Inturn causes a reaction in which produces fluorescence this test is highly sensitive and can measure low levels of bad breath as well.

Treatment of Bad breath

Treatment of bad breath is a step by step problem-solving procedure. Before starting the treatment of bad breath a dentist must take care to determine the source of bad breath. The simplest way to distinguish mouth and non-mouth origin bad breath is to compare the smell from mouth and nose. If the origin is nasal or due to any other medical causes they must be referred to a concerned specialist doctor.

The bad breath generated from the mouth often requires a dental treatment. There are no standard and protocols for the treatment of bad breath, however, the possible protocol contains the basic elements including standard dental and periodontal treatment.

 Bad breath can be treated as follows;

  • A reduction of microorganisms (germs) by improving oral hygiene and periodontal health to a basic dental care, If necessarily incorporation of advanced hygiene methods like oral irrigation , sonic and ultrasonic toothbrushes.
  • If  bad breath persists inspite of maintaining proper oral hygiene, brushing your tongue is advisable.
  • 0.2% chlorhexidine mouthwash for example Listerine can be used to decrease the germ load in the mouth. However there long-term effect remains to be determined and it might lead to tooth staining.
  • Another treatment strategy for treating bad breath is the conversion of VSC’S using various metal ions zinc is the most common ion used in this procedure. Halita is a new solution containing 0.05% chlorhexidine without alcohol is more effective than the above-said mouthwashes.

Bad Breath self-care

  • Brush twice daily and rinse your mouth after every meal so that no food particles are left for germs to attack.
  • Do not eat between meals or snack often. This helps in maintaining oral hygiene very well.
  • Gargle with warm saline water at least three to four times daily water must be boiled and brought to the lukewarm temperature before rinsing the mouth.
  • Mustard Oil: you are recommended a spoonful of mustard oil and heat it a bit you may add a pinch of salt In it and apply in a massaging motion our your gums to improve your gingival heath the motion of massaging should always be from the gums towards the tooth which increases the tooth attachment and blood circulation and thus the gingival health.
  • Gumpaints: you are recommended to massage your gums with gum paints for example occident, dental kind, etc
  • Vitamin C: it helps your gum to recover faster and always citrus fruit like lemon, oranges etc are a good source of vitamin C. Medications for the same are also available in the market but should only be taken on doctors prescription.

Bad Breath Complications

Complications of bad breath include social withdrawals and a psychological feeling of low self-esteem. The person living with oral malodor begins to stay aloof or speak from a distance or choose not to speak at all. In some cases, the person himself/herself cannot sense the foul smell but family members and friends notify that the condition exists leading to social withdrawals and guilt. 

Medicines for Bad Breath

Medicines listed below are available for Bad Breath. Please note that you should not take any medicines without doctor consultation. Taking any medicine without doctor's consultation can cause serious problems.

Medicine NamePack SizePrice (Rs.)
RantacRantac 150 Mg Tablet22.51
AcidomAcidom 10 Mg/150 Mg Tablet69.77
AcilocAciloc 150 Mg Tablet22.46
AfdilocAfdiloc 150 Mg Tablet5.0
ConsecConsec 150 Mg Tablet5.0
GertacGertac 150 Mg Tablet5.0
H 2 AH 2 A 150 Mg Tablet25.0
HealcerHealcer 150 Mg Tablet16.0
HistacHistac 150 Mg Tablet20.0
IntacIntac 150 Mg Tablet6.0
KaytecKaytec 150 Mg Tablet4.0
LantacLantac 25 Mg Injection7.0
MonolacMonolac 150 Mg Capsule20.0
OzotacOzotac 25 Mg Injection2.0
PepdacPepdac 150 Mg Tablet4.0
Peptac(Mpn)Peptac 150 Mg Tablet4.0
RadinRadin 25 Mg Injection3.0
RancafeRancafe 150 Mg Tablet6.0
RancorRancor 150 Mg Tablet7.0
RanialRanial 150 Mg Tablet5.0
RanicomRanicom 150 Mg Tablet5.0
RanicoolRanicool 150 Mg Tablet4.0
RanitasRanitas 150 Mg Tablet4.0
RanitinRanitin 150 Mg Tablet18.0
RanizacRanizac 150 Mg Tablet4.0
RanlocRanloc 150 Mg Tablet5.0
RanticaRantica 150 Mg Tablet5.0
RdinRdin 150 Mg Tablet5.0
RdinxtRdinxt 150 Mg Capsule75.0
RenitRenit 150 Mg Tablet4.0
RetinRetin 150 Mg Tablet8.0
StantacStantac 150 Mg Tablet6.0
TaurdinTaurdin 150 Mg Tablet4.0
UlcitabUlcitab 150 Mg Tablet52.0
ZinetacZinetac 150 Mg Tablet21.87
Aciloc OnlyAciloc Only 25 Mg Syrup56.0
Ancid (Ane)Ancid 150 Mg Syrup16.0
AntecAntec 150 Mg Tablet5.0
AztecAztec 150 Mg Tablet6.0
BintacBintac 150 Mg Tablet5.0
HelkossHelkoss 150 Mg Tablet5.0
Hytide RdHytide Rd 300 Mg Tablet51.0
MonolocMonoloc 150 Mg Tablet4.0
MonorinMonorin 150 Mg Tablet16.0
NicotacNicotac 150 Mg Tablet6.0
NilcerNilcer 150 Mg Tablet17.0
NitNit 5 Mg Tablet17.0
Nit MdNit Md 5 Mg Tablet28.0
Nit (Trident)Nit 25 Mg Syrup26.0
PeplocPeploc 150 Mg Tablet4.0
Peptac (Morpen)Peptac 40 Mg Injection2.0
PeptiranPeptiran 75 Mg/5 Ml Syrup54.0
RafilonRafilon 150 Mg Tablet5.0
RanacidRanacid 150 Mg Tablet4.0
RancerRancer 300 Mg Tablet9.0
RancetRancet 20 Mg Capsule6.0
RanibidRanibid 150 Mg Tablet5.0
RanilaRanila 150 Mg Tablet4.0
RanilinkRanilink 150 Mg Tablet5.0
RanipepRanipep 150 Mg Tablet4.0
Ranitidine HclRanitidine Hcl 50 Mg Injection3.0
Rantidine (Cipla)Rantidine 150 Mg Tablet7.0
RantimeRantime 150 Mg Tablet6.0
Rantodac TabletRantodac 150 Mg Tablet3.0
Ranx LRanx L 50 Mg Injection93.0
RenitabRenitab 150 Mg Tablet10.0
RetivaRetiva Injection2.0
RintinRintin 150 Mg Tablet5.0
UdidineUdidine 150 Mg Tablet4.0
UlcidinUlcidin 150 Mg Tablet5.0
UlciridUlcirid 150 Mg Tablet6.0
UlfastUlfast 150 Mg Tablet7.0
UltacUltac 25 Mg Injection3.0
ZoranZoran 150 Mg Injection3.0
ZynolZynol 150 Mg Tablet5.0
ZytakZytak 150 Mg Tablet4.0
FlexabenzFlexabenz 5 Mg Tablet77.0
CoolcadCoolcad Syrup34.0
Elgydium Anti PlaqueElgydium Anti Plaque 0.004% W/W Toothpaste259.0
ElugelElugel 0.2% W/W Oral Gel51.0
GermicureGermicure 100 Ml Syrup75.0
Glycoseptol CGlycoseptol C Syrup60.0
HexidineHexidine 0.2% W/V Mouth Wash74.0
SutholSuthol Antiseptic Liquid33.0
Aster XAster X 0.12% V/V Mouth Wash75.0
ChlodinChlodin 0.2% W/V Mouth Wash51.92
ChlorexChlorex Ear Drop83.45
Chlorhexidine GluconateChlorhexidine Gluconate 0.2% Mouth Wash16.35
ClodinClodin Soap48.47
ClohexClohex 0.2% W/V Mouth Wash85.5
EludrilEludril 0.1%W/V Mouth Wash97.5
HexicloHexiclo 0.2% Mouth Wash30.0
HexideHexide 0.2% Mouth Wash35.0
HexigelHexigel 1 % W/W Cream39.0
HexiklinHexiklin 0.2% Mouth Wash50.73
HexiprepHexiprep 0.4% Solution111.0
Hygina GargleHygina Gargle 0.2% Solution104.76
MicroshieldMicroshield 4% Solution188.28
Nitra HexNitra Hex 0.20% Mouth Wash73.92
OrasepOrasep 0.20% Mouth Wash319.0
PyrocholPyrochol Eye Drop14.66
RexidinRexidin 0.2% Mouth Wash74.0
Rinzin (Medmanor)Rinzin (Medmanor) 0.20% Mouth Wash46.66
SurgiscrubSurgiscrub 4% Liquid195.31
TangimTangim 0.2% W/V Mouth Wash37.32
TideolTideol 0.2% W/V Mouth Wash75.0
ChlorcipChlorcip 2% Mouth Wash58.5
Chlorhexidine 2 % W/V MouthwashChlorhexidine 2 % W/V Mouthwash18.55
DencureDencure Gum Paint28.35
D FenceD Fence Mouth Wash76.68
HexidaleHexidale 0.20% Mouth Wash55.0
LisarinseLisarinse Mouth Wash71.42
Olsept MwOlsept Mw 0.2% W/V Solution37.9
Oral XOral X Mouth Wash65.0
Refresh (Meridian)Refresh (Meridian) Mouth Wash42.0
SeptlonSeptlon Scrub100.0
Skeen SoapSkeen Soap 1%37.12
StarlonStarlon Solution30.4
AccurateAccurate 10 Mg/150 Mg Injection4.9
Accurate DsrAccurate Dsr 10 Mg/150 Mg Tablet38.05
Bintac DBintac D 10 Mg/150 Mg Tablet5.6
CyclotabCyclotab Tablet28.75
DoranDoran 10 Mg/150 Mg Tablet40.0
PeriranPeriran 10 Mg/150 Mg Tablet24.06
RandexRandex 10 Mg/150 Mg Tablet2.11
RandonRandon 10 Mg/150 Mg Tablet33.17
Ranicom DRanicom D 10 Mg/150 Mg Tablet6.13
Ranicool DmRanicool Dm 10 Mg/150 Mg Tablet6.4
Rantac D TabletRantac D 10 Mg/150 Mg Tablet19.48
R PlusR Plus Tablet5.78
UlcidomUlcidom 10 Mg/150 Mg Capsule47.87
CbrandCbrand Tablet9.62
Gertac DmGertac Dm Tablet6.12
Ranila DRanila D Tablet5.48
Ranipep DRanipep D 10 Mg/150 Mg Tablet6.92
RaniprideRanipride 10 Mg/150 Mg Tablet29.5
Ranitas DmRanitas Dm 10 Mg/150 Mg Tablet5.69
Ranit DRanit D 10 Mg/150 Mg Tablet39.0
Rd VRd V 150 Mg/10 Mg Tablet63.0
Reloc DmReloc Dm 10 Mg/150 Mg Tablet4.75
Zynol DmZynol Dm 10 Mg/150 Mg Tablet5.26
Aceptik HospitalAceptik Hospital Liquid198.61
Acidom OAcidom O 4 Mg/150 Mg Tablet16.33
Anset RAnset R Injection19.45
Ranidom On + RantdnRanidom On + Rantdn Injection19.59
Reden OReden O 2 Mg/150 Mg Tablet42.5
R T DomR T Dom 10 Mg/150 Mg/20 Mg Tablet9.76
Aciloc DAciloc D 10 Mg/150 Mg Tablet44.12
AcispasAcispas 10 Mg/150 Mg Tablet16.5
RadicRadic 10 Mg/150 Mg Tablet18.0
CycloranCycloran 10 Mg/150 Mg Tablet20.0
RanidicRanidic Tablet5.29
Ranitas DcRanitas Dc 10 Mg/150 Mg Tablet5.77
Rd SRd S 10 Mg/150 Mg Tablet6.08
Reden PlusReden Plus 10 Mg/150 Mg Injection9.95
ZidiumZidium Injection53.1
AdicoffAdicoff Syrup0.0
Alkof PlusAlkof Plus 2 Mg/50 Mg/0.5 Mg/1.25 Mg Syrup0.0
AsmarilAsmaril Syrup0.0
Bro ZedexBro Zedex Sf Syrup78.5
Chemidrex EChemidrex E Syrup0.0
CufmintCufmint Syrup0.0
CufridCufrid Syrup0.0
Mucorid SyrupMucorid Syrup0.0
TerfenTerfen Syrup0.0
Torex BrTorex Br Syrup0.0
Citikof XCitikof X Syrup57.2
CofhealCofheal Syrup69.5
MegarilMegaril Expectorant50.9
Mucomelt XpMucomelt Xp Syrup59.0
Prodyl XProdyl X Syrup49.01
RexRex Syrup52.37
Sothrex BrSothrex Br Syrup58.0
Sothrex Junior SyrupSothrex Junior Syrup18.68
TopcureTopcure Syrup42.86
Tus AwayTus Away Syrup65.0
Ag XAg X Cream22.36
ArgiseptArgisept 1%/0.2% Cream23.73
BurncoolBurncool 1%/0.2% Cream118.75
Burnheal Burnheal 1%/0.5% Dusting Powder15.62
BurnosilBurnosil Ointment22.5
CssCss 1%/0.2% Cream18.58
DibactDibact 1%/.2% Cream189.42
SilhexSilhex 1%/0.2% Cream8.2
SilvoSilvo 1%/0.2% Cream29.42
WbcWbc Cream65.0
ArgedinArgedin Cream9.0
Burnheal PlusBurnheal Plus Ointment77.0
SaphrineSaphrine 1%/0.2% Cream227.51
Alernyl BAlernyl B Syrup 4 Mg/100 Mg/1 Mg/2 Mg40.0
Benylin EBenylin E Syrup36.11
New EascofNew Eascof Syrup42.86
OkarilOkaril Expectorant70.0
Pedex SPedex S Syrup41.98
Synabron ExpectorantSynabron Expectorant42.0
TordexTordex Syrup63.0
Viscodyne SViscodyne S 4 Mg/100 Mg/1 Mg/2 Mg Syrup67.46
Ascoril Plus DAscoril Plus D Syrup94.0
Refid DRefid D Syrup60.0
Asthacure AmAsthacure Am Syrup26.7
FrankoffFrankoff Syrup65.0
KofgonKofgon Syrup52.0
AmcofAmcof Expectorant60.0
CofsolCofsol Expectorant49.2
Mucobar SMucobar S Syrup59.0
New Epixyl SyrupNew Epixyl Syrup46.2
Recofast SRecofast S Suspension37.77
AxalinAxalin Expectorant53.0
BdxBdx Expectorant43.51
BigtussBigtuss Syrup59.9
Coughsee AmCoughsee Am Syrup47.31
Dotcoff M SyrupDotcoff M Syrup58.0
Kanaka PlusKanaka Plus Syrup71.25
Kazicof Tl SyrupKazicof Tl Syrup55.0
NoxcoldNoxcold Cs Syrup65.0
Oripect AxOripect Ax Syrup46.56
Radihist AxRadihist Ax Syrup52.37
ShipectShipect Syrup69.0
Tacof ExTacof Ex Expectorant55.0
Broncho XpBroncho Xp Syrup50.0
Coffwin AmbCoffwin Amb Syrup18.97
CofvectorCofvector Syrup58.5
Coriza AmCoriza Am Syrup47.7
Deriphyllin BmDeriphyllin Bm Expectorant71.4
Elzin TrElzin Tr Syrup68.57
EudrylEudryl Syrup39.96
ExkofExkof Syrup51.3
FreecofamFreecof Am Syrup55.23
Gerifen ArGerifen Ar Syrup55.38
HelpotusHelpotus Syrup59.0
Kofarest LsKofarest Ls Syrup81.75
New Ventisol ExpectorantNew Ventisol Expectorant60.0
Refid PlusRefid Plus Syrup65.0
Salbex PlusSalbex Plus Syrup56.18
Silkof XSilkof X Expectorant33.33
Soothinex PlusSoothinex Plus Syrup47.25
TricorexTricorex Syrup65.92
Trustyl BrTrustyl Br 100 Ml Syrup55.0
XrateXrate Syrup41.1
ZentussZentuss Syrup47.16
DicloplastDicloplast Patch126.0
FremovFremov Capsule80.6
Encet D PlusEncet D Plus Tablet37.5
Cofwin PzCofwin Pz Syrup0.0
Wifi DWifi D Syrup59.95
Cofstop ZCofstop Z Syrup65.8
ConrinConrin 10 Mg/10 Mg/20 Mg Tablet0.0
Pepdac DPepdac D 10 Mg/10 Mg/20 Mg Tablet6.46
Rt Dom ForteRt Dom Forte 10 Mg/10 Mg/20 Mg Tablet27.5
DandridDandrid Lotion282.0
Elzin DxElzin Dx 2.5 Mg/10 Mg/1 Mg Syrup66.66
Indikof AIndikof A Syrup63.5
Fb FreshoraFb Freshora Gel8.3
HyginaHygina Gel40.2
MetrohexMetrohex Gel5.7
Nitra MetNitra Met 0.25%W/V/10 Mg Gel8.25
Orahex MOrahex M 0.25%/.01% Gel33.0
Orex M 1%W/W/0.25%W/W GelOrex M 1%W/W/0.25%W/W Gel19.18
DentasepDentasep Gel27.0
FogumFogum Gel6.85
MetzineMetzine 0.25%/1% Gel18.08
Metzine CMetzine C Gel19.0
Recool PlusRecool Plus Eye Drop90.0
Zoline GoldZoline Gold Eye Drop0.0
Cofvector LsCofvector Ls Syrup43.5
Phensedyl CrPhensedyl Cr Syrup65.0
Methazil Ear DropsMethazil Ear Drops47.41
NasofineNasofine Nasal Cream64.5
I KulI Kul Eye Drop44.0
Relax PlusRelax Plus Eye Drop79.0
New AiromlNew Airoml 1 Mg/50 Mg/0.5 Mg Liquid17.4
New Ventiphylline PdNew Ventiphylline Pd 1.5 Mg/50 Mg/0.5 Mg Syrup27.0
Scabal P 1%W/W/0.5%W/W/1%W/W SoapScabal P 1%W/W/0.5%W/W/1%W/W Soap58.0
Sufrate SsdSufrate Ssd Cream280.0
BurnosafBurnosaf Cream440.0
ThiorubThiorub Roll On Liniment75.0
Ventirex BrVentirex Br 2.5 Mg/1.25 Mg Syrup50.6
ViscodyneViscodyne Syrup74.5
Zoline PlusZoline Plus Eye Drop72.0
HadensaHadensa Capsule40.0

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