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What is Thrush?

Thrush, also known as candidiasis or a candida infection, is a yeast infection that affects various parts of the body. The fungus Candida albicans is the causative agent, and usually resides in the digestive tract and the skin, and does not produce any symptoms as it lives in symbiosis. Sometimes due to low immunity states, it starts multiplying and causes infections in the mouth, food pipe, throat, vagina, or penis. Depending upon the part affected, it can be

  • Oral candidiasis
  • Vaginal candidiasis
  • Candida oesophagitis
  • Oropharyngeal candidiasis
  • Penile yeast infection

It can affect individuals of different age groups including babies and toddlers.

What are its main signs and symptoms?

Some common signs and symptoms irrespective of which body part is attacked by the fungus are as follows:

  • White patch
  • Itching
  • Irritation
  • Unpleasant odour
  • Pain
  • Slightly raised reddish lesions
  • Fever

What are the main causes?

Candida is normally present in the body but not in numbers that can cause infections. The following factors cause multiplication of this fungus, leading to infections:

  • Medications, such as corticosteroids, contraceptive pills, and antibiotics that weaken the immunity
  • Pregnancy
  • Smoking
  • Dryness of mouth
  • Improperly fitting dentures
  • Uncontrolled diabetes
  • Weakened immunity conditions, such as cancer and HIV

How is it diagnosed and treated?

The diagnosis of oral candidiasis involves a physical examination and microscopical testing of the samples from the affected areas. Candida oesophagitis usually involves endoscopy for its diagnosis. In case of genital candidiasis, a physical examination along with some questions about the symptoms helps in the diagnosis of the condition.

Nystatin, miconazole, and clotrimazole are the commonly prescribed antifungal drugs for the treatment of candidiasis. Oral or intravenous fluconazole is prescribed in case of oesophageal and severe candidiasis. Other types of antifungal drugs are used in cases where fluconazole is not effective in treating the condition.

  1. Medicines for Thrush

Medicines for Thrush

Medicines listed below are available for Thrush. Please note that you should not take any medicines without doctor consultation. Taking any medicine without doctor's consultation can cause serious problems.

Medicine NamePack SizePrice (Rs.)
SyscanSYSCAN 100MG CAPSULE 4S88
DermizoleDermizole 2% Cream0
Clenol LbClenol Lb 100 Mg/100 Mg Tablet55
Candid GoldCANDID GOLD 30GM CREAM59
Propyderm NfPROPYDERM NF CREAM 5GM60
PlitePlite Cream0
FungitopFungitop 2% Cream0
PropyzolePropyzole Cream0
Q CanQ Can 150 Mg Capsule9
MicogelMicogel Cream17
Imidil C VagImidil C Vag Suppository59
Propyzole EPropyzole E Cream0
ReocanReocan 150 Mg Tablet23
MiconelMiconel Gel0
Tinilact ClTinilact Cl Soft Gelatin Capsule135
Canflo BnCanflo Bn 1%/0.05%/0.5% Cream34
Toprap CToprap C Cream28
Saf FSaf F 150 Mg Tablet24
Relin GuardRelin Guard 2% Cream10
VulvoclinVulvoclin 100 Mg/100 Mg Capsule56
Crota NCrota N Cream27
Clop MgClop Mg 0.05%/0.1%/2% Cream34
FubacFUBAC CREAM 10GM0
Canflo BCanflo B Cream27

Do you or anyone in your family have this disease? Please do a survey and help others

References

  1. National Health Service [Internet]. UK; Thrush in men and women.
  2. Cleveland Clinic. [Internet]. Cleveland, Ohio. Thrush.
  3. Center for Disease Control and Prevention [internet], Atlanta (GA): US Department of Health and Human Services; Candida infections of the mouth, throat, and esophagus.
  4. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia: US National Library of Medicine; Yeast Infections.
  5. Better health channel. Department of Health and Human Services [internet]. State government of Victoria; Vaginal thrush.
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