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What are eye infections?

Eye infections are very common and are a cause of major discomfort. Bacteria, virus and fungi are all capable of causing eye infections, resulting in redness, swelling, itching, discharge and pain in the eyes. One of the most commonly occurring eye infections is conjunctivitis, which is usually a viral infection.

What are its main signs and symptoms?

Signs and symptoms associated with common eye infections include:

  • Conjunctivitis and blepharitis:
    • Puffy eyes.
    • Pain.
    • Swelling.
    • Watery discharge from the eyes.
  • Bacterial keratitis:
  • Herpes simplex virus keratitis:
    • Pain.
    • Decreased or blurred vision.
    • Tearing.
    • Discharge.
    • Ulcer.
    • Itching.
    • Photophobia.
  • Endophthalmitis:
    • Pain.
    • Decreased vision.
    • Redness.
  • Stye:
    • Pain.
    • Presence of a lump which may be filled with pus.
    • Eyes appear red and are watery.

What are the main causes?

The causes of eye infections differ for every infection and may include:

  • Conjunctivitis: It is often contracted by direct contact with a person suffering from conjunctivitis.
  • Bacterial keratitis: This often occurs as a result of contact lens wear or trauma.
  • Herpes simplex virus keratitis: This is caused by the herpes simplex virus.
  • Endophthalmitis: It is an inflammation or swelling caused by microbial infection. It often occurs after eye surgery, trauma, and intravitreal (inside the eye) injections.

How is it diagnosed and treated?

Eye infections are diagnosed on the basis of medical history and careful physical examination.

An ophthalmologist may examine your eyes using a slit-lamp microscope.

Investigations include:

  • A culture of scrapings from the cornea or conjunctiva.
  • A culture of discharge from lower conjunctival sac or eyelid.
  • Biopsy of the cornea.

Treatment depends on the type of infection, symptoms and severity. Some treatments for commonly seen eye conditions are as follows:

  • Your doctor may prescribe antiviral drops or gels in case of viral conjunctivitis. Oral antibiotic agents will be required for bacterial conjunctivitis.
  • Chloramphenicol is the most commonly prescribed drug for bacterial keratitis.
  • Herpes simplex keratitis is treated with oral antiviral agents and topical steroids.
  • Endophthalmitis may require vitreal injections or intravenous (in the vein) injections along with oral antibiotics.
  • Treatment of a stye involves symptomatic relief with paracetamol or other analgesics (painkillers). Holding a warm cloth against your eye for a few minutes helps reduce the swelling.

Your ophthalmologist will advise you to avoid wearing contact lenses until your infection has completely subsided.

  1. Medicines for Eye Infections

Medicines for Eye Infections

Medicines listed below are available for Eye Infections. Please note that you should not take any medicines without doctor consultation. Taking any medicine without doctor's consultation can cause serious problems.

Medicine NamePack SizePrice (Rs.)
AzibactAzibact 100 Mg/5 Ml Redimix Suspension21
AtmAtm 100 Mg Tablet Xl20
AzibestAzibest 100 Mg Suspension23
CiploxCIPLOX 03% EYE/EAR DROPS 5ML12
AzilideAzilide 100 Mg Redimix22
ZithroxZithrox 100 Mg Suspension20
AzeeAZEE 100MG DRY 15ML SYRUP27
CifranCIFRAN 750MG TABLET 10S44
AzithralAzithral XL 200 Liquid 60ml152
Ritolide 250 Mg TabletRitolide 250 Mg Tablet168
NeocipNEOCIP SUSPENSION 60ML0
ChlorocolCHLOROCOL 1% EYE OINTMENT 3GM11
ZomycinZomycin 250 Mg Tablet26
NeofloxNeoflox 500 Mg Capsule40
Chloromycetin (Pfizer)Chloromycetin 125 Mg Suspension48
ZybactZybact 250 Mg Tablet84
NewcipNewcip 500 Mg Tablet52
ChlorophenicolChlorophenicol 250 Mg Capsule9
Zycin(Cdl)Zycin 250 Mg Tablet54
NircipNircip 500 Mg Infusion15
Chlor SuccChlor Succ 1 Gm Injection38
ZycinZycin 250 Mg Capsule56
Nucipro (Numed)Nucipro 250 Mg Tablet28
CloralCLORAL LOZENGES TABLET48

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References

  1. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia: US National Library of Medicine; Eye Infections
  2. NPS MedicineWise. Common eye infections. Australia. [internet].
  3. Healthdirect Australia. Eye infections. Australian government: Department of Health
  4. National Health Service [Internet]. UK; Stye
  5. Center for Disease Control and Prevention [internet], Atlanta (GA): US Department of Health and Human Services; About Fungal Eye Infections
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