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What is gingivitis?

Gingivitis is an inflammatory disease of the gums which happens due to the accumulation of dental plaque. Plaque is a naturally occurring colourless, sticky film (biofilm) over the surface of the teeth comprising of bacteria. Plaque can also accumulate between the teeth. If proper care is not taken, the condition can lead to severe gum damage and tooth loss.

What are its main associated signs and symptoms?

You may have gingivitis if you experience the following symptoms:

What are its main causes?

The main cause of gingivitis is plaque build-up. Bacteria present in plaque can affect the gums and cause inflammation and bleeding. This plaque can become hard and form a substance called tartar, which is firmer than a plaque.

Following factors increase the risk of gingivitis:

  • Poor maintenance of oral hygiene
  • Smoking or tobacco use
  • Pregnancy
  • Poor nutrition
  • Stress
  • Diseases like diabetes, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)- infection, and cancer
  • Use of anti-epileptic drugs, cancer drugs, oral contraceptives, and steroid medications

How is it diagnosed and treated?

Regular visits to your dentist can help to identify gum disease early on since the condition is usually painless. Treatment involves removal of plaque from teeth by using special cleaning equipment.

If you feel pain, your dentist will recommend a painkiller (oral) to reduce pain. In some cases, antibiotic is also prescribed. Tooth removal is needed if the infection has affected the gums to a greater extent.

You can prevent gingivitis by following simple self-care tips like:

  • Brush your teeth twice daily
  • Proper flossing, once a day
  • Using mouthwash regularly
  • Regularly check your gums for any change in colour
  • Regular dental check-up
  1. Medicines for Gingivitis

Medicines for Gingivitis

Medicines listed below are available for Gingivitis. Please note that you should not take any medicines without doctor consultation. Taking any medicine without doctor's consultation can cause serious problems.

Medicine NamePack SizePrice (Rs.)
OtorexOtorex Drop60
Mama Natura NisikindSchwabe Nisikind Globules88
Schwabe Aconitum napellus LMSchwabe Aconitum napellus 0/1 LM80
Quik KoolQuik Kool Gel60
Dr. Reckeweg Aconite Nap QDr. Reckeweg Aconite Nap Q 176
Ora FastOra Fast Cream52
Orex LoOrex Lo Gel46
Zytee RbZytee Rb 0.02%/9% Gel76
KaypenKaypen 125 Mg Tablet0
UniwaxUNIWAX EAR DROPS 10ML0
UlcehealUlceheal 0.02%/9% Gel12
ZypexZypex 0.02% W/W/9% W/W Mouth Ulcer Gel39
Raybrom Eye DropRaybrom Eye Drop88
Raycrom 4Raycrom 4 Eye Drops0
Cromyl Forte DropCromyl Forte Drop30
GaticheckGaticheck Eye Drop40
GatisolGatisol Eye Drop47

Do you or anyone in your family have this disease? Please do a survey and help others

References

  1. National Health Service [Internet] NHS inform; Scottish Government; Gum disease.
  2. Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp. [Internet]. Kenilworth, NJ, USA; Gingivitis.
  3. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia: US National Library of Medicine; Gingivitis.
  4. Anuja Chandra. et al. Epidemiology of periodontal diseases in Indian population since last decade. J Int Soc Prev Community Dent. 2016 Mar-Apr; 6(2): 91–96. PMID: 27114945
  5. American Dental Association. [Internet]. Niagara Falls, New York, U.S.; Gingivitis.
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