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What is gingivitis?

Gingivitis is an inflammatory disease of the gums which happens due to the accumulation of dental plaque. Plaque is a naturally occurring colourless, sticky film (biofilm) over the surface of the teeth comprising of bacteria. Plaque can also accumulate between the teeth. If proper care is not taken, the condition can lead to severe gum damage and tooth loss.

What are its main associated signs and symptoms?

You may have gingivitis if you experience the following symptoms:

What are its main causes?

The main cause of gingivitis is plaque build-up. Bacteria present in plaque can affect the gums and cause inflammation and bleeding. This plaque can become hard and form a substance called tartar, which is firmer than a plaque.

Following factors increase the risk of gingivitis:

  • Poor maintenance of oral hygiene
  • Smoking or tobacco use
  • Pregnancy
  • Poor nutrition
  • Stress
  • Diseases like diabetes, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)- infection, and cancer
  • Use of anti-epileptic drugs, cancer drugs, oral contraceptives, and steroid medications

How is it diagnosed and treated?

Regular visits to your dentist can help to identify gum disease early on since the condition is usually painless. Treatment involves removal of plaque from teeth by using special cleaning equipment.

If you feel pain, your dentist will recommend a painkiller (oral) to reduce pain. In some cases, antibiotic is also prescribed. Tooth removal is needed if the infection has affected the gums to a greater extent.

You can prevent gingivitis by following simple self-care tips like:

  • Brush your teeth twice daily
  • Proper flossing, once a day
  • Using mouthwash regularly
  • Regularly check your gums for any change in colour
  • Regular dental check-up
  1. Medicines for Gingivitis

Medicines for Gingivitis

Medicines listed below are available for Gingivitis. Please note that you should not take any medicines without doctor consultation. Taking any medicine without doctor's consultation can cause serious problems.

Medicine NamePack SizePrice (Rs.)
CoolcadCoolcad Syrup34.0
Elgydium Anti PlaqueElgydium Anti Plaque 0.004% W/W Toothpaste259.0
ElugelElugel 0.2% W/W Oral Gel51.0
GermicureGermicure 100 Ml Syrup75.0
Glycoseptol CGlycoseptol C Syrup60.0
HexidineHexidine 0.2% W/V Mouth Wash74.0
SutholSuthol Antiseptic Liquid33.0
Zytee RbZytee Rb 0.02%/9% Gel77.0
AlgicAlgic 0.5%W/V/0.01%W/V Eye Drops48.0
Pred FortePred Forte 1% W/V Eye Drop35.0
MetasprayMetaspray 0.05%W/V/0.01%W/V/0.25%W/V Spray245.5
Aster XAster X 0.12% V/V Mouth Wash75.0
ChlodinChlodin 0.2% W/V Mouth Wash51.92
ChlorexChlorex Ear Drop83.45
Chlorhexidine GluconateChlorhexidine Gluconate 0.2% Mouth Wash16.35
ClodinClodin Soap48.47
ClohexClohex 0.2% W/V Mouth Wash85.5
EludrilEludril 0.1%W/V Mouth Wash97.5
HexicloHexiclo 0.2% Mouth Wash30.0
HexideHexide 0.2% Mouth Wash35.0
HexigelHexigel 1 % W/W Cream39.0
HexiklinHexiklin 0.2% Mouth Wash50.73
HexiprepHexiprep 0.4% Solution111.0
Hygina GargleHygina Gargle 0.2% Solution104.76
MicroshieldMicroshield 4% Solution188.28
Nitra HexNitra Hex 0.20% Mouth Wash73.92
OrasepOrasep 0.20% Mouth Wash319.0
PyrocholPyrochol Eye Drop14.66
RexidinRexidin 0.2% Mouth Wash74.0
Rinzin (Medmanor)Rinzin (Medmanor) 0.20% Mouth Wash46.66
SurgiscrubSurgiscrub 4% Liquid195.31
TangimTangim 0.2% W/V Mouth Wash37.32
TideolTideol 0.2% W/V Mouth Wash75.0
ChlorcipChlorcip 2% Mouth Wash58.5
Chlorhexidine 2 % W/V MouthwashChlorhexidine 2 % W/V Mouthwash18.55
DencureDencure Gum Paint28.35
D FenceD Fence Mouth Wash76.68
HexidaleHexidale 0.20% Mouth Wash55.0
LisarinseLisarinse Mouth Wash71.42
Olsept MwOlsept Mw 0.2% W/V Solution37.9
Oral XOral X Mouth Wash65.0
Refresh (Meridian)Refresh (Meridian) Mouth Wash42.0
SeptlonSeptlon Scrub100.0
Skeen SoapSkeen Soap 1%37.12
StarlonStarlon Solution30.4
ZbromZbrom 0.01%/0.09 W/V Eye Drops91.5
Benzyl Septol ActiveBenzyl Septol Active 3% Syrup33.0
Life OkLife Ok Eye Drop70.0
KaypenKaypen 125 Mg Tablet0.0
Aceptik HospitalAceptik Hospital Liquid198.61
Oflox DOflox D 0.3%W/V/0.1%W/V Eye Drop13.0
Ag XAg X Cream22.36
ArgiseptArgisept 1%/0.2% Cream23.73
BurncoolBurncool 1%/0.2% Cream118.75
Burnheal Burnheal 1%/0.5% Dusting Powder15.62
BurnosilBurnosil Ointment22.5
CssCss 1%/0.2% Cream18.58
DibactDibact 1%/.2% Cream189.42
SilhexSilhex 1%/0.2% Cream8.2
SilvoSilvo 1%/0.2% Cream29.42
WbcWbc Cream65.0
ArgedinArgedin Cream9.0
Burnheal PlusBurnheal Plus Ointment77.0
SaphrineSaphrine 1%/0.2% Cream227.51
Keto DropKeto Drop 0.5%W/V/0.1%W/V Eye Drops66.0
PetopPetop Eye Drop30.0
AppamideAppamide 10 Mg/5 Mg Eye Drops49.67
AppatobaAppatoba 3 Mg/0.05 Mg Eye Drops34.5
Saptob Eye DropsSaptob Eye Drops55.0
RebrexRebrex Eye Ointment60.0
Rebrex Eye DropRebrex Eye Drop42.86
Audisol DropAudisol Drop34.0
WaxolveWaxolve Ear Drop65.89
WaxonilWaxonil Ear Drop74.0
DesolDesol Drop46.67
OtorexOtorex Drop75.6
Vovax Ear DropsVovax Ear Drops32.0
Fb FreshoraFb Freshora Gel8.3
HyginaHygina Gel40.2
MetrohexMetrohex Gel5.7
Nitra MetNitra Met 0.25%W/V/10 Mg Gel8.25
Orahex MOrahex M 0.25%/.01% Gel33.0
Orex M 1%W/W/0.25%W/W GelOrex M 1%W/W/0.25%W/W Gel19.18
DentasepDentasep Gel27.0
FogumFogum Gel6.85
MetzineMetzine 0.25%/1% Gel18.08
Metzine CMetzine C Gel19.0
FromelonFromelon Eye Drop66.0
Saptop FSaptop F Eye Drop85.0
GaticheckGaticheck Eye Drop50.0
GatisolGatisol Eye Drop59.9
IricainIricain Eye Drop47.62
OproxyOproxy Eye Drop48.42
P Caine 0.5%W/V/0.5%W/V Eye DropsP Caine 0.5%W/V/0.5%W/V Eye Drops54.0
KetrodexKetrodex Eye Drop70.0
MomefitMomefit 0.05%W/V/0.02%W/V/0.25%W/V Nasal Spray185.0
Mlobe KtMlobe Kt Eye Drop88.0
Vodamox PlusVodamox Plus Eye Drop100.0
Mlobe PdMlobe Pd Eye Drop90.0
Musing NasalMusing Nasal Drop35.0
SalinaSalina Nasal Drops26.93
Sinarest SSinarest S Nasal Drops36.32
NasofineNasofine Nasal Cream64.5
OcunepaOcunepa Drop100.0
Oflo BmOflo Bm Ointment20.5
Ofloxamac DOfloxamac D 0.3%W/V/0.1%W/V/0.02%W/V Eye Drop9.45
Ojen 0.3% Ear DropsOjen 0.3% Ear Drops38.0
Orex 8.7%W/W/10%W/W CreamOrex 8.7%W/W/10%W/W Cream59.0
OtofluOtoflu 0.3%W/V/0.02%W/V Eye Drops42.0
Quik KoolQuik Kool Gel65.0
Ora FastOra Fast Cream40.0
Orex LoOrex Lo Gel58.3
Raybrom Eye DropRaybrom Eye Drop99.0
Raycrom 4Raycrom 4 Eye Drops55.0
Cromyl Forte DropCromyl Forte Drop38.0
XytolXytol Nasal Drops35.0
Sufrate SsdSufrate Ssd Cream280.0
BurnosafBurnosaf Cream440.0
UlcehealUlceheal 0.02%/9% Gel15.0
ZypexZypex 0.02% W/W/9% W/W Mouth Ulcer Gel49.0
Vilco InfantVilco Infant 0.065%W/V/0.001%W/V/0.002%W/V Nasal Drops44.2
Dr. Reckeweg Aconite Nap DilutionAconite Nap Dilution 1 M155.0
ADEL Aconite Nap DilutionAconitum Napellus Dilution 1 M155.0
Schwabe Aconitum PentarkanAconitum Pentarkan Tablet140.0
Adel 1Adel1 Apo Dolor Drop215.0
Schwabe Alpha-CFAlpha Cf Tablet93.0
Schwabe Alpha-RCAlpha Rc Tablet186.0
Mama Natura NisikindNisikind Globules180.0
Omeo Flu TabletsOmeo Flu Tablet109.0
Dr. Reckeweg R2Reckeweg R2 Essentia Aurea Gold Drop200.0
Dr. Reckeweg R35Reckeweg R35 Teething Aches Drop200.0
Dr. Reckeweg R6Reckeweg R6 Influenza Drop200.0
Dr. Reckeweg R70Reckeweg R70 Neuralgia Drop200.0
Dr. Reckeweg R71Reckeweg R71 Sciatica Drop200.0
Dr. Reckeweg R76Reckeweg R76 Asthma Forte Drop200.0
Dr. Reckeweg R78Reckeweg R78 Eye Care Drops For Drinking200.0
Soliwax Ear DropSoliwax Ear Drop92.0

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