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What is head injury?

Injury to the head, scalp or brain is referred to as head injury. Head injuries can range from a mild bump on the head to a severe form of concussion or a fracture of the skull bone.

What are its main signs and symptoms?

Depending upon the impact of the injury, a person may present with a variable degree of symptoms, which can be mild, moderate or severe.

  • Mild injury
    • Bruise or bump on head
    • Cut on the scalp
    • Headache
    • Photophobia (light sensitivity)
    • Nausea
    • Confusion
    • Light-headedness
    • Changes in the sleep pattern
    • Blurring of vision
  • Moderate injury
    • Temporary loss of consciousness
    • Severe headache
    • Nausea and vomiting
    • Pale skin
    • Irritability or behavioural changes
    • Open wound
  • Severe injury
    • Loss of consciousness
    • Comatose state
    • Seizures
    • Slurring of speech
    • Dilated or fixed pupils
    • Foreign object penetrating the head
    • Vegetative state

What are its main causes?

Causes of head injury are variable. There are different sets of causes in children and adults. In children, it can be due to falling from a height, violence or sports-related injuries, while in adults, it can be due to a road traffic accident (vehicular accident), physical assault or violence, falls or sports injuries.

How is it diagnosed and treated?

A thorough clinical examination inclusive of the Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) helps in staging the head injury. Lower scores on the GCS indicate more severe injury and vice versa. Sometimes, it is difficult to obtain the medical history due to a comatose state. Certain tests are mandatory to check for the extent of the injury and damage to the brain cells. These tests encompass:

  • Computed tomography (CT) scan: It helps in viewing fractures of the skull, bleeding, and tissue swelling.
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan: It is of greater significance compared to CT scan and has greater accuracy.

Mild injury requires observation or use of simple analgesics (along with icepack application) for pain, while moderate and severe injuries require treatment ranging from simple medication to surgery or sometimes admission to the emergency ward.

Treatment for head injury includes:

  • Anti-seizure medications – Seizures are a common symptom of head injury and can damage the brain, thus anti-seizure drugs are of great help.
  • Diuretics – Some types of head injuries cause swelling around the brain; the use of diuretics can reduce this swelling and help in relieving pressure symptoms.
  • Coma-inducing drugs – While the brain is trying to recover on its own, it starts utilising extra oxygen. However, since the blood vessels are affected, it may not get enough oxygen, and this can result in further injury and death of brain cells. So, to avoid further injury, coma-inducing drugs are used to temporarily reduce the functioning of brain cells.

Surgical treatment of head injuries includes:

  • Repairing the skull fracture
  • Suturing the bleeding brain vessel
  • Creating a window in the skull to relieve pressure on the brain

Apart from surgery and medications, rehabilitation is required to improve the functioning of the brain and organs affected due to brain damage. Rehabilitation includes physiotherapy, occupational therapy, counselling and recreational therapy.

  1. Medicines for Head Injury
  2. Doctors for Head Injury
Dr. Vimal Raj

Dr. Vimal Raj

सामान्य चिकित्सा

Dr. Sanjay Jindal

Dr. Sanjay Jindal

सामान्य चिकित्सा

Dr. Om Shah

Dr. Om Shah

सामान्य चिकित्सा

Medicines for Head Injury

Medicines listed below are available for Head Injury. Please note that you should not take any medicines without doctor consultation. Taking any medicine without doctor's consultation can cause serious problems.

Medicine NamePack SizePrice (Rs.)
CehamCeham 1000 Mg Injection186.0
CitimacCitimac 2 Mg Injection96.0
CitistarCitistar 250 Mg Injection95.0
CitrokCitrok 250 Mg Injection89.0
ClinaxonClinaxon 2 Mg Injection104.0
NurocolNurocol 250 Mg Injection200.0
PrexaronPrexaron 1000 Mg Tablet Sr700.0
StoraxStorax 250 Mg Injection175.0
StrocitStrocit 250 Mg Injection105.0
StrolinStrolin 500 Mg Tablet464.0
Braincit TabletBraincit Tablet421.0
CitelecCitelec 250 Mg Injection115.0
CitibralCitibral 10 Mg Tablet356.0
CitifloCitiflo 500 Mg Injection80.0
CitilinCitilin 1000 Mg Tablet Sr690.0
CitimetCitimet 500 Mg Tablet400.0
CitinerveCitinerve 500 Mg Tablet439.0
Citinerve OdCitinerve Od 1000 Mg Tablet659.0
CitinovaCitinova 250 Mg Injection113.0
CitivasCitivas 500 Mg Tablet233.0
CitizacCitizac 250 Mg Injection95.0
ColibraColibra 500 Mg Tablet375.0
ColihenzColihenz 250 Mg Injection107.0
CriticolineCriticoline 250 Mg Injection450.0
Ct Cva TabletCt Cva Tablet400.0
LinaxonLinaxon 2 Mg Injection95.0
NeticolNeticol 250 Mg Injection406.0
NeucholineNeucholine 250 Mg Injection182.0
NeucitiNeuciti 250 Mg Injection139.0
NeurosparkNeurospark 500 Mg Injection94.0
OxcityOxcity 500 Mg Tablet450.0
Somazina (Elder)Somazina 1000 Mg Injection189.0
Somazina (Dr Reddy)Somazina 1 Gm Tablet Sr707.0
StrocozStrocoz 250 Mg Injection153.0
StrozinaStrozina 1000 Mg Tablet571.0
CholinecadCholinecad 250 Mg Injection80.0
CiticoCitico 1000 Mg Tablet Cr699.0
Citicure PlusCiticure Plus Tablet485.0
CitisrinCitisrin 500 Mg Tablet460.0
CitisureCitisure 250 Mg Injection85.0
CognexCognex Tablet390.0
CognolinCognolin 500 Mg Tablet468.0
CvcitCvcit 500 Mg Tablet539.0
EncephaEncepha 500 Mg Tablet384.0
N CitiN Citi 500 Mg Tablet342.0
NeurocitiNeurociti 750 Mg Tablet500.0
NusomaNusoma Tablet381.0
PrevanorPrevanor 250 Mg Injection78.0
RecognixRecognix 500 Mg Injection99.0
ShicolinShicolin 500 Mg Tablet378.0
Strolife MonoStrolife Mono 250 Mg Injection89.0
StropilStropil 500 Mg Tablet420.0
UnicholinUnicholin 500 Mg Injection91.0
XcitiXciti 500 Mg Tablet366.0
ZiticolinZiticolin 500 Mg Tablet363.0
CerecetamCerecetam 1200 Mg Tablet141.0
FlocetamFlocetam 1200 Mg Tablet153.0
NeetamNeetam 400 Mg Tablet49.0
NeurocetamNeurocetam 1200 Tablet208.0
NeurofitNeurofit 12 Tablet165.0
Neuromin MNeuromin M 800 Mg Tablet100.0
NootropilNootropil 1200 Mg Granules209.0
NormabrainNormabrain 200 Mg Injection79.0
PiramentPirament 400 Mg Tablet59.0
SumocetamSumocetam 1200 Mg Capsule127.0
AlcitamAlcitam 800 Mg Tablet81.0
AmcetamAmcetam 1200 Mg Tablet114.0
ArcetamArcetam 1200 Mg Tablet126.0
ArkacetamArkacetam 400 Mg Tablet48.0
CeactCeact 400 Mg Tablet53.0
CerebraxCerebrax 800 Mg Tablet95.0
CerefloCereflo 200 Mg Infusion242.0
CeretorCeretor 1200 Mg Tablet142.0
Cetam (Hema Labs)Cetam Capsule42.0
CognitamCognitam 400 Mg Tablet58.0
CognixCognix 200 Mg Injection82.0
CogpexCogpex 10 Gm Injection114.0
MemocetamMemocetam 400 Mg Tablet60.0
MoracetamMoracetam 1200 Mg Tablet159.0
NeurocetNeurocet 1200 Mg Tablet120.0
NeuroxNeurox 400 Mg Tablet37.0
NicetamNicetam 200 Mg Injection91.0
NoocetNoocet 800 Mg Tablet84.0
NoofitNoofit 400 Mg Syrup93.0
NurestNurest 400 Mg Capsule48.0
NutamNutam 1200 Mg Tablet141.0
Nutam BolusNutam Bolus 200 Mg Infusion222.0
OlcitamOlcitam 400 Mg Capsule47.0
OxcetamOxcetam 100 Mg Syrup162.0
Pc (Theo)Pc 8 Mg Tablet86.0
PerceptalPerceptal 1200 Mg Tablet125.0
PiePie 800 Mg Tablet90.0
PirabelPirabel 1200 Mg Tablet115.0
PiracPirac 400 Mg Capsule55.0
PirahenzPirahenz 200 Mg Injection77.0
PiratonePiratone 400 Mg Tablet39.0
Renervol PRenervol P 500 Mg Syrup213.0
StemStem 200 Mg Injection79.0
TamTam 800 Mg Tablet82.0
TritamTritam 400 Mg Capsule50.0
AlcetamAlcetam 400 Mg Tablet48.0
CeremaxCeremax Syrup125.0
CetamsrinCetamsrin 800 Mg Tablet88.0
CitalexiaCitalexia Syrup173.0
DalusDalus Syrup220.0
NacetamNacetam Injection81.0
NervopilNervopil 400 Mg Tablet16.0
NeucetNeucet 800 Mg Tablet70.0
NeurodutchNeurodutch Tablet49.0
NeuropilNeuropil 400 Mg Tablet43.0
NupicNupic 400 Mg Tablet45.0
NurogisNurogis Tablet87.0
PegacetamPegacetam 800 Mg Tablet76.0
PiracetPiracet 400 Mg Tablet64.0
PiraPira 800 Mg Tablet134.0
Pira GpcPira Gpc Tablet369.0
PirapilPirapil 1200 Mg Tablet164.0
PolytamPolytam 800 Mg Tablet83.0
P Tam (Ceras)P Tam 400 Mg Tablet50.0
ZopresZopres 400 Mg Tablet45.0
Cognitam PlusCognitam Plus 500 Mg/400 Mg Tablet415.0
Cogpex PlusCogpex Plus Tablet450.0
Colihenz PColihenz P 500 Mg/400 Mg Tablet495.0
Neucholine PlusNeucholine Plus Tablet460.0
Nootropil CNootropil C Tablet550.0
Strocit PlusStrocit Plus Tablet525.0
Cbcolin PCbcolin P Tablet500.0
Ceham PCeham P 500 Mg/400 Mg Tablet498.0
Ceretor PlusCeretor Plus Tablet399.0
Cholinecad PlusCholinecad Plus Tablet447.0
Citico PlusCitico Plus 500 Mg/400 Mg Tablet371.0
Citiflo PlusCitiflo Plus 500 Mg/800 Mg Tablet450.0
Citilin PCitilin P 500 Mg/400 Mg Tablet512.0
Citimac PCitimac P 500 Mg/800 Mg Tablet473.0
Citinerve PCitinerve P 500 Mg/400 Mg Tablet493.0
Clinaxon PClinaxon P 500 Mg/400 Mg Tablet530.0
Cognipil PlusCognipil Plus Tablet470.0
Dalus ForteDalus Forte Tablet470.0
N Citi PlusN Citi Plus 500 Mg/800 Mg Tablet411.0
Neuciti ForteNeuciti Forte Tablet413.0
Neuciti PlusNeuciti Plus Syrup520.0
Neurocetam PlusNeurocetam Plus Tablet490.0
Nutam PlusNutam Plus 800 Mg/500 Mg Tablet450.0
Prexaron PlusPrexaron Plus 500 Mg/800 Mg Tablet485.0
Somazina PlusSomazina Plus Tablet504.0
Storax PrStorax Pr 500 Mg/800 Mg Tablet529.0
Strocoz PlusStrocoz Plus Tablet450.0
StrolifeStrolife Tablet419.0
Strolin PStrolin P 400 Mg Tablet449.0
Strozina PlusStrozina Plus Tablet450.0
ToplineTopline Forte Tablet424.0
Topline PlusTopline Plus Tablet350.0
CelovanCelovan 1000 Mg Injection650.0
G VancG Vanc 500 Mg Injection330.47
Mego InjectionMego 1000 Mg Injection681.68
Vanacin CpVanacin Cp 1000 Mg Injection337.5
Vancocin (Eli Lilly)Vancocin 500 Mg Injection319.33
VancocipVancocip 500 Mg Injection365.0
VancorayVancoray 500 Mg Injection369.0
VancosaVancosa 1 Gm Injection680.0
VancozenVancozen 1 Gm Injection680.0
Vantox CpVantox Cp 1 Gm Injection500.0
ForstafForstaf 500 Mg Injection335.0
Vancocin CpVancocin Cp 500 Mg Injection383.2
Vanco Cp (Vhb)Vanco Cp 500 Mg Injection342.86
VancogenVancogen 1 Gm Injection574.0
VancogramVancogram 500 Mg Injection344.48
VancolymVancolym 500 Mg Injection385.0
Vancomycin C.P (Astra)Vancomycin C.P 500 Mg Injection281.25
Vancotech CpVancotech Cp 500 Mg Injection347.0
VancotroyVancotroy 500 Mg Injection361.0
Vancowar CpVancowar Cp 500 Mg Injection347.1
VankingVanking 1 Gm Injection591.0
VanlidVanlid 250 Mg Capsule1039.5
VmycinVmycin 500 Mg Injection299.0
AnesthalAnesthal 1 Gm Injection43.27
PentonePentone 1 Gm Injection50.0
PentothalPentothal 0.5 Gm Injection40.0
ThiopentalThiopental 1 Gm Injection72.9
Thiosol ForteThiosol Forte Lotion40.26
ThiotalThiotal 500 Mg Injection57.11
ThiozThioz 1000 Mg Injection72.11
ThipenThipen 1 Gm Injection51.58
EncephabolEncephabol 100 Mg Suspension159.9
RenervolRenervol 100 Mg Suspension63.0
ClinhairClinhair 2%/1% Shampoo125.62
DanclearDanclear 1%/2% Gel214.16
DandropDandrop 2%/1% Lotion228.57
SeborenSeboren 2%/1% Shampoo97.0
CutiglosCutiglos Shampoo149.31
Dandruff PlusDandruff Plus Soap18.93
HighgrowHighgrow Shampoo129.37
KetokemKetokem Shampoo150.0
CognivelCognivel Tablet179.0
Moracetam VMoracetam V Forte 60 Mg/800 Mg/5 Mg Tablet171.33
Cognix PlusCognix Plus Tablet218.4
Gencephal TrioGencephal Trio 60 Mg/800 Mg/5 Mg Tablet199.0
DancureDancure 1%/2% Shampoo70.0
Triben AdTriben Ad Lotion216.0
Moracetam AgMoracetam Ag Tablet799.0
Cet PlusCet Plus 400 Mg/60 Mg Tablet40.0
Stablanz PvStablanz Pv Tablet180.9
BestflowBestflow Tablet164.5
EmidasEmidas Ls Tablet84.36
Zevert PvgZevert Pvg Tablet198.0
Vanco PlusVanco Plus 1000 Mg/500 Mg Injection428.0
Xl VXl V 1000 Mg/500 Mg Injection360.0
XplocefXplocef 1000 Mg/500 Mg Injection425.0
Cefirone VCefirone V 1000 Mg/500 Mg Injection390.0

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