myUpchar प्लस+ के साथ पूरेे परिवार के हेल्थ खर्च पर भारी बचत

What is Liver Cirrhosis?

Liver cirrhosis is a condition where the liver gets scarred due to long-term liver damage. The liver shrinks and hardens. Therefore, it is not able to function properly and may ultimately cause liver failure. The condition also impacts the blood supply to the liver and creates a condition termed as portal hypertension.

Cirrhosis is a progressive disease and replaces the healthy tissue with fibrous bands. In response to natural defences, the liver nodules get ready to fight the trigger and get scarred and cover the whole peripheral surface of the liver. These scar tissues overtake the blood supply to the liver and may steer towards total liver failure or death.

What are its main signs and symptoms?

Initial symptoms of the condition include:

In later stages, the condition is characterized by:

  
What are its main causes?

Common triggers of the liver cirrhosis include:

  • Viral infection like hepatitis B, or C
  • Chronic alcohol intake
  • Fatty liver disease (non-alcoholic)
  • Obesity
  • Cystic fibrosis
  • Chronic hypertension
  • Autoimmune diseases like autoimmune hepatitis
  • Blockage in bile ducts
  • Herbal preparations that harm the liver
  • Exposure to chemicals
  • Heart failure
  • Fungal infections of the liver
  • Genetic liver diseases
  • Copper or iron excess in body

How is it diagnosed and treated?

Diagnosis of the condition is done by a doctor by the following methods:

  • Blood tests to identify the functioning of the liver
  • Liver biopsy
  • MRI scan
  • Upper digestive tract endoscopy
  • CT scan
  • Ultrasound

Above tests may help identify the degree of the complications associated with the condition. A scale called as Childs-Pugh test score classifies the condition as:

  • Severe
  • Moderate
  • Mild

Cirrhosis may also be classified as compensated or decompensated to assess the degree of damage. A compensated cirrhosis means that the liver can function despite the condition. A decompensated liver is often classified as a final stage in the liver disease.

Cirrhosis can be improved by stopping the consumption of alcohol or treatment of the underlying virus. Usually, the focus of the treatment of the condition entails to slow down the progression of scar tissue. Treatment of the condition can be associated with:

  • Consumption of a balanced diet
  • Avoiding high sodium intake
  • Treatment of hepatitis virus
  • Suppression of iron and copper levels

 

In case of severe issues, liver transplant is the last therapeutic option. However, if left untreated, the issue may become complicated leading to :

  1. Medicines for Liver Cirrhosis
  2. Doctors for Liver Cirrhosis
Dr. Suraj Bhagat

Dr. Suraj Bhagat

गैस्ट्रोएंटरोलॉजी

Dr. Smruti Ranjan Mishra

Dr. Smruti Ranjan Mishra

गैस्ट्रोएंटरोलॉजी

Dr. Sankar Narayanan

Dr. Sankar Narayanan

गैस्ट्रोएंटरोलॉजी

Medicines for Liver Cirrhosis

Medicines listed below are available for Liver Cirrhosis. Please note that you should not take any medicines without doctor consultation. Taking any medicine without doctor's consultation can cause serious problems.

Medicine NamePack SizePrice (Rs.)
UrsocolURSOCOL 450MG TABLET SR 10S220
Udiliv TabletUdiliv 150 mg Tablet237
UdimarinUdimarin 140 Mg/300 Mg Tablet292
ActimarinActimarin 70 Mg/150 Mg Tablet160
Gemiuro PlusGemiuro Plus Tablet0
Udimarin ForteUdimarin Forte 140 Mg/300 Mg Tablet0
UdiplusUdiplus 140 Mg/300 Mg Tablet280
Ulyses PlusUlyses Plus 140 Mg/300 Mg Tablet296
UdibonUdibon 140 Mg/300 Mg Tablet344
Urdohep SlUrdohep Sl 140 Mg/300 Mg Tablet240
Ursetor PlusUrsetor Plus 300 Mg/140 Mg Tablet244
Ursodox PlusUrsodox Plus Tablet238
Ursokem PlusUrsokem Plus 140 Mg/300 Mg Tablet300
Ursolic PlusUrsolic Plus Tablet200
HepacureHepacure 100 Mg/150 Mg Tablet0
LivogardLivogard 5 Mg Infusion187
SBL Plumbum carbonicum DilutionSBL Plumbum carbonicum Dilution 1000 CH86
ActibileActibile 150 Mg Tablet142
GolbiGolbi 150 Mg Tablet116

Do you or anyone in your family have this disease? Please do a survey and help others

References

  1. National Health Service [Internet]. UK; Overview - Cirrhosis
  2. American liver Foundation. The Progression of Liver Disease. [Internet]
  3. Detlef Schuppan, Nezam H. Afdhal. Liver Cirrhosis. Lancet. Author manuscript; available in PMC 2009 Mar 8. PMID: 18328931
  4. The Johns Hopkins University. Chronic Liver Disease/Cirrhosis. [Internet]
  5. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia: US National Library of Medicine; Cirrhosis

Related Articles

और पढ़ें ...