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What is nephritis?

Nephritis is a condition in which one or both kidneys are swollen and inflamed. Kidneys are a vital organ in the human body as they help in clearing out excess water along with other waste products and retain necessary materials like protein in the body. Damage to the kidneys causes our body to lose essential nutrients like proteins through the urine. Nephritis is of two types:

  • Glomerulonephritis, in which the glomeruli are inflamed, affecting the filtering of waste and water from the body.
  • Interstitial nephritis, in which the interstitium, i.e., the spaces between the tubules in the kidneys are inflamed, affecting kidney function.

What are its main signs and symptoms?

The symptoms of nephritis are:

What are its main causes?

Although the exact causes of nephritis are not clear, they may vary depending upon the type of nephritis.

 Glomerulonephritis may be caused by:

  • A dysfunction in the immune system
  • History of cancer
  • Exposure to hydrocarbon solvents
  • Disorders of the blood or lymphatic system
  • Viral infections, heart infection, and abscess
  • Lupus nephritis
  • Disorders affecting the basal layer of glomeruli, which play a role in filtration
  • Kidney diseases due to excessive use of painkillers

Interstitial nephritis may be caused by:

How is it diagnosed and treated?

Glomerulonephritis can be diagnosed with the help of:

  • Abdominal CT scanning
  • Chest X-rays
  • Ultrasound imaging of the kidneys
  • Intravenous pyelogram
  • Urine test to detect creatinine clearance, protein, red blood cells, uric acid, etc.

Interstitial nephritis can be diagnosed with the help of:

  • BUN and creatinine levels in the blood
  • Complete blood count
  • Ultrasound imaging of the kidneys
  • Urine test
  • Kidney biopsy

Treatment of both types of nephritis depends on the cause of the condition. Controlling the causes can help in the management of the condition. Some measures that help in the management of nephritis are:

  • Limiting salt intake to manage blood pressure
  • Limiting protein intake to control waste production
  • Anti-inflammatory medications
  • Anti-hypertensive medications (Read more: High blood pressure treatment)
  • Kidney transplantation or dialysis may be needed in case of kidney 
  1. Medicines for Nephritis
  2. Doctors for Nephritis
Dr. Vijay Kher

Dr. Vijay Kher

गुर्दे की कार्यवाही और रोगों का विज्ञान

Dr. Shyam Bihari Bansal

Dr. Shyam Bihari Bansal

गुर्दे की कार्यवाही और रोगों का विज्ञान

Dr. Pranaw Kumar Jha

Dr. Pranaw Kumar Jha

गुर्दे की कार्यवाही और रोगों का विज्ञान

Medicines for Nephritis

Medicines listed below are available for Nephritis. Please note that you should not take any medicines without doctor consultation. Taking any medicine without doctor's consultation can cause serious problems.

Medicine NamePack SizePrice (Rs.)
CiploxCIPLOX 03% EYE/EAR DROPS 5ML12
CifranCIFRAN 750MG TABLET 10S44
L CinL Cin 0.50% Eye/Ear Drops32
ADEL 28 Plevent DropADEL 28 Plevent Drop200
GigaquinGigaquin 500 Mg Tablet52
NeocipNEOCIP SUSPENSION 60ML0
ADEL 29 Akutur DropADEL 29 Akutur Drop200
Heal UpHeal Up 500 Mg Tablet62
NeofloxNeoflox 500 Mg Capsule40
HinlevoHinlevo 500 Mg Tablet36
NewcipNewcip 500 Mg Tablet52
SBL Senecio aureus DilutionSBL Senecio aureus Dilution 1000 CH86
InfaxInfax 500 Mg Tablet32
NircipNircip 500 Mg Infusion15
JetfloxJetflox 500 Mg Tablet33
Nucipro (Numed)Nucipro 250 Mg Tablet28
JoycinJoycin 500 Mg Tablet0
OlbidOlbid 250 Mg Tablet27
L250L250 250 Mg Tablet16
OmnifloxOmniflox 250 Mg Tablet28
ADEL 36 Pollon DropADEL 36 Pollon Drop200
Bjain Lespedeza sieboldii DilutionBjain Lespedeza sieboldii Dilution 1000 CH63
L500L500 500 Mg Tablet32
PerifloxPeriflox 500 Mg Tablet53

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References

  1. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia: US National Library of Medicine; Glomerulonephritis.
  2. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia: US National Library of Medicine; Interstitial nephritis.
  3. Kidney Health Australia [Internet]: Melbourne Victoria; Nephritis – Glomerulonephritis.
  4. Center for Parent Information and Resources [Internet]: Newark, New Jersey; Nephritis.
  5. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. [Internet]. U.S. Department of Health & Human Services; Lupus and Kidney Disease (Lupus Nephritis).
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