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What are preeclampsia and eclampsia?

Preeclampsia is a condition that some women develop during pregnancy where the blood pressure shoots up. This condition is typical in women who have not had blood pressure–related issues before. A more severe case called eclampsia, which affects 1 in 200 women with preeclampsia, may be experienced where women start to have seizures as a result of the elevated blood pressure.

What are its main signs and symptoms?

Symptoms differ by condition and from one person to another. However, they may broadly include:

  • Preeclampsia: Retention of fluid in the body causing weight gain, headaches, altered vision, nausea, abdominal pain and lowered urine output
  • Eclampsia: Swelling on the face and hands, blurred vision, disorientation, moments of failed vision, and loss of consciousness

What are the main causes?

It is hard to predict the exact cause of preeclampsia, although doctors do suggest that inadequate or poor diet, lack of blood flow or lowered blood flow to the uterus, or some genetic causes may contribute to the condition. In the case of preeclampsia, doctors are most likely to believe that abnormalities in the placenta or even elevated protein levels can lead to it, apart from the obvious high blood pressure.

How is it diagnosed and treated?

In diagnosing preeclampsia and eclampsia, doctors first check blood pressure levels and monitor them over a period of time. They may take some blood samples to check for blood count, platelets for clotting time, kidney and liver function as well. In addition, urine protein levels may be examined and creatinine checks may be conducted.

The ideal treatment for eclampsia and preeclampsia is to have the baby delivered, although this depends on the development of the baby and the condition of the mother as well. In cases where the condition is mild, doctors may suggest bed rest, a medication for blood pressure and regular blood tests. In certain complicated cases, doctors may even recommend that the pregnant woman is admitted to the hospital. If the individual has eclampsia, doctors may also prescribe anticonvulsants to prevent seizures. It is expected that all signs of preeclampsia or eclampsia go away within 6 weeks of delivery.

  1. Medicines for Preeclampsia and Eclampsia

Medicines for Preeclampsia and Eclampsia

Medicines listed below are available for Preeclampsia and Eclampsia. Please note that you should not take any medicines without doctor consultation. Taking any medicine without doctor's consultation can cause serious problems.

Medicine NamePack SizePrice (Rs.)
Clopitab AClopitab-A 150 Capsule55.0
Rosave TrioRosave Trio 10 Mg Tablet112.0
Rosutor GoldROSUTOR GOLD 20/150MG CAPSULE207.0
Ecosprin Av CapsuleEcosprin-AV 150 Capsule36.0
Deplatt CvDeplatt-CV 20 Capsule69.0
Ecosprin GoldEcosprin Gold 10 Capsule55.0
EcosprinEcosprin 150 Mg Tablet6.0
Deplatt ADeplatt A 150 Tablet49.0
PolycapPOLYCAP CAPSULE 10S200.0
PolytorvaPolytorva 10 Mg/150 Mg/2.5 Mg Kit84.0
Prax APrax A 75 Capsule188.0
SycodepSycodep 25 Mg/2 Mg Tablet0.0
PlacidoxPlacidox 10 Mg Tablet19.0
ToframineToframine 25 Mg/2 Mg Tablet8.0
Rosvin GoldROSVIN GOLD 10MG CAPSULE88.0
ValiumValium 10 Mg Tablet60.0
TrikodepTrikodep 2.5 Mg/25 Mg Tablet0.0
AlzepamAlzepam 10 Mg Tablet8.0
Trikodep ForteTrikodep Forte 5 Mg/50 Mg Tablet0.0
BioposeBiopose 5 Mg Tablet2.0
TudepTudep 25 Mg/2 Mg Tablet0.0
Rozucor GoldROZUCOR GOLD 10MG CAPSULE 10S104.0
CalmodCalmod 5 Mg Tablet5.0
AnexidepAnexidep 25 Mg/2 Mg Tablet12.0
Rxtor GoldRXTOR GOLD 10MG CAPSULE 10S104.0

Do you or anyone in your family have this disease? Please do a survey and help others

References

  1. American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists [Internet] Washington, DC; Preeclampsia and Hypertension in Pregnancy: Resource Overview
  2. Liu S et al. Incidence, risk factors, and associated complications of eclampsia. Obstet Gynecol. 2011 Nov;118(5):987-94. PMID: 22015865
  3. Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human; National Health Service [Internet]. UK; Preeclampsia and Eclampsia
  4. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia: US National Library of Medicine; Eclampsia
  5. Kathryn R. Fingar et al. Delivery Hospitalizations Involving Preeclampsia and Eclampsia, 2005–2014 . Healthcare cost and utilization project; Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality
  6. Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion. Helping Doctors Communicate with Patients About Preeclampsia. [Internet]

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