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What is salt deficiency?

Salt is naturally found in foods, but most times, salt is added while preparing food. Salt or sodium chloride is an essential nutrient that helps maintain blood pressure and blood volume. It also helps control the body’s fluid balance. The condition of low salt levels in the body is termed hyponatraemia and/or hypochloraemia.

What are its main signs and symptoms?

The main signs and symptoms of salt deficiency are:

What are the main causes?

The main causes of salt deficiency are:

  • High levels of fluid or water in the body
  • Losing salt or both salt and fluid from the body
  • Kidney failure
  • Congestive heart failure
  • Change in levels of certain hormones like low thyroid levels
  • Medications (diuretics, painkillers and antidepressants)
  • Polydipsia (excessive thirst)
  • Severe diarrhoea and vomiting

How is it diagnosed and treated?

Salt deficiency is diagnosed by going through the patient’s medical history and performing a physical examination. Problems in the gastrointestinal, neurologic, heart, kidney and endocrine system are specifically looked for. Laboratory tests including a creatinine level test, complete metabolic panel, urinary and blood sodium and chlorine levels tests and other tests, if required.

Salt deficiency is treated based on its underlying cause. Following are the methods used to treat salt deficiency:

  • Sodium solution is given orally or via intravenous route (through the vein)
  • Dialysis to help the kidneys remove extra water from the body
  • Medications to retain the salt levels in the body
  • Medications to manage the symptoms of salt deficiency including seizures, nausea and headaches
  • A diet recommendation with adequate salt levels
  • Short-term treatments include adjusting medications and restricting water intake to treat the causes.
  1. Medicines for Salt Deficiency
  2. Doctors for Salt Deficiency
Dr. Tanmay Bharani

Dr. Tanmay Bharani

एंडोक्राइन ग्रंथियों और होर्मोनेस सम्बन्धी विज्ञान

Dr. Sunil Kumar Mishra

Dr. Sunil Kumar Mishra

एंडोक्राइन ग्रंथियों और होर्मोनेस सम्बन्धी विज्ञान

Dr. Parjeet Kaur

Dr. Parjeet Kaur

एंडोक्राइन ग्रंथियों और होर्मोनेस सम्बन्धी विज्ञान

Medicines for Salt Deficiency

Medicines listed below are available for Salt Deficiency. Please note that you should not take any medicines without doctor consultation. Taking any medicine without doctor's consultation can cause serious problems.

Medicine NamePack SizePrice (Rs.)
RenolenRenolen Eye Drop47
HyprosolHyprosol 0.490 W/V/2 W/V Prefilled Syringe88
HysolHysol Eye Drop36
D.N.SDns Infusion38
Dns (Baxter)Dns 5 G/0.45 G Infusion24
Dns (Parenteral Drug)Dns 5%W/V/0.9%W/V Infusion20
Dns (Denis)Dns Infusion36
GrelyteGrelyte Solution25
Sodium Chloride (Albert)Sodium Chloride Solution23
TnaTna Peri Infusion1469
Leclyte G PlLeclyte G Pl Solution35
CatlonCatlon Drop54
SterofundinSterofundin Iso Infusion180
N.S (Parenteral)N.S Infusion18
RallidexRallidex Infusion337
Dextrose With Normal SalineDextrose With Normal Saline 5% Infusion17
Dns (Venus)Dns Solution36
Dns Water (Albert)Dns Water 0.9% W/V Infusion23
HypersolHypersol 5% Eye Drop52

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References

  1. Michael M. Braun et al. Diagnosis and Management of Sodium Disorders: Hyponatremia and Hypernatremia. Am Fam Physician. 2015 Mar 1;91(5):299-307. American Academy of Family Physicians.
  2. Cleveland Clinic. [Internet]. Cleveland, Ohio. Hyponatremia
  3. National Kidney Foundation [Internet] New York; Hyponatremia
  4. Better health channel. Department of Health and Human Services [internet]. State government of Victoria; Salt
  5. National Health Portal [Internet] India; Global Iodine Deficiency Disorders Prevention Day
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