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What is salt deficiency?

Salt is naturally found in foods, but most times, salt is added while preparing food. Salt or sodium chloride is an essential nutrient that helps maintain blood pressure and blood volume. It also helps control the body’s fluid balance. The condition of low salt levels in the body is termed hyponatraemia and/or hypochloraemia.

What are its main signs and symptoms?

The main signs and symptoms of salt deficiency are:

What are the main causes?

The main causes of salt deficiency are:

  • High levels of fluid or water in the body
  • Losing salt or both salt and fluid from the body
  • Kidney failure
  • Congestive heart failure
  • Change in levels of certain hormones like low thyroid levels
  • Medications (diuretics, painkillers and antidepressants)
  • Polydipsia (excessive thirst)
  • Severe diarrhoea and vomiting

How is it diagnosed and treated?

Salt deficiency is diagnosed by going through the patient’s medical history and performing a physical examination. Problems in the gastrointestinal, neurologic, heart, kidney and endocrine system are specifically looked for. Laboratory tests including a creatinine level test, complete metabolic panel, urinary and blood sodium and chlorine levels tests and other tests, if required.

Salt deficiency is treated based on its underlying cause. Following are the methods used to treat salt deficiency:

  • Sodium solution is given orally or via intravenous route (through the vein)
  • Dialysis to help the kidneys remove extra water from the body
  • Medications to retain the salt levels in the body
  • Medications to manage the symptoms of salt deficiency including seizures, nausea and headaches
  • A diet recommendation with adequate salt levels
  • Short-term treatments include adjusting medications and restricting water intake to treat the causes.
  1. Medicines for Salt Deficiency
  2. Doctors for Salt Deficiency
Dr. B.P Yadav

Dr. B.P Yadav

एंडोक्राइन ग्रंथियों और होर्मोनेस सम्बन्धी विज्ञान

Dr. Vineet Saboo

Dr. Vineet Saboo

एंडोक्राइन ग्रंथियों और होर्मोनेस सम्बन्धी विज्ञान

Dr. JITENDRA GUPTA

Dr. JITENDRA GUPTA

एंडोक्राइन ग्रंथियों और होर्मोनेस सम्बन्धी विज्ञान

Medicines for Salt Deficiency

Medicines listed below are available for Salt Deficiency. Please note that you should not take any medicines without doctor consultation. Taking any medicine without doctor's consultation can cause serious problems.

Medicine NamePack SizePrice (Rs.)
Dextrose With Normal SalineDextrose With Normal Saline 5% Infusion22.0
Dns (Venus)Dns Solution45.0
Dns Water (Albert)Dns Water 0.9% W/V Infusion29.0
HypersolHypersol 5% Eye Drop54.05
NasomistNasomist Nasal Drops31.0
NazoNazo Drop28.0
NazoneNazone Nasal Drops40.0
Normal Saline (Albert)Normal Saline 0.90% Infusion26.0
Normal Saline (Baxter)Normal Saline 0.9% W/V Infusion10.0
Normal Saline (Claris Life)Normal Saline 0.9% W/V Infusion10.0
D (Parentral)D 5% Infusion10.0
ExpavonExpavon 0.9% Infusion495.0
Haes SterilHaes Steril 3% Infusion292.0
HitsolHitsol Eye Drop55.0
IsolIsol 6% W/V Eye Drop40.0
Nacl 6Nacl 6 6%W/W Ointment92.0
Nasivion SNasivion S Nasal Drops30.0
NasiwarNasiwar Adult Nasal Drops57.0
Nasiwar SNasiwar S Nasal Drops29.0
NasoclearNasoclear Gel70.0
NozeclearNozeclear Nasal Drops12.0
N S (Baxter)N S Infusion25.0
SaltnaseSaltnase 750 Mg Tablet150.0
Sodium Chloride (Jan Aushadhi)Sodium Chloride Nasal Drops8.0
SolineSoline 6%W/V Ointment88.0
Tastee ZTastee Z 450 Mg Tablet16.0
Zoamet SZoamet S Nasal Drops38.0
Dex 10% (Skkl)Dex 10% Infusion22.0
D.N.S. DextsD.N.S. Dexts Solution29.0
Dns (Skkl)Dns 5%/0.45% Infusion18.0
ElecxirElecxir Ors Liquid25.0
NasowashNasowash Sachet12.0
Neo DnsNeo Dns Liquid495.0
Normal Saline (Nir)Normal Saline Infusion10.0
Normal Saline (Venus)Normal Saline Liquid22.0
N.S (Astra)N.S Solution16.0
Ns (Skkl)Ns 3% Infusion36.0
N.S (Venus )N.S Infusion10.0
OsmogelOsmogel 5% Eye Drop42.0
RofyRofy 25 Mg Tablet48.0
TromasolTromasol Infusion50.0
CatlonCatlon Drop62.0
SterofundinSterofundin Iso Infusion225.0
D.N.SD.N.S 5%/0.45% Infusion19.61
Dns (Baxter)Dns 5 G/0.45 G Infusion30.22
Dns (Parenteral Drug)Dns 5%W/V/0.9%W/V Infusion25.0
Dns (Denis)Dns Infusion45.0
GrelyteGrelyte Solution32.5
Sodium Chloride (Albert)Sodium Chloride Solution29.2
TnaTna Peri Infusion1837.5
Leclyte G PlLeclyte G Pl Solution44.48
N.S (Parenteral)N.S Infusion23.12
RallidexRallidex Infusion434.2
HyprosolHyprosol 0.490 W/V/2 W/V Prefilled Syringe110.0
HysolHysol Eye Drop45.0
Lignocad AdrLignocad Adr Injection12.5
Microspan NsMicrospan Ns 10 G/0.9 G Infusion407.59
Rallidex In NsRallidex In Ns 10 Gm/0.9 Gm Infusion434.2
Musing NasalMusing Nasal Drop35.0
SalinaSalina Nasal Drops26.93
Sinarest SSinarest S Nasal Drops36.32
Ringer Lactate (Claris)Ringer Lactaten Infusion48.5
GelaspanGelaspan Infusion495.0
IntasolIntasol Infusion240.0
Ringer Lactate Ip PolyRinger Lactate Ip Poly Infusion39.17
Rl (Skkl)Rl Infusion31.25
Vilco InfantVilco Infant 0.065%W/V/0.001%W/V/0.002%W/V Nasal Drops44.2
VoluvenVoluven 6 G/0.9 G Solution499.0
RenolenRenolen Eye Drop49.1

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