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What is Sodium Deficiency?

Sodium deficiency, also known as hyponatraemia, indicates reduced levels of sodium in the blood compared to the normal. It occurs when the sodium levels are lower than 135-145 milliequivalents/litre. Sodium is one of the major and essential electrolytes of the extracellular fluid and helps in the maintenance of the fluid-electrolyte balance.

What are the main signs and symptoms?

Symptoms become less evident when sodium deficiency is mild. As the severity of the condition increases, the following are noted

What are the main causes?

It is found that large amounts of water in the body decrease sodium levels. Low levels of sodium may be attributed to the loss of either sodium alone or with water from the body.

Some other reasons include

  • Inadequate functioning of the kidneys
  • Fluid build-up in the body
  • Use of medications that cause sodium loss
  • Depression or pain medications that increase urine output
  • Excessive vomiting and loose stools
  • Increased thirst

How is it diagnosed and treated?

Your physician may order certain tests to observe the levels of sodium in body fluids. Physical examination will be carried out as an initial assessment. Symptoms may be questioned to rule out other conditions. Body fluids, such as blood and urine, will be analysed for the levels of sodium. The tests given below may be performed

  • Serum sodium
  • Osmolality test
  • Sodium in urine
  • Urine osmolality

Usually, treatment is given as per the cause and severity of the condition. The main treatment approaches include

  • Intravenous fluids
  • Medicines for symptomatic relief
  • Reduction in water consumption

There are some drugs that increase sodium levels, but caution must be taken while using them. Other methods involve drinking electrolytes to correct sodium and salt levels. If there is kidney failure, dialysis may be beneficial to remove excess water.

Sodium deficiency may be corrected and is not a chronic condition, provided your vital organs are not compromised.


  1. Medicines for Sodium deficiency
  2. Doctors for Sodium deficiency
Dr. B.P Yadav

Dr. B.P Yadav

एंडोक्राइन ग्रंथियों और होर्मोनेस सम्बन्धी विज्ञान

Dr. Vineet Saboo

Dr. Vineet Saboo

एंडोक्राइन ग्रंथियों और होर्मोनेस सम्बन्धी विज्ञान



एंडोक्राइन ग्रंथियों और होर्मोनेस सम्बन्धी विज्ञान

Medicines for Sodium deficiency

Medicines listed below are available for Sodium deficiency. Please note that you should not take any medicines without doctor consultation. Taking any medicine without doctor's consultation can cause serious problems.

Medicine NamePack SizePrice (Rs.)
Dextrose With Normal SalineDextrose With Normal Saline 5% Infusion22.0
Dns (Venus)Dns Solution45.0
Dns Water (Albert)Dns Water 0.9% W/V Infusion29.0
HypersolHypersol 5% Eye Drop54.05
NasomistNasomist Nasal Drops31.0
NazoNazo Drop28.0
NazoneNazone Nasal Drops40.0
Normal Saline (Albert)Normal Saline 0.90% Infusion26.0
Normal Saline (Baxter)Normal Saline 0.9% W/V Infusion10.0
Normal Saline (Claris Life)Normal Saline 0.9% W/V Infusion10.0
D (Parentral)D 5% Infusion10.0
ExpavonExpavon 0.9% Infusion495.0
Haes SterilHaes Steril 3% Infusion292.0
HitsolHitsol Eye Drop55.0
IsolIsol 6% W/V Eye Drop40.0
Nacl 6Nacl 6 6%W/W Ointment92.0
Nasivion SNasivion S Nasal Drops30.0
NasiwarNasiwar Adult Nasal Drops57.0
Nasiwar SNasiwar S Nasal Drops29.0
NasoclearNasoclear Gel70.0
NozeclearNozeclear Nasal Drops12.0
N S (Baxter)N S Infusion25.0
SaltnaseSaltnase 750 Mg Tablet150.0
Sodium Chloride (Jan Aushadhi)Sodium Chloride Nasal Drops8.0
SolineSoline 6%W/V Ointment88.0
Tastee ZTastee Z 450 Mg Tablet16.0
Zoamet SZoamet S Nasal Drops38.0
Dex 10% (Skkl)Dex 10% Infusion22.0
D.N.S. DextsD.N.S. Dexts Solution29.0
Dns (Skkl)Dns 5%/0.45% Infusion18.0
ElecxirElecxir Ors Liquid25.0
NasowashNasowash Sachet12.0
Neo DnsNeo Dns Liquid495.0
Normal Saline (Nir)Normal Saline Infusion10.0
Normal Saline (Venus)Normal Saline Liquid22.0
N.S (Astra)N.S Solution16.0
Ns (Skkl)Ns 3% Infusion36.0
N.S (Venus )N.S Infusion10.0
OsmogelOsmogel 5% Eye Drop42.0
RofyRofy 25 Mg Tablet48.0
TromasolTromasol Infusion50.0
CatlonCatlon Drop62.0
SterofundinSterofundin Iso Infusion225.0
D.N.SD.N.S 5%/0.45% Infusion19.61
Dns (Baxter)Dns 5 G/0.45 G Infusion30.22
Dns (Parenteral Drug)Dns 5%W/V/0.9%W/V Infusion25.0
Dns (Denis)Dns Infusion45.0
GrelyteGrelyte Solution32.5
Sodium Chloride (Albert)Sodium Chloride Solution29.2
TnaTna Peri Infusion1837.5
Leclyte G PlLeclyte G Pl Solution44.48
N.S (Parenteral)N.S Infusion23.12
RallidexRallidex Infusion434.2
HyprosolHyprosol 0.490 W/V/2 W/V Prefilled Syringe110.0
HysolHysol Eye Drop45.0
Lignocad AdrLignocad Adr Injection12.5
Microspan NsMicrospan Ns 10 G/0.9 G Infusion407.59
Rallidex In NsRallidex In Ns 10 Gm/0.9 Gm Infusion434.2
Musing NasalMusing Nasal Drop35.0
SalinaSalina Nasal Drops26.93
Sinarest SSinarest S Nasal Drops36.32
Ringer Lactate (Claris)Ringer Lactaten Infusion48.5
GelaspanGelaspan Infusion495.0
IntasolIntasol Infusion240.0
Ringer Lactate Ip PolyRinger Lactate Ip Poly Infusion39.17
Rl (Skkl)Rl Infusion31.25
Vilco InfantVilco Infant 0.065%W/V/0.001%W/V/0.002%W/V Nasal Drops44.2
VoluvenVoluven 6 G/0.9 G Solution499.0
RenolenRenolen Eye Drop49.1

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