Biological rhythm is the natural cycle of changes in chemicals or functions present in our body. It's like an internal clock that coordinates other clocks in our body. The "clock" is located in the brain, just above the nerves that allow us to see. It is made up of thousands of nerve cells that help coordinate the functions and activities of our body. Overall, so that our body can do the right work at the right time, there is a clock running in our body which automatically sends us instructions to do the right work all the time. If it goes back and forth then the balance of the body gets disturbed and the body Can't work properly. The clock in our body also has different biological rhythms. Let us understand-

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Our body clock has four biological rhythms:
Circadian Rhythm: It Controls The Work We Do In 24 Hours. Physiological And Behavioral Rhythms Such As Sleep
Diurnal Rhythm: It Is Synchronized With Day And Night With The Circadian Rhythm
Ultradian Rhythm: These Are The Rhythms That Send Instructions To Our Body For Sudden Actions And Have A Shorter Duration And Higher Frequency Than The Circadian Rhythm.
Infradian Rhythm: Biological Rhythm That Lasts More Than 24 Hours, Such As The Menstrual Cycle

The circadian clock plays a physiological, mental, and behavioral role in responding to light and darkness. This clock helps regulate the following functions including:

Sometimes external factors can affect the biological rhythm. For example, exposure to sunlight, medications, and caffeine can cause trouble sleeping.

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  1. Types Of Circadian Rhythm Disorders
  2. Effects Of Biological Rhythm Disorders
  3. Side Effects Of Biological Rhythm Disorders
  4. Diagnosis Of Circadian Rhythm Disorders
  5. Treatment For Circadian Rhythm Disorders
  6. Home Remedies To Get Relief From Biological Rhythm Disorders
  7. Summary

When natural biological rhythms are disturbed, many different types of problems arise in the body. These disorders include:

  • Sleep Disorders: The body is designed to sleep at night. Disruption of the body's natural rhythms can affect sleep, including insomnia.
  • Jet Lag: Circadian rhythms are disrupted when traveling overnight.
  • Mood Disorders: Lack of exposure to sunlight can lead to conditions like depression and seasonal affective disorder (SAD).
  • Shift Work Disorder: When a person works outside the normal work day it causes changes in the normal circadian rhythm.

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Biological rhythm disorders can affect a person's health and feelings of well-being. Some effects include:

  • Worry
  • Daytime Sleepiness And Drowsiness
  • Depression
  • Low Performance At Work
  • To Have An Accident
  • Lack Of Mental Alertness
  • Diabetes And Obesity

From a brain and body perspective, our bodies are designed to sleep at night. This is why we do not have the sense of sight like animals without light and the sense of smell and hearing like nocturnal animals.

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About 15 percent of workers in the United States work shifts. Night shift workers get less than six hours of sleep at night. People who work in shifts, or generally work outside from 9 am to 5 pm. Employees who do not get enough sleep due to their work or shifts may have more problems related to biological rhythms. As -

  • Health Care Workers
  • Drivers, Pilots And Others Who Provide Transportation
  • Food Preparers And Servers
  • Police Officer
  • Fire Officer

The NSF survey found that 63 percent of workers feel their work provides them with enough sleep. The same survey also found that 25 to 30 percent of shift workers suffer from excessive sleep or insomnia. Other groups of people at risk for circadian rhythm disorders include people who frequently travel across time zones or live in places like Alaska where there is very little daylight.

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Testing for biological rhythm disorders is usually done carefully, for which the doctor may ask you the following questions:

  • When did you first notice your symptoms?
  • Are there activities that make your symptoms worse or better?
  • How do your symptoms affect you?
  • What medicines are you taking?

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Treatments for circadian rhythm disorders vary and depend on the underlying cause. For example, jet lag symptoms are usually temporary and do not require medical treatment. In cases of shift work disorder or mood disorders, lifestyle changes may help. More serious symptoms, such as fatigue, decreased mental acuity, or depression, should be discussed with your doctor. For people with seasonal affective disorder (SAD), a light box may help. These light boxes mimic daylight and can trigger the release of feel-good chemicals. When lifestyle changes, treatment and good sleep do not help, doctors prescribe medicine. Modafinil (Provigil) is for people who have difficulty staying awake during the day. Your doctor may also prescribe sleep medications as an alternative. But sleep medications should only be taken on a short-term basis.

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You can recognize biological rhythm disorders by not being able to sleep or feeling low on energy. Examples of measures you can take at home to deal with changes in biological rhythms include:

  • Avoid Substances That Affect Sleep Right Before Bed. These May Include Caffeine, Alcohol And Nicotine
  • Drink Very Cold Beverages Such As Iced Tea Or Water
  • Get Regular Sleep
  • Take A Brisk Walk Outside During Daylight
  • Take A 10 To 15 Minute Power Nap
  • Turn On More Lights Inside Your Home During The Day. Conversely, Dimming Or Turning Off Lights At Night Will Help You Sleep Better

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It takes about three to four nights for the body to adjust. It's important to remember that the purpose of your biological rhythm is to protect your health. When your biological rhythms are in sync, you will get the most benefit in your daily life.

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