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What is Acute Kidney Failure?

The primary function of the kidneys is to remove waste products from the blood so that they can be eliminated from the body via urine. When kidneys fail to perform their function properly and shut down completely leading to extremely poor urine production, it is termed acute renal (kidney) failure.

What are its main signs and symptoms?

The common signs and symptoms of acute kidney failure include:

  • Decreased urine output and fluid retention in the body. This presents as swelling in the hands and feet, or even the face.
  • Breathlessness, nausea, and vomiting are also common.
  • Decreased appetite, mental confusion, and weakness are other symptoms that a person may show.
  • The person may also have a high blood pressure, reduced sensation in the hands, and delayed wound healing.

What are the main causes?

The main causes of the condition are as follows:

  • Acute kidney failure can occur if there is a decreased blood supply to the kidneys leading to kidney damage.
  • Blockage in the ureters prevents smooth passage of urine from the kidneys to the urinary bladder. Over time, urine can accumulate in one or both the kidneys making them swollen (hydronephrosis). This can also cause renal failure.
  • Any injury to the kidneys due to chemicals or heavy metals or autoimmune conditions like glomerulonephritis where the body’s immune system attacks the kidney tissues can also cause kidney failure.
  • Some factors that increase the risk of developing acute kidney failure include:

How is it diagnosed and treated?

The diagnosis of acute kidney failure involves the following investigations:

  • The physician examines for swelling and other symptoms on different parts of the body.
  • Blood and urine investigations are performed to assess the level of urea, potassium, and sodium. Estimating creatine levels is also crucial.
  • If you show signs of kidney failure, your physician will also order investigations to check the Glomerular Filtration Rate (GFR). This is the rate at which blood is filtered from your kidneys and reduces dramatically in kidney failure.
  • Other tests include a kidney ultrasound, MRI, CT scan, and abdominal X-ray.

Treatment of acute kidney failure:

  • The treatment of kidney failure focuses on treating the underlying cause and improving the overall health of the kidneys.
  • Primarily, the doctor will recommend a change in diet to reduce the fluid, salt, and protein intake.
  • Diuretics are medicines that prevent fluid retention in the body. Calcium supplements help to keep the blood potassium levels in check.
  • Dialysis is a procedure in which blood is filtered via a machine. Depending on the severity of the condition, dialysis may be needed several times a week.
  1. Medicines for Acute Kidney Failure
  2. Doctors for Acute Kidney Failure
Dr. Nikhil Pathak

Dr. Nikhil Pathak

गुर्दे की कार्यवाही और रोगों का विज्ञान

Dr. Mukesh Gothi

Dr. Mukesh Gothi

गुर्दे की कार्यवाही और रोगों का विज्ञान

Dr. Subodh Thote

Dr. Subodh Thote

गुर्दे की कार्यवाही और रोगों का विज्ञान

Medicines for Acute Kidney Failure

Medicines listed below are available for Acute Kidney Failure. Please note that you should not take any medicines without doctor consultation. Taking any medicine without doctor's consultation can cause serious problems.

Medicine NamePack SizePrice (Rs.)
DyamideDyamide 10 Mg Tablet21.0
DyloopDyloop 10 Mg Tablet29.0
DytorDytor 10 Mg Injection140.0
ExcretorExcretor 10 Mg Tablet21.0
HenletorHenletor 10 Mg Tablet26.0
LhdLhd 10 Mg Tablet31.0
MeltorMeltor 10 Mg Tablet35.0
RetorlixRetorlix 10 Mg Tablet37.0
TideTide 100 Mg Tablet255.0
TorTor 10 Mg Tablet44.0
ToresaToresa 10 Mg Tablet38.0
TorgetTorget 10 Mg Tablet40.0
TorkidTorkid 10 Mg Tablet35.0
TormidTormid 10 Mg Tablet35.0
TormisTormis 10 Tablet50.0
TorsedTorsed 100 Mg Tablet150.0
TorsemiTorsemi 10 Mg Tablet22.0
TorsidTorsid 10 Mg Tablet31.0
TorsinexTorsinex 10 Mg Injection17.0
TorvelTorvel 10 Mg Tablet22.0
TorvigressTorvigress 100 Mg Tablet150.0
ZatorZator 10 Mg Tablet33.0
DiuratorDiurator 10 Mg Tablet187.0
RetrolixRetrolix 20 Mg Tablet64.0
TomarisTomaris 5 Mg Tablet20.0
TorsikindTorsikind 10 Mg Tablet18.0
TosecTosec 10 Mg Tablet19.0
GemitaGemita 1000 Mg/62.5 Mg Injection6131.0
FrusenexFrusenex 100 Mg Tablet5.2
Furoped SyrupFuroped 10 Mg Syrup107.0
LasixLasix 10 Mg Injection2.32
Manitol (Claris)Manitol Infusion35.0
Mannitol Ip (Baxter)Mannitol Ip Infusion72.5
ManogylManogyl 10% Infusion171.09
Alkem ManitolAlkem Manitol Infusion28.25
ManilupManilup Infusion29.76
Mannitol 20% InfusionMannitol 20% Infusion177.54
Mannitol (Albert)Mannitol Infusion92.92
OlmanOlman Infusion95.18
AldolocAldoloc 20 Mg/50 Mg Tablet47.02
AldostixAldostix 20 Mg/50 Mg Tablet22.75
FruselacFruselac 20 Mg/50 Mg Tablet29.5
FrusisFrusis 20 Mg/50 Mg Tablet36.0
Lactomide (S.V. Biovac)Lactomide Tablet10.07
LasilactoneLasilactone Tablet33.32
Urecton PlusUrecton Plus 20 Mg/50 Mg Tablet26.49
Amifru SAmifru S 20 Mg/50 Mg Tablet27.0
AquamideAquamide 20 Mg/50 Mg Tablet26.82
LactomideLactomide 20 Mg/50 Mg Tablet24.76
MinilactoneMinilactone Tablet25.1
SpiromideSpiromide Tablet46.2
Diucontin KDiucontin K 20 Mg/250 Mg Tablet32.5
Dyamide PlusDyamide Plus 50 Mg/10 Mg Tablet50.0
Dyloop PlusDyloop Plus 50 Mg/10 Mg Tablet30.4
Dytor PlusDytor Plus 10 Tablet55.5
Excretor PlusExcretor Plus 50 Mg/10 Mg Tablet45.1
Tide PlusTide Plus 10 Mg Tablet24.0
Torsinex PlusTorsinex Plus Tablet20.3
Zator PlusZator Plus 50 Mg/10 Mg Tablet29.0
Tores PlusTores Plus Tablet38.75
Torget PlusTorget Plus 10 Mg Tablet64.8
TorlactoneTorlactone 10 Mg Tablet28.8
Torlactone LsTorlactone Ls Tablet18.6
Exenta TExenta T 10 Tablet190.0
Eptus TEptus T 25 Mg/20 Mg Tablet220.0
Planep TPlanep T 25 Mg/10 Mg Tablet190.0
FrumideFrumide 40 Mg/5 Mg Tablet5.6
FrumilFrumil 40 Mg/5 Mg Tablet6.7
AmifruAmifru 40 Mg/5 Mg Tablet6.5
Exna KExna K 40 Mg/5 Mg Tablet14.5
ZemisolZemisol Infusion100.0
KratolKratol Infusion120.0
NeurogylNeurogyl Infusion156.29
Neurotol (Venus)Neurotol Infusion237.15

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