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What is bronchitis?

Bronchitis is a common lung condition wherein the lining of the bronchial tubes is inflamed. These tubes carry air into and out of the lungs, and their inflammation leads to difficulty in breathing due to narrowing of the airways. Cough in bronchitis is typically associated with the production of thick mucus. Bronchitis may either be acute or chronic.

What are its main signs and symptoms?

Symptoms of bronchitis differ based on the stage of the condition. While certain symptoms remain common to acute and chronic bronchitis, some specific symptoms can be noted in the chronic stage.

Generalised symptoms:

  • Chest tightness and shortness of breath
  • Mild fever and chills
  • Cough with mucus which may be clear, greenish or pale yellow, and may sometimes have streaks of blood

Acute bronchitis:

Most symptoms usually improve within a week, although the cough may last longer

Chronic bronchitis:

  • Recurring bouts of cough
  • Cough may be mild or may worsen
  • Lasts for at least three months

What are the main causes of bronchitis?

Common viruses that cause cold and flu, like influenza virus, are responsible for bronchitis as well. However, chronic bronchitis can be the result of gastric reflux, exposure to lung irritants and chemicals at home or at the workplace, lowered immunity or cigarette smoking.

How is it diagnosed and treated?

Bronchitis may be difficult to differentiate from a common cold, especially in the initial stages. Doctors usually use the following tests to diagnose the condition:

  • Testing of sputum for allergies or signs of other ailments
  • Chest X-ray to rule out pneumonia or other problems that may explain the cough, especially in smokers
  • Pulmonary function tests to assess the lung capacity and look for signs of emphysema and asthma

Since most cases of acute bronchitis are caused by viruses, antibiotics are not prescribed. Most often, the disease resolves on its own in a couple of days. However, doctors may prescribe cough syrups to help ensure sound sleep and medications to reduce inflammation and widen the narrowed airways. Medications may also be given in case of asthma or other lung diseases. Breathing exercises, oxygen therapy, quitting smoking, increased intake of fluids, and steam inhalation are other important measures that can help relieve symptoms Precautions taken include:

  • Wearing a mask when outdoors
  • Using a humidifier indoors
  • Staying away from pollutants and irritants
  • Taking the flu vaccine to prevent recurrence
  1. Medicines for Bronchitis
  2. Doctors for Bronchitis
Dr. Sandeep Mittal

Dr. Sandeep Mittal

श्वास रोग विज्ञान

Dr. Subhajit Mondal

Dr. Subhajit Mondal

श्वास रोग विज्ञान

Dr Arjun Negi

Dr Arjun Negi

श्वास रोग विज्ञान

Medicines for Bronchitis

Medicines listed below are available for Bronchitis. Please note that you should not take any medicines without doctor consultation. Taking any medicine without doctor's consultation can cause serious problems.

Medicine NamePack SizePrice (Rs.)
Blumox CaBLUMOX CA 1.2GM INJECTION 20ML103
BactoclavBACTOCLAV 1.2MG INJECTION99
Mega CvMEGA CV 1.2GM INJECTION98
Erox CvEROX CV DRY SYRUP84
MoxclavMoxclav 1.2 Gm Injection95
NovamoxNOVAMOX 500MG CAPSULE 10S0
Moxikind CvMoxikind Cv 1000 Mg/200 Mg Injection92
PulmoxylPulmoxyl 250 Mg Tablet Dt50
ClavamClavam 1000 Mg/62.5 Mg Tablet XR352
AdventAdvent 200 Mg/28.5 Mg Dry Syrup47
AugmentinAUGMENTIN 1.2GM INJECTION 1S105
ClampCLAMP 30ML SYRUP45
MoxMox 250 mg Capsule27
Zemox ClZemox Cl 1000 Mg/200 Mg Injection135
P Mox KidP Mox Kid 125 Mg/125 Mg Tablet12
AceclaveAceclave 250 Mg/125 Mg Tablet85
Amox ClAmox Cl 200 Mg/28.5 Mg Syrup39
ZoclavZoclav 500 Mg/125 Mg Tablet159
PolymoxPolymox 250 Mg/250 Mg Capsule34
AcmoxAcmox 125 Mg Dry Syrup28
StaphymoxStaphymox 250 Mg/250 Mg Tablet24
Acmox DsAcmox Ds 250 Mg Tablet31
AmoxyclavAMOXYCLAV 228.5MG DRY SYRUP 30ML0
Zoxil CvZoxil Cv 1000 Mg/200 Mg Injection151
Staphymox KidStaphymox Kid 125 Mg/125 Mg Tablet16

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References

  1. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute [Internet]: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services; Bronchitis
  2. Center for Disease Control and Prevention [internet], Atlanta (GA): US Department of Health and Human Services; Bronchitis
  3. American lung association. Learn About Acute Bronchitis. Chicago, Illinois, United States
  4. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia: US National Library of Medicine; Acute Bronchitis
  5. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia: US National Library of Medicine; Chronic Bronchitis
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