myUpchar प्लस+ के साथ पूरेे परिवार के हेल्थ खर्च पर भारी बचत

What is emphysema?

Emphysema is a type of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) involving damage to the lung tissue. Emphysema leads to breathing difficulties and can prevent an individual from engaging comfortably in various daily activities and sports. It may be accompanied by other respiratory conditions like chronic bronchitis and persistent cough. In emphysema, the alveoli (air sacs) present in the lungs get damaged.

What are its main signs and symptoms?

The main symptoms of emphysema include:

  • Shortness of breath
  • Breathlessness
  • Persistent cough
  • Tiredness
  • Changes in the chest shape (elevation of the chest)
  • Appearance of a blue tinge on the skin due to lack of oxygen

What are the main causes?

Emphysema is caused by:

  • Prolonged exposure to airborne irritants
  • Smoking
  • Exposure to severe air pollution
  • In rare cases, emphysema may be genetic.

Cigarette smoking is considered the greatest risk factor for emphysema. Exposure to passive smoke could also increase one’s risk. Emphysema may be an occupational hazard for individuals working in the mining industry.

How is it diagnosed and treated?

The diagnosis of emphysema involves lung function tests. These tests may help in determining the breathing rate and amount of oxygen the person is about to inhale. Other diagnostic tests include X-rays and CT scans.

The cure for emphysema is not yet available and this disease can only be managed symptomatically.

The doctor may provide anti-inflammatory medications to reduce the inflammation in the lungs.

Antibiotics may be given in case of chest infection.

Oxygen treatment may also be needed in severe cases.

There are preventive measures, which can be taken in order to prevent the disease from aggravating and becoming more severe. These include:

  • Stop smoking
  • Avoiding exposure to air pollutants
  • Use of breathing masks
  • Do regular exercise
  • Get vaccinations to obtain protection against chest infections
  1. Medicines for Emphysema
  2. Doctors for Emphysema
Dr. Sandeep Mittal

Dr. Sandeep Mittal

श्वास रोग विज्ञान

Dr. Subhajit Mondal

Dr. Subhajit Mondal

श्वास रोग विज्ञान

Dr Arjun Negi

Dr Arjun Negi

श्वास रोग विज्ञान

Medicines for Emphysema

Medicines listed below are available for Emphysema. Please note that you should not take any medicines without doctor consultation. Taking any medicine without doctor's consultation can cause serious problems.

Medicine NamePack SizePrice (Rs.)
FormonideFORMONIDE 1MG RESPULES 2.5ML0
BudamateBUDAMATE FORTE TRANSCAP 30Nos233
ForacortFORACORT 0.5MG/2ML RESPULES40
LevolinLEVOLIN 0.31MG RESPULES 2.5ML 10S3
AerocortAEROCORT CFC FREE 200MD INHALER164
Ascoril LsASCORIL LS JUNIOR 60ML SYRUP55
DuolinDUOLIN FORTE 200MD INHALER236
Airtec FbAIRTEC FB 200MG CAPSULE 30Nos126
BudetrolBUDETROL 100MG CAPSULE 30Nos94
Combihale FbCOMBIHALE FB 100 REDICAPS 30S72
SymbicortSYMBICORT 160 120MDI TURBUHALER0
Vent EcVent Ec Capsule13
Vent FbVENT FB 100MG EASE CAPSULE 30S0
Budamate ForteBudamate Forte 12 Mcg/400 Mcg Transcaps233
Budetrol ForteBudetrol Forte 12 Mcg/400 Mcg Capsule202
Ebmont Fx3Ebmont Fx3 Tablet144
Digihaler FbDigihaler Fb 6 Mcg/200 Mcg Inhaler284
Spiromont FaSpiromont Fa Tablet160
Fomtide NfFomtide Nf 12 Mcg/100 Mcg Inhaler175
FomtideFOMTIDE 200 OCTACAPS CAPSULE 30S148
Peakhale FbPEAKHALE FB 100MG DPI CAPSULE 30S0
Quikhale FbQUIKHALE FB 100MG ROTACAP 30S0
SymbivaSymbiva 100 Mcg Capsule146

Do you or anyone in your family have this disease? Please do a survey and help others

References

  1. American Lung Association. Emphysema. [Internet]
  2. Better health channel. Department of Health and Human Services [internet]. State government of Victoria; Emphysema
  3. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia: US National Library of Medicine; Emphysema
  4. National Health Portal [Internet] India; Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
  5. Center for Disease Control and Prevention [internet], Atlanta (GA): US Department of Health and Human Services; Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)
और पढ़ें ...