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What is cervical cancer?

Cervical cancer is an abnormal growth of body cells in the cervix, the lowermost part of the uterus or womb. Most cancers are of the squamous cell type, while adenocarcinoma is the next most common type. Cervical cancer is the fourth most common cancer in women globally. In India, it constitutes 6-29% of cancers occurring in females.

What are its main signs and symptoms?

One may not notice the symptoms of cervical cancer in the early stages. As cervical cancer advances, symptoms become evident. Symptoms are:

What are its main causes?

Most cases of cervical cancer are due to human papillomavirus (HPV) infection which can be passed on from one person to another via vaginal, oral or anal sex. Some other factors that increase the chances of cancer are:

  • Cigarette smoking
  • Reduced immunity
  • Use of birth control pills for more than 5 years
  • Bearing more than 3 children

How is it diagnosed and treated?

There are no early signs or symptoms; however, regular check-ups can help detect cervical cancer. Screening is advised at least once for every woman between 30 and 49 years of age. Diagnostic methods include:

  • Physical examination and medical history: General history of the patient and examination.
  • Pelvic examination: To examine the vagina and uterus for signs of an infection or disease.
  • Pap test: Collecting cells from the cervix to detect any disease, infection or chances of cancer.

HPV test: HPV testing, microscopic examination of cells and visual inspection with acetic acid.

  • Endocervical curettage: To detect signs of cancer in the endocervical canal.
  • Colposcopy: To check for abnormal areas in the vagina and cervix.
  • Biopsy: Cervical tissue taken to look for signs of cancer.

Treatment methods include:

Monotherapy or combination therapy of drugs may be given by the doctor depending on the severity of the cancer.

Standard therapies include:

  • Surgery:
  1. Conisation: A conical tissue of the cervix is taken out.
  2. Total hysterectomy: Involves surgical removal of the entire uterus including the cervix.
  • Radiation therapy: Uses high-energy rays to kill cancerous cells.
  • Chemotherapy: Drugs are used to stop or kill cancer cells.
  • Targeted therapy: Use of monoclonal antibodies that identify and target cancer cells.

HPV vaccination (recombinant vaccines) is recommended for girls in the age group of 9-26 years, as these vaccines are licensed, safe and effective. As the cancer takes several years to develop, it can be prevented.

Self-care tips include:

  • Self-examination by use of a mirror and flashlight to observe the natural changes that take place in the cervix.
  • Use of non-drug contraceptive methods like condoms to lower your risk of cervical cancer.
  • Avoid sexual contact with more than one partner to prevent HPV infection.
  • Maintain hygienic conditions to avoid any co-infection.
  • Follow-ups should be done regularly to check the status of the disease. Follow-ups are done every 3-4 months for the initial 2 years after diagnosis.

Cervical cancers must not be considered a social stigma, and one needs to feel comfortable enough to consult with a gynaecologist for screening and early detection of cancer. With a positive approach and regular check-ups, cervical cancer can be prevented.

  1. Medicines for Cervical Cancer
  2. Doctors for Cervical Cancer
Dr. Arabinda Roy

Dr. Arabinda Roy

ऑन्कोलॉजी

Dr. C. Arun Hensley

Dr. C. Arun Hensley

ऑन्कोलॉजी

Dr. Sanket Shah

Dr. Sanket Shah

ऑन्कोलॉजी

Medicines for Cervical Cancer

Medicines listed below are available for Cervical Cancer. Please note that you should not take any medicines without doctor consultation. Taking any medicine without doctor's consultation can cause serious problems.

Medicine NamePack SizePrice (Rs.)
CelplatCelplat 10 Mg Injection94.0
CisplatCisplat 10 Mg Injection94.0
CisteenCisteen 10 Mg Injection81.0
CizcanCizcan 10 Mg Injection77.0
CytoplatinCytoplatin 10 Mg Injection93.0
KemoplatKemoplat 10 Mg Injection84.0
PlatikemPlatikem 10 Mg Injection187.0
Platikem NovoPlatikem Novo 100 Mg Injection886.0
Platin (Cadila)Platin 10 Mg Injection78.0
PlatinexPlatinex 10 Mg Injection64.0
CisglanCisglan 50 Mg Infusion452.0
Oncoplatin AqOncoplatin Aq 10 Mg Injection87.0
PlatifirstPlatifirst 10 Mg Injection107.0
PlatiparPlatipar 10 Mg Injection150.0
SlatinSlatin 50 Mg Infusion315.0
UniplatinUniplatin 10 Mg Injection106.0
BiocarbBiocarb 150 Mg Injection807.35
Carbokem NovoCarbokem Novo 150 Mg Injection806.95
CarbopaCarbopa 150 Mg Injection1065.75
CarboteenCarboteen 150 Mg Injection1362.28
CelcarbCelcarb 150 Mg Injection714.28
CytocarbCytocarb 150 Mg Injection889.26
KarplatKarplat 150 Mg Injection714.28
KemocarbKemocarb 450 Mg Injection2111.0
ParaplatinParaplatin 150 Mg Injection2411.19
WomaplatWomaplat 150 Mg Injection773.81
CarbotinalCarbotinal 150 Mg Injection1523.81
CarmutaCarmuta 150 Mg Injection828.45
CarplatCarplat 450 Mg Injection2600.0
Oncocarbin AqOncocarbin Aq 150 Mg Injection858.0
WomastinWomastin 150 Mg Injection1175.0
CamptoCampto 100 Mg Injection20238.1
ColotecanColotecan 20 Mg Injection1355.31
ImtusImtus 100 Mg Injection2687.5
IntensicIntensic 100 Mg Injection687.5
IricipIricip 100 Mg Injection1401.09
IrinotelIrinotel 100 Mg Injection3205.0
IrinotrazIrinotraz 100 Mg Injection4081.63
IrnocamIrnocam 100 Mg Injection3704.31
IrnocelIrnocel 100 Mg Injection4095.0
RinotecRinotec 100 Mg Injection3562.5
ErticanErtican 40 Mg Injection81.11
CelofosCelofos 1000 Mg Injection414.28
HoloxanHoloxan 1 Gm Injection500.35
IfoparIfopar 1000 Mg Injection470.0
IpamideIpamide 2 Gm Injection687.35
IsoxanIsoxan 1 Gm Injection425.0
Soloxan With MesnaSoloxan With Mesna 2 Gm Injection678.98
BleocelBleocel 15 Iu Injection364.28
BleochemBleochem 15 Iu Injection687.74
BleocinBleocin 15 Mg Injection595.23
BleocipBleocip 15 Iu Injection694.33
Bleomycin 15 Mg InjectionBleomycin 15 Mg Injection600.67
Bleomycin SulphateBleomycin Sulphate Injection654.76
BlominBlomin 15 Iu Injection850.0
OncobleoOncobleo 15 Iu Injection1039.28
HycamtinHycamtin 1 Mg Tablet7500.0
TopocanTopocan 2.5 Mg Injection5000.0
TopotecTopotec 2.5 Mg Injection5125.0
CantopCantop 2.5 Mg Injection4430.15
Avastin (Psycormedies)Avastin Injection37373.8
Avastin (Roche)Avastin 100 Mg Injection29423.0
IfomidmIfomid M 2 G Injection (1+3)775.0
Ipamide With MesnaIpamide With Mesna Injection408.1
Ifex MIfex M Injection359.25
Ifoxan + MesnaIfoxan + Mesna 200 Mg/1000 Mg Injection570.75

Do you or anyone in your family have this disease? Please do a survey and help others

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