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What is deep vein thrombosis (DVT)?

Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is a condition wherein blood clots form in one of the deep veins, typically in the legs. It can affect anyone, typically above 60 years. The incidence rate in India is around 8%-20%.

What are its main signs and symptoms?

The main symptom is swelling of the leg. Very rarely, swelling of both legs is seen.

Other symptoms include:

  • Pain in the leg
  • Reddish discolouration on the leg
  • Feeling of warmth in the leg

If these symptoms are overlooked, the blood clot can dislodge, travel through the bloodstream to the lungs and block the blood flow, leading to pulmonary embolism.

Symptoms of pulmonary embolism include:

What are its main causes?

Anything that impedes blood flow can result in DVT. The main causes are as follows:

Risk factors that can increase the chances of having DVT:

How is it diagnosed and treated?

The diagnosis mainly relies on the medical history of the patient and physical examination of the affected limb. Medication history is also obtained. Other diagnostic steps include:

  • D-dimer test
  • Ultrasound
  • Venography
  • CT or MRI scans
  • Pulmonary angiography

Tests that can detect the underlying cause for DVT:

  • Blood test
  • Chest X-ray
  • ECG

Treatment goals for DVT include relief from pain and inflammation. Medications, especially blood- thinning agents, are preferred.

Preventive steps:

  • If you have been on bed rest, move around as soon as possible. The sooner you do, the lesser the chances of DVT.
  • Exercise the leg muscles to prevent stiffness from sitting for long periods of time.
  • Use compression stockings to prevent clot formation.
  • Choose loose-fitting clothes to avoid restriction to movement and blood circulation.
  • Lead an active lifestyle.
  • Keep a close watch for any bleeding episodes when on blood-thinning medicines.
  1. Medicines for Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT)

Medicines for Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT)

Medicines listed below are available for Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT). Please note that you should not take any medicines without doctor consultation. Taking any medicine without doctor's consultation can cause serious problems.

Medicine NamePack SizePrice (Rs.)
LomoparinLomoparin 3500 Iu Injection185.0
SofarinSofarin 5 Mg Tablet20.0
UniwarfinUniwarfin 1 Mg Tablet25.0
WarfWarf 1 Mg Tablet23.0
IxarolaIxarola 15 Mg Tablet4060.0
XareltoXarelto 10 Mg Tablet1015.0
ClexaneClexane 20 Mg Injection358.0
CutenoxCutenox 20 Mg Injection201.0
EnclexEnclex 40 Mg Prefilled Syringe440.0
ExhepExhep 20 Mg Injection285.0
LmwxLmwx 20 Mg Injection295.0
LomohLomoh 20 Mg Injection479.0
LonopinLonopin 20 Mg Injection341.0
LupenoxLupenox 20 Mg Prefilled Syringe262.0
Troynoxa(Aura)Troynoxa 40 Mg Injection508.0
WomenoxWomenox 40 Mg Injection278.0
DynalixDynalix 40 Mg Prefilled Syringe490.0
EnoxarinEnoxarin 20 Mg Injection309.0
EnoxatroyEnoxatroy 20 Mg Injection281.0
EnoxelEnoxel 40 Mg Prefilled Syringe491.0
EnoxionEnoxion 20 Mg Injection325.0
EnoxsaveEnoxsave 20 Mg Injection214.0
FacilocFaciloc 20 Mg Injection179.0
FidenoxFidenox 40 Mg Injection547.0
FlothinFlothin 20 Mg Injection204.0
GrefacGrefac 20 Mg Prefilled Syringe199.0
Lomorin NxLomorin Nx 20 Mg Prefilled Syringe239.0
LoparinLoparin 20 Mg Prefilled Syringe230.0
MaxiparineMaxiparine 40 Mg Injection395.0
MegaparinMegaparin 40 Mg Injection445.0
NoxaparinNoxaparin 40 Mg Injection385.0
OxprinOxprin 40 Mg Injection509.0
RenoxaRenoxa 40 Mg Injection336.0
StenerStener 40 Mg Injection395.0
ThrombifloThrombiflo 40 Mg Injection446.0
ThrombostatThrombostat 30 Mg Injection47.0
AngionoxAngionox 40 Mg Injection431.0
AntixaAntixa 300 Mg Injection2610.0
CorparinCorparin 40 Mg Injection490.0
EnoxacareEnoxacare 40 Mg Injection433.0
LifenoxLifenox 400 Mg Injection483.0
LowcapLowcap 40 Mg Injection206.0
MacparinMacparin 40 Mg Injection409.0
MarkparinMarkparin 40 Mg Injection321.0
NoxprinNoxprin 40 Mg Injection385.0
SurparinSurparin 40 Mg Injection399.0
ThromboThrombo 5000 Iu Gel31.0
ZeroklotZeroklot 40 Mg Injection206.0
AcenomacAcenomac 1 Mg Tablet45.0
AcethrombAcethromb 1 Mg Tablet31.0
AcitromAcitrom 0.5 Mg Tablet39.0
NicozNicoz 1 Mg Tablet28.0
PradaxaPradaxa 110 Mg Capsule4308.0
EliquisEliquis 2.5 Mg Tablet725.0
BeparineBeparine 25000 Iu Injection226.71
CaprinCaprin 25000 Iu Injection233.0
CathflushCathflush 10 Iu Injection11.0
CelparinCelparin 25000 Iu Injection296.15
HeplockHeplock 10 Iu Injection30.25
LofhLofh 25000 Iu Injection237.3
NeporinNeporin 25000 Iu Injection213.2
NuparinNuparin 25000 Iu Injection211.0
ThinlaThinla 25000 Iu Injection210.87
TroyhepTroyhep 25000 Iu Injection227.55
HeparenHeparen 5000 Iu Injection31.5
HeparinHeparin 25000 Iu Injection187.0
KeparinKeparin 25000 Iu Injection45.0
PrevaclotPrevaclot 1000 Iu Injection23.47
DalpinDalpin 2500 Iu Injection230.0
DaltehepDaltehep 10000 Iu Injection4400.0
DaltepinDaltepin 10000 Iu Injection517.66
FragminFragmin 10000 Iu Injection5486.8
BiokinaseBiokinase 1500000 Iu Injection3400.0
GlaniknaseGlaniknase Injection2136.06
IcikinaseIcikinase 1.5 Miu Injection2357.91
LupifloLupiflo 1500000 Iu Injection2135.5
MyokinaseMyokinase 1500000 Iu Injection2034.0
RthromboRthrombo 15 Lac Injection2135.0
StpaseStpase 1500000 Iu Injection2270.72
StreptaseStreptase 1500000 Iu Injection3120.0
StukinaseStukinase Injection1547.62
ThrombofluxThromboflux 1500000 Iu Injection2049.66
EcokinaseEcokinase Injection2351.43
EskinaseEskinase 1.5 Miu Injection3400.0
FibrokinaseFibrokinase 1500000 Iu Injection2586.48
HaemokinaseHaemokinase 1500000 Iu Injection2622.23
KlotbusterKlotbuster 1500000 Iu Injection828.27
StreplifeStreplife 1500000 Iu Injection3238.09
Streptokinase 15,00000 Iu InjectionStreptokinase 15,00000 Iu Injection1344.5
ThrombosolvThrombosolv 1500000 Iu Injection2437.0
ArixtraArixtra 2.5 Mg/0.5 Ml Injection680.0
FondafloFondaflo 2.5 Mg Injection649.0
FondaparinuxFondaparinux 7.5 Mg Injection1348.0
FondaredFondared 2.5 Mg Injection715.0
FondazestFondazest 2.5 Mg Prefilled Syringe680.0
CardioparinCardioparin 4000 Iu Injection240.5
FraxiparineFraxiparine 2850 Iu/0.3 Ml Injection357.75
FraxodiFraxodi 11.4 K Injection900.0
NadroparNadropar 2850 Iu Injection215.17
HepgelHepgel 250 Iu Ointment47.38
Philebotroy QpsPhilebotroy Qps Solution 1000 Iu115.0
LiotonLioton Gel66.0
ThrombomarkThrombomark Ointment69.3
Thrombotroy QpsThrombotroy Qps Solution115.0
FluxiumFluxium Injection363.9
FluxumFluxum 3200 Iu Injection399.05
HiborHibor 2500 Iu Injection281.0
ClivarineClivarine 3436 Iu Injection509.0
TroparinTroparin 3000 Iu Injection246.8
OrokinaseOrokinase 2000 Iu Tablet86.0
DolophobDolophob Gel0.0
ThrombophobThrombophob Gel106.8
AparinAparin Cream31.5

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