Interstitial Cystitis

Dr. Ayush PandeyMBBS,PG Diploma

December 04, 2018

March 06, 2020

Interstitial Cystitis
Interstitial Cystitis

What is interstitial cystitis?

Interstitial cystitis, also known as bladder pain syndrome, is a chronic inflammatory condition of the bladder. Interstitial cystitis causes pain, distress and pressure in the bladder area. The occurrence of this syndrome is more common in females than in males. As the bladder becomes inflamed and irritated, the bladder becomes sensitive. Furthermore, the wall of the bladder can swell or bleed.

What are its main signs and symptoms?

The symptoms vary from mild to low. In some patients, symptoms may subside and go away completely without medical aid.

  • Increased passage of urine (Read more: Frequent urination causes)
  • Feeling of urinary urgency
  • Urinary leaking, passing small amounts of urine each time
  • Pelvic pain, pain during sexual activity in women
  • Pain in lower abdomen, thighs, lower back, vaginal or penile pain
  • The symptoms of interstitial cystitis worsen due to hormonal changes, stress, consuming spicy foods and alcoholic drinks.

What are its main causes?

The exact reason for interstitial cystitis is not identified so far. But it can be related to the following medical conditions:

How is it diagnosed and treated?

There is no definitive test for the diagnosis of interstitial cystitis. However, the following tests are performed to diagnose it:

  • Urine sample analysis and culture
  • Biopsy of wall of urethra and bladder
  • Cystoscopy

Interstitial cystitis cannot be cured completely. However, the following treatment can reduce the symptoms. Bathing inside of bladder with a drug solution

  • Inflating the bladder
  • Medication
  • Diet
  • Reducing stress
  • Physical therapy
  • Nerve stimulation by electrical method
  • Bladder training
  • Surgery


  1. Berry SH, Elliott MN, Suttorp M, Bogart LM, Stoto MA, et al. (2011). Prevalence of symptoms of bladder pain syndrome/interstitial cystitis among adult females in the United States.. J Urol 186: 540-544
  2. Ricardo Saba. Angiogenic factors, bladder neuroplasticity and interstitial cystitis—new pathobiological insights. Transl Androl Urol. 2015 Oct; 4(5): 555–562. PMID: 26816854.
  3. University of Rochester Medical Center. [Internet]. Rochester, NY. Interstitial Cystitis.
  4. Cleveland Clinic. [Internet]. Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, Ohio, United States; Interstitial Cystitis (Painful Bladder Syndrome): Diagnosis and Tests.
  5. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases [internet]: US Department of Health and Human Services; Interstitial Cystitis (Painful Bladder Syndrome).

Medicines for Interstitial Cystitis

Medicines listed below are available for Interstitial Cystitis. Please note that you should not take any medicines without doctor consultation. Taking any medicine without doctor's consultation can cause serious problems.

Medicine Name






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