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What is a lung disease?

Any disorder or problem with the functioning of the lungs is referred to as a lung disease. Lung diseases may affect the airways, air sacs, interstitial lining between the air sacs, pleura (lining of the lungs), chest wall and blood vessels of the lungs. The most common lung diseases are asthma, tuberculosis, bronchitis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, pneumonia, pulmonary fibrosis, pulmonary oedema, blocked artery of the lungs and lung cancer.

What are its main signs and symptoms?

It is very important to pay attention to even the mildest of symptoms related to the lungs. Following are the warning signs of lung disease:

What are the main causes?

There are a number of different causes for different lung diseases. They are as follows:

  • Bacterial, viral or fungal infections.
  • Air pollution.
  • Smoking or exposure to smoke.
  • Allergens like dust and pollen.
  • A family history of autoimmune diseases.
  • Occupational exposure to chemical fumes or irritants like asbestos.
  • Congenital heart disease or genetic mutation.
  • A family history of lung cancer.
  • Having cancer in other parts of the body.
  • A weak immune system.

How is it diagnosed and treated?

The diagnosis of a lung disease begins with a detailed medical and family history of the person to find out the underlying cause of the disease. This is followed by diagnostic tests, such as:

  • Chest examination.
  • Sputum or mucus examination.
  • Blood investigation to detect proteins, antibodies and markers of autoimmune diseases.
  • Imaging of the lungs by X-ray, CT scan, and chest MRI.
  • ECG.
  • Bronchoscopy.
  • Pulmonary function tests like spirometry and pulse oximetry.
  • Tissue biopsy or bronchial lavage (a kind of lung wash) testing.

Your chest specialist will decide the treatment depending on the type of pulmonary disease you have. The treatment modalities are as follows:

  • Medications:
    • Antibiotics, antiviral and antifungal drugs along with antipyretics (medications for fever) to treat infections.
    • Antiinflammatory drugs to control swelling in the lungs (pulmonary inflammation).
    • Corticosteroids may be given as an inhalable, infusion and/ or oral preparations for asthma.
    • Antitubercular drugs to treat tuberculosis.
    • Antifibrotic medications to slow down fibrosis in the lungs.
    • H2 - receptor antagonist to control acid reflux causing the lung disease.
  • Oxygen therapy to ease breathing.
  • Lung rehabilitation.
  • Lung transplant surgery in severe cases of lung damage.

Using protective masks to avoid smoke and pollution, quitting smoking, practising regular yoga and pranayama (breathing exercises) help to avoid lung problems. Taking regular medication, regular follow-ups and advice from your specialist help to control and cure the lung disease.

  1. Medicines for Lung Disease
  2. Doctors for Lung Disease
Dr. Subhajit Mondal

Dr. Subhajit Mondal

श्वास रोग विज्ञान

Dr. Sai Theja reddy

Dr. Sai Theja reddy

श्वास रोग विज्ञान

Dr. Kishor Kameliya

Dr. Kishor Kameliya

श्वास रोग विज्ञान

Medicines for Lung Disease

Medicines listed below are available for Lung Disease. Please note that you should not take any medicines without doctor consultation. Taking any medicine without doctor's consultation can cause serious problems.

Medicine NamePack SizePrice (Rs.)
Blumox CaBlumox Ca 500 Mg/125 Mg Tablet93.0
BactoclavBactoclav 200 Mg/28.5 Mg Tablet Dt95.0
Mega CvMega Cv 250 Mg/125 Mg Tablet96.0
AzibactAzibact 100 Mg/5 Ml Redimix Suspension27.0
AtmAtm 100 Mg Tablet Xl25.0
Erox CvErox Cv 200 Mg/22.8 Mg Syrup54.0
MoxclavMoxclav 1.2 Gm Injection119.0
NovamoxNovamox 100 Mg Rediuse Drops35.0
Moxikind CvMoxikind Cv 1000 Mg/200 Mg Injection116.0
PulmoxylPulmoxyl 250 Mg Tablet Dt63.0
AzilideAzilide 100 Mg Redimix25.0
ZithroxZithrox 100 Mg Suspension26.0
AzeeAzee 1000 Mg Tablet47.0
ClavamClavam 1000 Mg/62.5 Mg Tablet Xr400.0
AdventAdvent 200 Mg/28.5 Mg Dry Syrup52.0
AugmentinAugmentin 1000 Mg/200 Mg Injection119.0
ClampClamp 200 Mg/28.5 Mg Drop78.0
AzithralAzithral 1% W/W Eye Ointment85.0
MoxMox 250 Mg Capsule46.0
Zemox ClZemox Cl 1000 Mg/200 Mg Injection169.0
P Mox KidP Mox Kid 125 Mg/125 Mg Tablet15.17
AceclaveAceclave 250 Mg/125 Mg Tablet107.0
Amox ClAmox Cl 200 Mg/28.5 Mg Syrup49.0
ZoclavZoclav 500 Mg/125 Mg Tablet199.0

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